Tunisian Foreign Minister Khemaies Jhinaoui, right, speaks during a joint press conference with Arab League Secretary-General, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, at the end of the Arab Summit, in Tunis, Tunisia, Sunday, March 31, 2019.
Tunisian Foreign Minister Khemaies Jhinaoui, right, speaks during a joint press conference with Arab League Secretary-General, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, at the end of the Arab Summit, in Tunis, Tunisia, Sunday, March 31, 2019.

TUNIS - Arab leaders said on Sunday they would seek a U.N. Security Council resolution against the U.S. decision to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights and promised to support Palestinians in their bid for statehood.

Medics and protesters evacuate a youth who was shot by Israeli troops near the Gaza Strip's border with Israel while marking first anniversary of Gaza border protests east of Gaza City, March 30, 2019.
Rockets From Gaza Hit Israel; 4 Palestinians Killed at Border Protest 
Five rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel early Sunday, the Israeli military announced, following a day of mass protests that saw Israeli troops kill four Palestinians near the territory's border.    The rocket attack threatened to undermine Egyptian-mediated efforts to cement a deal that the Gaza Strip's Hamas rulers hope will ease a crippling Israeli-Egyptian blockage of the crowded territory.    No casualties were reported and no Palestinian group claimed responsibility for the…

Arab leaders, long divided by regional rivalries, also ended their annual summit in Tunisia calling for cooperation with non-Arab Iran based on non-interference in each others' affairs.

Arab leaders who have been grappling with a bitter Gulf Arab dispute, splits over Iran's regional influence, the war in Yemen and unrest in Algeria and Sudan sought common ground after Washington recognized Israel's sovereignty over the Golan.

Arab League Secretary-General Ahmed Abul Gheit, Saudi Arabia's King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Assaf attend the 30th Arab Summit in Tunis, March 31, 2019.
Arab Leaders Hold Annual Summit in Tunisia
Arab solidarity and joint efforts to confront political and economic crises were the main topics of discussion at the 30th annual summit of Arab leaders Sunday in the Tunisian resort town of Carthage.  Iranian behavior across the region, along with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the Syrian crisis were also major topics of debate. Arab leaders discussed the key topics facing the region and their own countries in the televised session of the annual summit Sunday, in the Tunisian resort town of…

But the abrupt departure from the summit shortly after it began by Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, who is locked in a row with Saudi Arabia and other Arab states, suggested rivalries were not easily buried. No reason was given for his departure.

"We, the leaders of the Arab countries gathered in Tunisia ... express our rejection and condemnation of the United States decision to recognize Israel's sovereignty over the Golan," Arab League Secretary General Ahmed Aboul Gheit said.

He said Arab countries would present a draft resolution to the U.N. Security Council and seek a legal opinion from the International Court of Justice on the U.S. decision. It warned other countries away from following Washington's lead.

지난해 이스라엘 점령지역인 골란 고원의 마즈달 샴스 마을 앞에 이스라엘 국기가 펄럭이고 있다.
US to Redraw Maps to Show Golan Heights as Israeli Territory
State Department tells VOA Persian it will update US government maps to reflect president's March 25 recognition of Israel's sovereignty over Golan region it captured from Syria in 1967

Trump signed a proclamation last week recognizing the Golan Heights as part of Israel, which annexed the area in 1981 after capturing it from Syria in 1967.

Trump's earlier decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital also drew Arab condemnation. Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state.

Saudi Arabia's King Salman bin Abdulaziz told the Arab leaders his country "absolutely rejects" any measures affecting Syria's sovereignty over the Golan Heights.

Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi said Arab nations needed to ensure the international community understood the centrality of the Palestinian cause to Arab nations.

Palestinians are seen gathered during a protest marking Land Day and the first anniversary of a surge of border protests, at the Israel-Gaza border fence east of Gaza City, March 30, 2019.
3 Palestinians Killed at Gaza Mass Protest
Three Palestinians died Saturday in protests at the border fence between Gaza and Israel, on the one-year anniversary of the start of weekly demonstrations against a Gaza blockade.Palestinian health authorities said Israeli soldiers shot and killed two 17-year-olds during the day of protests, while a 21-year-old demonstrator died after being shot near the border fence overnight.    Thousands of mostly young Palestinian men turned out for the protest, organized by the Islamic Hamas movement. The rally…

In their final communique, Arab states renewed support for an Arab peace initiative that offers Israel peace in exchange for withdrawal from all lands occupied in the 1967 war and said they would seek to revive peace talks with the Jewish state.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who also addressed the meeting in Tunis, said any resolution to the Syrian conflict must guarantee the territorial integrity of Syria "including the occupied Golan Heights."

지난해 이스라엘 점령지역인 골란 고원의 마즈달 샴스 마을 앞에 이스라엘 국기가 펄럭이고 있다.
Experts Divided Over US Decision on Golan Heights
Local and regional reactions are mixed over the recent U.S. decision to recognize Israel's sovereignty over the Golan Heights. Some say the move raises tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbors, while others contend the move does not change the reality on the ground.The U.S. is the first country to recognize Golan as Israeli territory. The rest of the international community considers it Israeli-occupied.

The Tunis summit brought together the rulers of Saudi Arabia and Qatar for the first time at the same gathering since 2017 when Riyadh and its allies imposed a political and economic boycott on Doha.

But Qatar's emir left the summit hall shortly after Arab League Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul Gheit praised the way Saudi Arabia handled its rotating Arab League presidency last year, live television footage showed.

Qatar's state news agency did not say why the Qatari emir left, but Tunisia's state news agency TAP said the rest of Qatar's delegation stayed.

Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt accuse Qatar of supporting terrorism and say it has been cosying up to Iran, a charge Doha denies.

The row has defied mediation efforts by Kuwait and the United States, which called on Gulf Arab states to unite in opposition to Iranian influence in the region.

The final communique said Arab states called for ties with Iran to "be based on good neighborliness, non-interference in internal affairs, the non-use of force or threats, and refraining from practices and actions that would undermine confidence and stability in the region."

Arab states remain divided over other issues, including how to deal with pro-democracy protests that have erupted in the region since 2011. The presidents of Sudan and Algeria, two nations roiled by anti-government protests, did not attend the summit.

Syria's seat at the summit was vacant. Damascus as been suspended from the League since 2011 over its crackdown on protesters at the start of its civil war. The League has said no consensus has yet been reached to allow Syria's reinstatement.

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