World leaders are criticizing U.S. President Donald Trump's announcement that the United States will recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights.
Syria's foreign ministry said Friday Trump's announcement is "irresponsible" and does not change "the fact that the Golan was and will remain Arab and Syrian." A foreign ministry source told Syria's official news agency SANA the announcement "clearly reflects the United States' contempt for international legitimacy and its flagrant violation of U.S. law."
The Golan Heights were captured by Israel in 1967's Six-Day War and have been controlled by Israel since then.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Trump's announcement has brought the region "to the brink of a new crisis and new tensions."
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Istanbul that Israel's "systematic attacks on Al-Aqsa Mosque for years" is proof Israel has no respect for beliefs and holy places or tolerance for living together." Cavusoglu added that "U.S. President Donald Trump's unacceptable comments on the Golan Heights feed this warped mentality."
Arab League chief Ahmed Aboul Gheit also criticized the announcement, saying, "No country, no matter how important it is, can make such a decision."
The Gulf Cooperation Council, a group of six Arab monarchies, said Trump's statement "will not change the reality that ... the Arab Golan Heights is Syrian land occupied by Israel by military force" and undermines "the chances of achieving a just and comprehensive peace."
Egypt's foreign ministry denounced Trump's statement, citing U.N. Security Council resolution 497, which rejects Israel's annexation of the territory. The ministry emphasized that global leaders "should respect the resolutions of international legitimacy and the United Nations Charter in respect of the inadmissibility of acquiring land by force."
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif predicted, "The personal decisions of Trump ... will lead to crisis in the region."
The European Union emphasized it does not recognize Israel's sovereignty over the disputed area. "The position of the EU has not changed," an EU spokeswoman told Reuters.
Russia expressed hope that Trump's call for recognition of Israel's sovereignty would not be enacted. "It is just a call for now," said Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov.
Trump made the announcement Thursday via Twitter, maintaining the Golan Heights "is of critical strategic and security importance to the State of Israel and Regional Stability!"
After 52 years it is time for the United States to fully recognize Israel’s Sovereignty over the Golan Heights, which is of critical strategic and security importance to the State of Israel and Regional Stability!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) March 21, 2019
Pompeo Western Wall visit
Trump's statement came while Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was in Jerusalem, the highest-ranking U.S. official ever to visit the contested Western Wall in the holy city of Jerusalem accompanied by an Israeli leader.
The visit possibly signaled tacit U.S. recognition of Israeli control of the Jewish holy site, but it was quickly followed by Trump's specific announcement on the Golan Heights.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has accused Iran of attempting to launch attacks on Israel from the Golan Heights, saying, "I think for this reason and many more, it is time that the international community recognizes Israel's stay on the Golan, and the fact that the Golan will always remain part of the State of Israel."
The Israeli leader praised Trump's decision shortly after the president's announcement.
"President Trump has just made history," Netanyahu said after calling the U.S. leader. "The message President Trump has given the world is that the United States stands by Israel. We are deeply grateful for the U.S. support."
Last week, the U.S. State Department, in its annual human rights report, dropped the phrase "Israeli-occupied" from the Golan Heights section, instead calling it "Israeli-controlled." Pompeo told reporters the change in terminology was not accidental but rather a reflection of the reality on the ground that the Jewish state controlled the territory.
In his visit to Jerusalem, Pompeo reaffirmed the long-standing U.S. friendship and support for Israel.
The Golan Heights is about 1,800 square kilometers on the northeastern edge of Israel along its border with Syria, with about two-thirds of it controlled by Israel and the remainder under contested Syrian control. There have been numerous battles over the land during the eight-year Syrian Civil War.
Israel formally annexed the territory in 1981. But the international community has not recognized that annexation and considers the Golan Heights to be occupied territory.
Amid the regional uproar, Pompeo also met with Lebanon's interior minister on the last leg of a Mideast tour that took him to Israel and Kuwait. The U.S. State Department said the two men "discussed the regional and internal challenges facing Lebanon and how the United States can help support the Interior Ministry's efforts to maintain safety and stability inside Lebanon."
Trump is meeting with Netanyahu in Washington next week. Netanyahu's government is headed to a tough April 9 re-election contest as the prime minister is embroiled in a corruption investigation and faces allegations of bribery, fraud and breach of trust. Netanyahu has called the case against him a political "witch hunt."
In comments to reporters en route to the Middle East, Pompeo dismissed the suggestion that his meeting with Netanyahu could be seen as the United States intruding in the Israeli election in support of the prime minister.