The Zambian government has put an end to a five percent import tax on refined fuel products to address crippling shortages.

Commuters have been forced to walk or bike to work as buses ground to a halt due to a lack of affordable gas. 

The tax had also put pressure on Zambia's key copper industry, a major employer.  Copper mines have been forced to close or scale back operations in an effort to conserve costly fuel.

The crisis erupted last month when the country's sole oil refinery, Indeni, closed because of equipment failure.

Zambians are considering establishing strategic reserves to prevent future shortages.

Some information for this report provided by AP, Reuters