Internships at tech companies pay far more than what the average American makes in a month, according to a recent survey.
At the top is Facebook, which pays its interns $8,000 a month, more than any other American company. By comparison, the government estimated the average U.S. pay in 2015 was about $4,000 a month.
The survey was carried out by the website Glassdoor, a jobs website where employees post their experiences about jobs and pay.
In second place was Microsoft, which pays its interns $7,100 a month. Oil company ExxonMobil came in third at $6,500. It was one of only a few non-technology companies to make the top 25 list. Amazon and Apple interns earn $6,400 a month, while Google pays $6,000, according to the survey.
Paid vs. unpaid internships
The survey showed that many companies recruit interns like they recruit full-time employees.
Ed Koc is director of Research, Public Policy and Legislative Affairs for the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE). He says companies scout for interns at college, looking for those who might become permanent employees after graduation.
?They?re very selective in terms of who they choose to bring on board. Particularly because they want to be able to convert that student into a full-time hire once that internship is over,? Koc said.
This means students should prepare for internships the same way they would for a real career job.
NACE connects U.S. college career-service centers and conducts surveys on the job market for graduates. Koc said about 52 percent of interns at the colleges he serves end up getting full-time jobs.
"Employers that provided paid internships actually were the ones hiring the students. They were looking at them in a probationary fashion," he said.
Paid internships don't only lead to a paid job, but a better paying job, according to a NACE survey.
Students who completed paid internships with private, for-profit companies received $53,521 in starting pay. Those who took unpaid internships received an average starting offer of $34,375.
Another NACE study found that unpaid internships led to decreased levels of job satisfaction. They also resulted in less development of skills than paid internships.
But unpaid interns gained a better understanding of their career field and some increased their academic performance, the research showed.
William Goodloe is president and chief executive officer of the not-for-profit Sponsors for Educational Opportunity (SEO). He says many companies have found that an internship is a much more valuable recruiting tool than a job interview.
?What they find is that interviews are not as reliable as they would like. But if you get to work with someone -- observe them for 10 weeks -- then you have a much better sense of if you want to ask them back full-time after they graduate from college.?
The SEO Career program recruits and trains college students and places them in paid internships. The organization works with ?underserved and/or underrepresented? students, including African-Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans.
SEO reports that 80 percent of its interns end up getting full-time job offers. Goodloe noted that one problem with unpaid internships is that they limit the candidates to only those with enough money to support themselves.
New interns run with a decision across the plaza of the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington on June 29, 2015. (Photo by Jacquelyn Martin/AP)
Besides internships, some schools offer students another kind of work experience, called co-operative (co-op) education. Co-op students balance classroom study with full-time employment during the school year. Students are paid by companies while working during extended breaks from academic studies.
The University of Cincinnati (UC) in Ohio started the first American co-op program in 1906. Today, it partners with more than 1,800 companies. Depending on the area of study, most co-op students at UC earn between $12 to $27 per hour. This would be equal to yearly pay of $25,000 to $56,000.
Some UC programs, including engineering, design and architecture, require students to complete co-op programs. In others, students can choose between a co-op or internship.
Kettil Cedercreutz is the head of UC?s Division of Experience-based Learning and Career Education. As with internships, he says companies now use co-ops as a major recruiting tool.
?Right now we have an average of 98 percent placement rate in co-op jobs. Then what happens when they graduate, they have 20 months of practical experience in their major under their belt.?
Cedercreutz said co-ops can also be good for students? academic performance and help them reach their graduation goals.
?In a co-op program they actually do graduate on time. To a very large extent because they learn something in the classroom and then they go out in industry and get to apply it - and they get to sort of digest it.?
UC also operates international co-op programs in which students study languages and then go to work at companies in Japan, Germany and Singapore.
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