The Electoral College

  • Established in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the president by a vote in Congress and a popular vote of qualified citizens
  • Consists of 538 electors, 270 electoral votes are required to be president
  • Each state is allotted the number of electors determined by the Constitution
  • When people vote in the election they are voting for their candidate’s electors in their state
  • Most states have a winner-take-all system for electors
  • The electors meet in December to vote for president and vice president
  • Those votes are counted in Congress on January 6