PARIS - French President Emmanuel Macron marked Remembrance Day Monday by relighting the flame at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under Paris' Arc de Triomphe, below a spectacular giant Tricolor.
Greeted by Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, Macron inspected troops during the otherwise low-key ceremony marking 101 years since the Armistice that ended the combat of World War I.
The rousing sound of military band brass music was slightly muffled by persistent rain for the hundreds of spectators thronging the Champs Elysees avenue, some of whom waved French flags.
The French leader will later inaugurate a monument for the hundreds of soldiers who died in foreign operations since 1963.
Commemorations were also underway in France's wartime ally, Britain.
The Royal British Legion urged the nation to remember the 100th anniversary of the first two-minute silence observed on Armistice Day by shutting out modern technology and all distractions.
"This year we're asking the nation to pause — mute your phone, close your laptop, switch off the telly — for just two minutes and pay your respects to our Armed Forces community, past and present," the legion said on its website. "Join us at 11 a.m. on 11 November for the two-minute silence."
The HMS Queen Elizabeth held one of the many ceremonies taking place across Britain to mark the day. Posting a short video on Twitter the ship's crew honored the fallen by spelling out "Lest we Forget" on the aircraft carrier's massive deck.
Britain's largest ceremony took place Sunday. The event in central London is traditionally held on the closest Sunday to the anniversary of the end of World War I at 11 a.m. on Nov. 11, 1918.
Queen Elizabeth II led the nation in remembering the war dead, as the political leaders paused campaigning for the Dec. 12 election to take part in a somber service in London.
The queen, dressed in black, watched from a balcony as her son and heir Prince Charles laid a wreath of scarlet poppies on the Cenotaph war memorial near Parliament. The 93-year-old monarch, who served as an army mechanic during World War II, performed the wreath-laying herself for most of her 67-year reign, but has cut back on her public duties.