In this Nov. 27, 2018 photo, Chef Jacinto Guadarrama, left, prepares dishes with the help of the kitchen staff at Gotham Bar and Grill in New York. For businesses in many states, including New York, the minimum wage is now $15 an hour.
In this Nov. 27, 2018 photo, Chef Jacinto Guadarrama, left, prepares dishes with the help of the kitchen staff at Gotham Bar and Grill in New York. For businesses in many states, including New York, the minimum wage is now $15 an hour.

Laws pertaining to minimum wage, gun use and sexual harassment are some of those that will changed across the country starting Tuesday. Here is a look at what to expect: 

Minimum wage

The National Employment Law Project says 19 states and 21 cities will increase minimum wage, which has remained stagnant at $7.25 per hour since 2009. In Alaska, the minimum wage will increase only pennies, from $9.84 to $9.89 an hour. But eight states, Arizona, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Missouri, New York and Washington, will raise the minimum wage in phases to up to $15 per hour.

A man standing with members of Patriot Prayer and
A man standing with members of Patriot Prayer and other groups supporting gun rights carries guns during a rally, Aug. 18, 2018, at City Hall in Seattle.

Guns and violence

California will require gun shops to post signs warning of the rules and dangers of handling guns. It will also increase the minimum age to buy a long gun to 21 years old. 

Illinois will enforce a mandatory 72-hour waiting period before the purchase of any firearm, not just handguns. It will also will allow police or family members to file an order of protection to prevent a mentally unstable person from having a gun.

Oregon will increase the age required to own a semi-automatic weapon to 21 and make firearms safety training mandatory.

Sexual harassment

California is banning "secret settlements" in any sexual harassment case, requiring the identification of the accused.

Delaware, New York and Washington will put in place new requirements on sexual harassment policy. In New York, all state contractors will be required to draft sexual harassment policies and train their workers.

A young girl pets a small puppy dog at the Puppy B
A young girl pets a small puppy dog at the Puppy Bowl exhibition, part of the Super Bowl Live fan festival in Houston, Texas. (B. Allen/VOA)

Pets

California will now consider pets as a part of the family in divorce cases, allowing judges to determine who gets custody. It will also ban the sale of privately bred dogs, cats or rabbits. Pet stores will only be able to sell animals from shelters and rescue groups.  Residents will still be able to buy pets from private breeders directly. 

Authorities in Illinois will be able to remove pets from the homes of "reckless owners" for a period of 12 to 36 months for the first violation.

In this March 1, 2017, photo, students display som
In this March 1, 2017, photo, students display some of their cursive writing work and exercises at P.S. 166 in the Queens borough of New York.

Cursive writing

Ohio will require all students to learn how to write cursive before fifth grade. 

Medically assisted suicide 

Hawaii will join six states and Washington, D.C. in allowing doctors to assist terminally ill patients in ending their lives.