Social Media in Turkey

October 2015:  Police seize the Ipek Koza conglomerate, one of one of Turkey’s largest media organizations, days before the November 1 general election; reports that Facebook, Twitter and other social media outlets were blocked following a devastating October 10 terrorist attack in Ankara that killed 102 people who had gathered for a peace rally

September 2015:  Istanbul prosecutors launch investigation into one of the country’s biggest media groups, Do?an, for alleged terrorist propaganda.  The move followed raids on the newspaper Nokta and the blocking of the daily Cumhuriyet’s website.

September 2015:  Reporters Without Borders on Turkey: “Censorship is becoming increasingly widespread as the security situation continues to deteriorate amid a major political crisis”

May 2015:  About 80,000 websites were reportedly blocked in the country as of this date

April 2015:  Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube were temporarily banned until they complied with requests to restrict access to sensitive content.  In the first half of 2015, 92 percent of all court orders to remove content received by Twitter worldwide originated in Turkey.

March 2015:  Laws granting authorities the power to block Internet sites and allowing access to user data without a warrant are reinstated after the Constitutional Court had overturned those provisions in October 2014

May-June 2013:  During the highly publicized “Occupy Gezi” protests in Istanbul's Taksim Square, the number of Turkish Twitter users rose from two to eight million.  The role of social media in weakening the ruling party’s control over the flow of information led to new laws to censor content.

Sources: Freedom House, Reporters Without Borders