FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 20, 2018 file photo, Gov. John Bel Edwards talks about an expected $300 million-plus surplus Louisiana will have from the last budget year in Baton Rouge, La.
FILE - Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards is pictured in Baton Rouge, Sept. 20, 2018.

BATON ROUGE, LA. - Louisiana's Democratic governor signed a ban on abortion as early as six weeks of pregnancy Thursday, a move that puts him squarely in line with the leaders of other conservative Southern states while provoking anger from some members of his own party. 
With his signature, Gov. John Bel Edwards made Louisiana the fifth state to enact a law prohibiting abortion when a fetal heartbeat is detected, joining Mississippi, Kentucky, Ohio and Georgia. Alabama has gone further, outlawing virtually all abortions.  
Louisiana's law doesn't contain exceptions for pregnancies from rape or incest. 
The bill's signing, however, won't limit the state's three abortion clinics anytime soon. Louisiana's law takes effect only if the law in neighboring Mississippi, which was recently blocked by a judge, is upheld by a federal appeals court. 

'I've been consistent'
Edwards, a Catholic running for re-election this year, didn't hold a public bill signing or issue a statement about it. He instead announced his action through his office. He had repeatedly said he intended to sign the measure, citing his faith and saying his views matched those of the people in his state. 
"This is an issue I've been consistent on forever. I am pro-life," he said earlier this month on his radio show when asked about the bill. 
Louisiana legislators overwhelmingly supported the ban, with a 79-23 House vote and 31-5 Senate vote.  
Lawmakers in conservative states across the nation are striking at the U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that legalized abortion nationally. Abortion opponents are pushing new restrictions on the procedure in hopes that a case will make its way to the high court, where they think two new conservative justices appointed by President Donald Trump could help overturn Roe. 
None of the abortion bans enacted this year has taken effect, and all are expected to face legal challenges that will delay any enforcement of the prohibitions against the procedure.  

Planned Parenthood protesters hold a "stand-in" at the Louisiana Capitol May 30, 2019, in Baton Rouge.

Opponents of the so-called heartbeat bills said they would effectively eliminate abortion as an option before many women realize they are pregnant and would violate constitutional privacy protections. Several hundred pink-clad Planned Parenthood supporters filled the Louisiana Capitol to protest the ban ahead of Thursday's bill signing. 
"The unprecedented and extreme attacks on abortion we're seeing across the country, including here in Louisiana, are dangerous to patient health and well-being," Petrice Sams-Abiodun, with Planned Parenthood Gulf Coast, said in a statement.  
Louisiana's law includes an exception from the abortion ban to prevent the pregnant woman's death or "a serious risk of the substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function" — or if the pregnancy is deemed "medically futile." But it does not include an exception for a pregnancy caused by rape or incest, drawing criticism that the law forces continued trauma on women who have been victimized. 
Under the bill, a doctor who violates the prohibition could face a prison sentence of up to two years, along with medical license revocation. 
The abortion-rights debates that divide state capitols across the nation cause fewer ripples in the Louisiana Legislature. It is one of the country's most staunchly anti-abortion states, with a law on the books that immediately outlaws abortion if Roe v. Wade is ever overturned. 

Democratic sponsor
Louisiana's latest abortion ban won support from many Democrats and was sponsored by Democratic Sen. John Milkovich. And the governor won some GOP praise for his position. 
"While Governor Edwards and I disagree on a lot of things, I'm proud that he stands for life," Republican Rep. Julie Emerson said. 
Although Edwards is a rarity in the national Democratic Party, he ran as an anti-abortion candidate. In his 2015 campaign, Edwards had a prominent TV ad that showed his wife, Donna, describing being advised to have an abortion because of their daughter's spinal birth defect.

The Edwardses refused, and the ad showed a grown-up Samantha. 
The bill signing by Edwards, who faces two Republicans on the ballot this fall, is expected to help shore up his position with some voters at home, even if it puts him at odds with national Democratic Party leaders and donors. 
Still, the governor faced an outcry of anger on social media from Democrats who objected to his support for the abortion ban.  
The chair of Louisiana's Democratic Party, Sen. Karen Carter Peterson, has been regularly slamming the bill. She posted opposition messages on Twitter, including after the bill signing: "Embarrassing! Apologies to LA women, particularly for the disrespect to women victimized by rape or incest."

But she hasn't directly criticized Edwards by name, and the party is supporting him for re-election.