The Taliban on Monday rejected pleas by Afghan elders and activists for an extension of this month's cease-fire and said they amounted to a call for surrender to foreign forces, as local groups continued to push for an end to fighting.
Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid dismissed the peace "slogans" and urged civil society activists and others not to join movements he said played into the hands of U.S. and international forces the Taliban wants to force from the country.
"They are not speaking about the occupation or the withdrawal of foreigners. Their objective is that we lay down our weapons and accept the regime imposed by the invaders," he said in a statement.
A truce over the three-day Eid al-Fitr festival this month, during which unarmed Taliban fighters mingled with soldiers and civilians in the capital Kabul and other cities, has given fresh impetus to the calls for peace, although many also dismiss the cease-fire as a Taliban trick.
A small group of peace marchers who came to Kabul on foot from the southern province of Helmand this month have also gained prominence, with pleas to all sides to end a conflict which has now lasted for 40 years.
"Tribal elders may not be able to bring about peace and create a cease-fire for the whole country but they can for their own districts and they will," said Dawlat Wazir, an elder in Jani Khil district in the eastern province of Paktia.
In Jani Khil, elders held a meeting that drew hundreds of people at the weekend, calling on the government and Taliban forces to refrain from fighting in their area.
"We are so fed up with operations by government forces in our areas that trigger fighting for days," said Malek Sakhto, one of the elders behind the meeting. "We're pleading with the government and the Taliban to agree on a cease-fire and stop killing each other and civilians."
The success of such local initiatives is mixed and may stand little chance as military operations pick up. But they underline the widespread fatigue felt across the country as the fighting has dragged on.
Underlining the threat, a suicide bomber targeted a police checkpoint in the eastern district of Kunar on Monday evening, killing at least eight people, Shah Khesraw, the local governor of Sawky distict said.
The explosion occurred hours after a group of peace marchers in Kunar had set off for Kabul, where the Helmand marchers have established themselves near the headquarters of the United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan.
President Ashraf Ghani ordered government forces to stop offensive operations against the Taliban for another 10 days after the end of the cease-fire, but there has since been fierce fighting in several areas.
In Logar, to the south of the capital Kabul, local elders and religious scholars have been trying to arrange a cease-fire in Azra district, according to Abdul Wali, a member of the Logar provincial council.
He said an informal accord had been reached but local people were still waiting for an official announcement from the Taliban shadow governor for Logar, Muallah Ismail Akhondzada.