FILE - Government seals are seen on a rear entrance of the Zion church after it was shut down by authorities in Beijing, China, Sept. 11, 2018.
FILE - Government seals are seen on a rear entrance of the Zion church after it was shut down by authorities in Beijing, China, Sept. 11, 2018.

Beijing authorities who shut down a Christian church after its pastor criticized new curbs on religion have now ordered it to pay 1.2 million yuan ($170,000) in back rent and removal costs.

The Zion Church had been one of China's biggest unofficial Protestant churches until it was suddenly shut down earlier this month amid greater pressure on religion in the country.

In a list of expenses seen by AFP, the Beijing municipal authority said Jianweitang — the holding company of Zion Church — owes them some 800,000 yuan in back rent.

Other items include: 148,000 yuan for overstaying; 114,000 yuan in moving fees, which included 66 vehicles, 18 people and an additional fee to move six pianos; 8,000 yuan in packing fees; 90,000 yuan for three months of storage; 3,600 yuan for two days of video recording; and 55,000 yuan in overtime pay for 55 "property workers."

Zion's founding pastor Jin Mingri said the notice came as a surprise when they contacted the authorities to try retrieve church property after hearing that the space was being cleared out. 

"Not only did they not negotiate with us before moving our things, there's no reason in asking us to pay this exorbitant moving cost," Jin told AFP on Wednesday, adding that it would be "impossible" for the group to pay.

He said the rental had been paid long before, and that the authorities had tripled their rental on the expenses list.

'Unregistered and unauthorized'

Zion, housed on the third floor of a nondescript commercial building in a northern suburb, had up to 1,600 people attending its services each weekend.

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FILE - Police officers guard at the main entrance door to a building where Zion church is located after the church was shut down by authorities in Beijing, Sept. 11, 2018.

But on September 9, approximately 70 officers stormed into Zion's premises and ordered everyone out, tearing down signs and the church's logo.

The local civil affairs bureau said the church was unregistered and its activities were unauthorized.

The building was subsequently kept under heavy security and those without business in the area were barred from entering the compound.

The church's troubles started in February this year as tighter regulations on religious groups kicked in — the authorities had asked for CCTV cameras to be installed in the church but Jin refused.

Jin was also among some 200 pastors from underground churches who put their names to a petition complaining of "assault and obstruction" by the government — including the tearing down of crosses — since the regulations came into effect.

'Underground' vs. state-sanctioned

China's top leaders have recently called for the "Sinicisation" of religious practice — bringing it in line with "traditional" Chinese values and culture. The call has sparked concern among rights groups.

Christians in the country are split between unofficial "house" or "underground" churches like Zion, and state-sanctioned churches where Communist Party songs also feature in the order of service.

The church controversy comes as Beijing and the Vatican signed a historic accord allowing the Pope to have the final say in naming bishops in the country.

China's 12 million Catholics are divided between a government-run association whose clergy are chosen by the Communist Party and an "underground" church loyal to the Vatican.

No such deal appears in sight for churches like Zion, whose members have taken to meeting in parks and homes, Jin said.

"I get followed around by three cars everywhere I go now, which can be troublesome to others. So I spend most of my time at home, it's better this way, it's a test of faith," he added.