WASHINGTON - U.S. President Donald Trump praised his Egyptian counterpart Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi as a "great president" on Tuesday despite U.S. lawmakers' concerns about his record on human rights, efforts to keep him in office until 2034 and planned Russian arms purchases.
Egypt's parliament has proposed constitutional reforms aimed at allowing Sissi to remain in power until 2034, a move criticized by senior U.S. lawmakers and advocacy groups who are also disturbed by Egypt's repression of human rights.
President Donald Trump is welcoming Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to the White House on Tuesday for a second official visit.
The two leaders are expected to address topics including human rights, natural gas development in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and Egypt's efforts to defuse tensions in Gaza through negotiations with Hamas.
El-Sissi led the 2013 military overthrow of elected but divisive Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
Asked if he backed the efforts to allow Sissi to potentially stay in power for another 15 years, Trump told reporters: "I think he's doing a great job. I don't know about the effort, I can just tell you he is doing a great job ... great president."
Sissi is a former general who came to power after the, military led by him, overthrew Egypt's first freely elected civilian President Mohamed Morsi in 2013 following mass protests against his rule. Sissi was elected president the following year.
Egypt, the Arab world's most populous nation, is of strategic importance to the United States because of its peace treaty with Israel and its control of the Suez Canal, a vital waterway for global commerce as well as the U.S. military.
The U.S. Congress has appropriated $1.4 billion in bilateral assistance for Egypt in the current fiscal year, the same amount provided the previous year, according to a report by the Congressional Research Service.
While there continues to be support for aid to Egypt, members of Congress have voiced deep concerns about its reported signing of a $2 billion deal with Russia to buy more than 20 Sukhoi SU-35 fighter jets and weapons for the aircraft.
Egypt is holding political prisoners in “prolonged and indefinite solitary confinement” that amounts to “torture,” an international rights group said Monday.
In a new report, Amnesty International said dozens of detained human rights activists, journalists and members of the opposition held in solitary confinement face “horrendous physical abuse.” Such treatment results in “panic attacks, paranoia, hypersensitivity to stimuli, and difficulties with concentration and memory,” it said.
Egypt has detained thousands of people, mainly Islamists but also several prominent secular activists, since
In a letter released on Monday, leading senators also said Egypt had "unjustly detained more than a dozen Americans," called for their release, and raised "serious concerns about the erosion of political and human rights."
The letter to U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was signed by the influential Senate Foreign Relations Committee's Republican chairman Jim Risch, the panel's senior Democrat Sen.
Bob Menendez as well as 15 other senators.
"We are concerned (about) their deepening relationship with Russia, which also includes the loan that Moscow has provided to construct the nuclear power plant at Dabaa," it said, referring to a 4,800 megawatt plant aimed to be in service by 2026.
The senators asked Pompeo to request that Sissi "re-evaluate these decisions, which risk making his country a Russian dependency once again."
Egypt and the Soviet Union were close allies until the 1970s, when Cairo moved closer to the United States, which brokered its 1979 peace deal with Israel.
Trump did not directly address the issue of Egypt's planned Russian arms purchase. He said "a lot of progress has been made ... in terms of terrorism and other things with Egypt."
"We've never had a better relationship, Egypt and the United States, than we do right now," Trump added as the two men spoke to reporters before meeting in the White House Oval Office.
"All the credit goes to you, Mister President," Sissi responded through an interpreter. "Thank you very much for your support on all fronts."