After five years of imprisonment, prominent Egyptian photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zaid was released and returned to his family Monday.
Zaid, popularly known as "Shawkan," said he would continue his work as a journalist, despite harsh conditions to his release. Shawkan will remain under "police observation" for the next five years, required to check in with police every day at sunset and will be prohibited from managing his financial assets and properties during those five years.
An Egyptian court has sentenced 75 people to death, including several prominent Muslim Brotherhood leaders, and 47 other people to life in prison, over the bloody dispersal of two Muslim Brotherhood sit-in camps in 2013.
Human rights groups, including Amnesty International and the Committee to Protect Journalists, welcomed his release but condemned the conditions.
"We are relieved to hear that Shawkan is finally free after spending over five years in jail and call on authorities to end their shameful treatment of this photojournalist by removing any conditions to his release," said Sherif Mansour, Middle East and North Africa Program coordinator for the Committee to Protect Journalists.
"We are relieved to hear that #Shawkan is finally free after spending over five years in jail and call on authorities to end their shameful treatment of this photojournalist by removing any conditions to his release." @CPJMENA%27s @sherifmnsour https://t.co/DefmQ5KvjA pic.twitter.com/ZQTmWRjzDI— Committee to Protect Journalists (@pressfreedom) March 4, 2019
Shawkan was one of hundreds of people arrested after Egyptian security forces stormed two Muslim Brotherhood sit-in camps in August 2013, several months after the military ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi after weeks of protests against him.
In September, an Egyptian court upheld death sentences against 75 of the over 700 defendants in the original mass trial. Shawkan, who was taking photos outside the sit-in camps in 2013, was given five years in prison — a term he had already served.
The United Nations' cultural agency has ignored warnings from Egypt and awarded the World Press Freedom prize to an imprisoned Egyptian photographer.
A jury on Monday awarded the honor to Mahmoud Abu Zeid, known as Shawkan, who has been in jail since he was arrested in Cairo in August 2013 for covering a demonstration at Rabaa Al-Adawiya Square.
Egypt's Foreign Ministry strongly warned UNESCO against the move Sunday, saying that Shawkan faces terror-related charges.
Last April, the United Nations' cultural agency UNESCO awarded Shawkan the World Press Freedom Prize.
The mass trial and Shawkan's imprisonment have elicited widespread criticism on the lack of press freedom in Egypt.
Shawkan was released from prison Monday after spending over five years in detention on anti-state charges. He had been imprisoned since August 14, 2013, when he was arrested while covering clashes between Egyptian security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi. pic.twitter.com/oINHexsfDH— Committee to Protect Journalists (@pressfreedom) March 4, 2019
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ranks Egypt 161st out of 180 countries on its press freedom index. Over 30 journalists remain in Egyptian prisons, according to the rights group.