U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has inched up slightly in the eyes of women's groups who said on Wednesday he has delivered on some promises to make the global organization a feminist institution but faces a major backlash and resistance.
The Feminist U.N. Campaign, a coalition of women's rights groups, advocates and U.N. staff, gave him a grade of B-, up from the C+ it gave him a year ago.
The coalition launched its report card after the secretary-general said he would be a feminist leader when he took office two years ago.
In that time, the #MeToo campaign against sexual harassment and assault has become a global movement.
Guterres has promoted women's rights and equality publicly, sought gender parity in leadership and rolled out efforts against sexual harassment and gender-based violence, the report said.
But an internal backlash and bureaucracy threaten his progress. His efforts to make structural changes have met "considerable resistance" from staff and member states that resist women's rights, it said.
Lyric Thompson, an author of the report and a director at the Washington-based International Center for Research on Women, said she thinks Guterres has "a genuine intent and interest in being a champion" of women's rights.
"The question is can he do everything in his power to be a feminist leader who enables that transformation and who makes it the new normal?" she said to the Thomson Reuters Foundation. The U.N. is "years away" from being a feminist institution, and attitudes of immunity and privilege operate to scuttle equality efforts, she said.
Just last week, a U.N. survey showed one third of its staff and contractors experienced sexual harassment in the past two years.
More than 30,000 people answered the survey, complaining of offensive jokes, remarks and sexual stories and of being touched in ways that made them uncomfortable.
The U.N. has tried to increase transparency and strengthen how it deals with such accusations over the past few years after a string of sexual exploitation and abuse accusations against U.N. peacekeepers in Africa.
The head of the U.N. agency for HIV and AIDS is stepping down in June, six months before his term ends, after an independent panel said his "defective leadership" tolerated "a culture of harassment, including sexual harassment, bullying, and abuse of power."
The secretary-general's office said it was pleased that the women's groups saw improvement in Guterres' handling of gender issues and agreed that more needs to be dome.
"At the same time, we believe the secretary-general has achieved considerable progress within the complex U.N. system at achieving real reforms to make the U.N. a better workplace for women and men alike," his office said.
Guterres, the former prime minister of Portugal, was sworn in December 2016 after a campaign in which many countries urged selection of a woman. The U.N. has not been headed by a woman since its creation in 1945.