A security guard walks by the front of federal court as jury deliberations begin in the trial of the former Trump campaign chairman, in Alexandria, Virginia, Aug. 16, 2018.
A security guard walks by the front of federal court as jury deliberations begin in the trial of the former Trump campaign chairman, in Alexandria, Virginia, Aug. 16, 2018.

WASHINGTON - A jury ended its first day of deliberations Thursday on whether U.S. President Donald Trump’s former campaign chairman Paul Manafort is guilty of tax and bank fraud to finance his lavish lifestyle.

The six-man, six-woman jury met for about seven hours, during which they asked the judge four questions, including clarification of the meaning of “reasonable doubt.” Under U.S. law, the guilt of the accused must be proven “beyond a reasonable doubt” or there can be no conviction.

Other questions delved into specific details of the case.

Earlier in the day, Judge T.S. Ellis gave a final summary to the jury before they started considering the case behind closed doors.

Prosecutors in the Paul Manafort trial, Uzo Asony
Prosecutors in the Paul Manafort trial, Uzo Asonye, left, and Greg Andre, are shown in a courtroom sketch on the fifth day of trial.

?Closing arguments

Prosecutors and defense lawyers presented their closing arguments Wednesday, with the prosecution arguing Manafort’s life was “littered with lies” as he bought palatial mansions, expensive suits, cars, electronics and other high-priced items.

“Mr. Manafort lied to keep more money when he had it, and he lied to get more money when he didn’t,” prosecutor Greg Andres said.

But defense attorney Richard Westling told the jury Manafort should be acquitted because the government had not met its burden to prove that Manafort was “guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.”

Westling said that is the reason the defense decided to rest its case without calling any witnesses to testify, including Manafort himself.

Star witness

Westling attacked the government’s contention that Manafort hid millions of dollars in offshore accounts to avoid U.S. taxes so he could fund luxurious purchases. He said Manafort had an adjusted net worth of $21.3 million at the end of 2016.

“Given this evidence, how can we say he didn’t have money?” Westling said.

Former Trump campaign manager Paul Manafort is sho
Former Trump campaign manager Paul Manafort is shown in a court room sketch on the fifth day of his trial on bank and tax fraud charges stemming from Special Counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

Westling also attacked the prosecution’s star witness, Manafort’s former deputy chairman in the Trump campaign, Rick Gates, as a liar and a thief.

Gates pleaded guilty before Manafort’s trial to helping him hide millions in income from U.S. tax authorities and is awaiting sentencing.

Along with hours of testimony about Manafort’s finances, Gates acknowledged he stole hundreds of thousands of dollars from Manafort, in part to finance an extramarital affair in London, and lied about his own role in hiding money in offshore accounts.

Prosecutor Andres alleges that overall, Manafort “failed to pay taxes on more than $15 million” in income.

Much of the money, the government alleges, came from Manafort’s lobbying for deposed Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, who was toppled in a popular 2014 uprising in Kyiv before fleeing to exile in Russia.

But Andres alleged that when the stream of money from Yanukovych dried up four years ago, Manafort financed his lifestyle by securing about $20 million in bank loans in the U.S. by lying about his assets and debts on loan applications.

“He lied and lied again,” Andres said.

Two weeks of testimony

Prosecutors for special counsel Robert Mueller presented two weeks of testimony against Manafort, accusing him of hiding millions of dollars in offshore accounts he earned while lobbying for Yanukovych in the years before Manafort joined Trump’s campaign.

The case has drawn particular interest in the U.S. because it is the first trial conducted by Mueller’s prosecutors in their wide-ranging investigation of Russian meddling in the 2016 election.

They are probing whether Trump associates conspired with Russia to help Trump win the White House and whether Trump, as president, obstructed justice by trying to thwart the investigation.

However, the case against Manafort, a long-time Washington lobbyist, only peripherally touched on the campaign. Instead, it dealt almost totally on accusations about his financial transactions and what he did with the money from Yanukovych and the bank loans.