NEW YORK - Fox News Channel has thrived despite losing founding leader Roger Ailes and next-generation star Megyn Kelly within the past nine months. Wednesday's firing of defining personality Bill O'Reilly will be its toughest test yet.
Fox moved quickly to install a new lineup after announcing O'Reilly's exit because of several harassment allegations by women, which he continues to deny.
Outside pressure isn't leaving with him; members of the National Organization for Women demonstrated outside Fox's headquarters Thursday, saying the company's workplace culture wouldn't really change unless management cleaned house of other high-ranking executives who knew about the sexual harassment but didn't do anything.
For most of Fox's existence, O'Reilly had been the linchpin of its success as the most visible and most-watched host. Fox's viewership at 9 p.m. went up when Tucker Carlson replaced Kelly in January — her battles with Donald Trump cost her support among many Fox viewers — but don't expect Carlson to repeat the feat when he moves an hour earlier on Monday.
"There's going to be some dismay among the Fox audience," said Tim Graham, director of media analysis at the conservative watchdog Media Research Center. "The real question is what happens next. If they offer the same generic product, then it will be forgive and forget."
Announcing a new lineup at the same time as the O'Reilly firing was smart, Graham said, because it enabled some viewers to say, "Oh, that's not bad. I can live with that."
Fox News has consistently been the most-watched network in all of cable television, not just news, over the past few months. The ouster of Ailes because of sexual harassment allegations last summer may have been disturbing, but meant little to viewers because it was off the air. Most of his management team remained, and the network's approach didn't change.
O'Reilly's brand of middle-class populism, delivered with a mix of humor and outrage, predated and reflected the appeal of President Donald Trump. O'Reilly wasn't always predictable in his opinions. Joe Pollak of the right-wing Breitbart.com website wrote a column Thursday headlined "Bill O'Reilly's secret: he was a centrist, not a conservative."
Arguably, the lineup installed in his stead is more reliably conservative. Carlson has made it a point to seek a younger audience by reaching out to the alt-right community, said Angelo Carusone, president of the liberal Media Matters for America. Eric Bolling begins his own show at 5 p.m. and the current late-afternoon panel show, "The Five," moves into the 9 p.m. hour.
"It's not like they brought in [Fox managing editor for breaking news] Shep Smith or a news anchor," Carusone said.
Carlson scored the highest ratings ever for Fox in the 9 p.m. time slot for the first three months of 2017, but there remains some question about how much that was a result of following O'Reilly in the lineup. With him moving up an hour, 9 p.m. most likely represents Fox's biggest challenge. "The Five" is set up as a panel show with one liberal trying to hold his own with four conservatives. The panelists are familiar to Fox viewers, and O'Reilly protege Jesse Watters is being added to the mix.
"The Five" faces strong competition with MSNBC's Rachel Maddow in that hour, and CNN is about to give Jake Tapper a test drive in the time slot.
Trump's most ardent defender on Fox, Sean Hannity, remains at 10 p.m. ET.
Fox plainly hopes that the brand and point of view it has developed is stronger than any single personality, even one as outsized as O'Reilly.
Rupert Murdoch and his sons James and Lachlan, who run Fox News parent 21st Century Fox, have talked about building an atmosphere of respect for women at the workplace now that the network's top executive and top personality have both been drummed out for their behavior. Some observers, like the NOW demonstrators, wonder whether that can happen without further changes behind the scenes.
Ailes' former top aide, Bill Shine, is now Fox's co-president. He hasn't been accused of any harassment, but many inside and outside Fox have wondered how much he and other executives still in place knew about Ailes' and O'Reilly's behavior. Fox even signed O'Reilly to a contract extension knowing that The New York Times was investigating harassment allegations against him — the story that led to O'Reilly's ouster.
"There were a lot of people at Fox who really hoped things would change after Roger left, and they didn't," Margaret Hoover, a former Fox political contributor, said Thursday on CNN. She added: "Nothing changed in the sense that the culture that perpetuated this behavior is the same."
Another former Fox contributor, Kirsten Powers, described on CNN an on-air segment with O'Reilly she found offensive because of the way the host talked about all the "blondes" who worked there. Powers said she sought an apology from O'Reilly and didn't get one, and her complaints were waved off by various managers, including Ailes. She said she wouldn't go on O'Reilly's show, despite the high-profile platform it provided, for a few years afterward.
A former Fox clerical worker who anonymously complained Tuesday came forward Thursday on "The View" to identify herself and speak about the experience. Perquita Burgess, who is black, said O'Reilly leered at her, made grunting noises as he passed her desk and once referred to her as "hot chocolate." She said she felt "triumphant" when she heard about O'Reilly's firing.
"It's very cathartic," she said.