A customer looks at her iPhone in a store of U.S. tech company Apple in Beijing, May 10, 2019.
A customer looks at her iPhone in a store of U.S. tech company Apple in Beijing, May 10, 2019.

VOA's Michael Bowman and Ira Mellman contributed to this report.

WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump said the United States "can make a deal with China tomorrow" to resolve the trade dispute between the world's two largest economies, adding the accusation that China prevented the two sides from completing an agreement.

In a series of tweets Tuesday, Trump portrayed the United States as being "in a much better position now than any deal we could have made," and restated his frequent refrain that under his administration other countries will not "take advantage" of the United States when it comes to trade.

His latest remarks came after he boosted taxes on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods sent to the United States and moved to impose duties on another $300 billion of Chinese exports.  China retaliated by imposing tariffs on $60 billion worth of U.S. goods.

The Chinese Finance Ministry said Monday its new 5% to 25% tax would be imposed June 1 and affect 5,140 U.S. products exported to China. Beijing said its response was targeting "U.S. unilateralism and trade protectionism."

"China will never succumb to foreign pressure," the Foreign Ministry said. "We are determined and capable of safeguarding our legitimate rights and interests. We still hope that the U.S. will meet us half way."

The new Chinese taxes came hours after Trump, on Twitter, urged China not to strike back, claiming "China has taken so advantage of the U.S. for so many years, that they are way ahead (Our Presidents did not do the job). Therefore, China should not retaliate-will only get worse!"

A Chinese employee walks past newly made U.S. flag
FILE - A Chinese employee walks past newly made U.S. flags at a factory in Fuyang in China's eastern Anhui province, July 13, 2018.

But later, Trump said, "Tens of billions of dollars are flowing into our coffers" from the tariffs the U.S. has imposed on China.

WATCH: Trump comments on tariffs

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The escalation of the tit-for-tat tariff increases had an immediate effect on the U.S. stock market, with the key Dow Jones Industrial Average plunging nearly 2.4% by the close of trading Monday in New York.

Trump has threatened to extend tariffs to an additional $300 billion in Chinese exports that have not been targeted yet, but told reporters Monday: "I have not made that decision yet.''

Deepening US-Chinese Trade War Sparks Unease on Capitol Hill

The U.S. Trade Representative's Office said Monday that a public hearing would be held on July 17 about the possibility of further tariffs on China, which it said could affect 3,805 product categories. It said the new measures could impose an additional duty of up to 25%.

The Chinese decision to retaliate with tariffs came after the world's two biggest economies ended their latest trade talks Friday in Washington without reaching a deal. 

Two U.S. lawmakers voiced support for Trump's trade fight with China, but with reservations.

Republican Sen. Roy Blunt told VOA, "If there's a trade fight worth having, it's a trade fight with China. They have not been fair traders." But he said "there is no doubt" that diminished sales of farm products to China have hurt his home state of Missouri and other parts of the agrarian Midwest U.S.

China Shipping Company and other containers are st
China Shipping Company and other containers are stacked at the Virginia International's terminal in Portsmouth, Va., May 10, 2019.

Democratic Sen. Chris Van Hollen of Maryland said, "There's no doubt that we need to challenge China to change a lot of its trade practices and its domestic business practices. For example, they've been stealing U.S. secrets for a long time. They have these rules that force U.S. companies to transfer technology. So we've we've got to confront China on that."

"The question is what's the smartest, most effective way to do it," Van Hollen said. "And while I support some of the president's strategy, I think some of it's misguided. Obviously, Americans and American consumers are paying more and more by the day. So, it's important that we address the fundamental issues in China's economy.

"It's not clear to me that the president's policies are addressing that, but we'll see. I see a tariff-only strategy; I don't see a more comprehensive strategy towards China. I'm not saying that tariffs can't be part of something, but they cannot be the only tool in your tool box," he said.

Analyst David Lampton, a fellow at the Stanford Asia Pacific Research Center in Palo Alto, California, said he sees the U.S. and China as competing to be more than just a dominant economic force.

"It includes a mounting arms race and includes diplomatic competition around the world, with China operating in Latin America and Venezuela and so forth, Middle East, in places where we've traditionally seen ourselves as dominant," Lampton said. "And of course we're operating on China's periphery and we're in Vietnam, trying to keep the Philippines in the U.S. column so to speak."