Bakir Izetbegovic of the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) declares himself the winner of the Bosniak (Muslim) seat of the Tri-partite Bosnian Presidency during a news conference in Sarajevo, Oct. 13, 2014.
Bakir Izetbegovic of the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) declares himself the winner of the Bosniak (Muslim) seat of the Tri-partite Bosnian Presidency during a news conference in Sarajevo, Oct. 13, 2014.

SARAJEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - A Muslim party said it would launch a legal bid to change the name of Bosnia's Serb region, enraging all Serbian parties in the volatile country and 
prompting calls for calm from the European Union. 

The largest Bosnian Muslim party, SDA, said Wednesday that the name Republika Srpska (Serb Republic) discriminated against 
Bosniaks and Croats there, and that it would challenge it in the 
constitutional court.

Under the 1995 Dayton peace accords that ended Bosnia's 1992-95 war, the country is split into two highly autonomous regions, the Serb-dominated Serb Republic and the federation dominated by Muslim Bosniaks and Croats, linked via a weak central government.

SDA leader Bakir Izetbegovic said the legal challenge was a response to "intensified attacks on Bosnia and its integrity" by Bosnian Serb nationalist leader Milorad Dodik. 

Dodik, who heads the Serb SNSD party, said the initiative was anti-constitutional and that Serbs will halt their work in the central government.

"If the appeal is accepted, we will call a special session of the Republika Srpska National Assembly at which we will 
decide about the future status of the RS [Serb Republic]," Dodik said after meeting other Serb politicians. He currently chairs Bosnia's inter-ethnic three-man presidency as its Serb member.

'Polarizing' actions

The EU delegation in Bosnia issued a statement saying: "We call on all political parties to refrain from political maneuvers aimed at distracting attention from the real issues facing Bosnia.

"Polarizing statements and actions ... will not facilitate the formation of new authorities at a crucial moment for the country's EU path," the delegation added. 

Bosnia is hoping to become an EU candidate this year. 

Bosnia's international peace overseer, Valentin Inzko, said the name challenge "in the midst of discussions on government formation is irresponsible and counterproductive, and further undermines the trust between constituent peoples and their political representatives."

Following parliamentary and presidential elections in October, a dispute between Serb, Croat and Bosniak presidency members over Bosnia's integration into NATO has delayed the formation of the central government.

The Bosniak and Croat pro-NATO presidency members refuse to approve Dodik's candidate for the job of prime minister unless 
he pledges support for NATO integration. But pro-Russian Dodik is strongly against it.