A bipartisan group of U.S. senators will introduce legislation on Wednesday mandating that the executive branch disclose details about authorizations it gives companies on sharing sensitive nuclear energy information with countries looking to build reactors.
Lawmakers have criticized the Trump administration for issuing seven so-called Part 810 authorizations to companies on sharing nuclear power information with Saudi Arabia and withholding information about them. They want to ensure the kingdom eventually agrees to strong nuclear power safeguards on uranium enrichment and reprocessing to avoid the risk of an arms race in the Middle East.
Several lawmakers in the Senate and House have asked the administration for details on the authorizations, but were told that even the names of companies that got them are proprietary.
Previous 810 authorizations were made available to the public at the Department of Energy headquarters.
"There's a bipartisan concern on this committee that we don't have enough information about these potential nuclear deals between the United States and Saudi Arabia in an already volatile area of the world," Senator Edward Markey said at a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing.
Markey and fellow Democratic Senator Tim Kaine will introduce the legislation with Republican senators Marco Rubio and Todd Young. A similar bill is expected in the House.
The Trump administration has had talks with Saudi Arabia, which has been resistant to safeguards in a civilian nuclear cooperation pact known as a 123 agreement. Such a deal would have to be signed before the transfer of materials to build reactors. The administration has also been trying to convince Riyadh to agree to safeguards in a so-called Additional Protocol from the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Markey asked Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in the hearing if he would commit to sharing the 810 applications and granted authorizations. Pompeo said he would take the request under consideration but that other agencies have a voice in the authorizations, signed by Energy Secretary Rick Perry.
Competing for Saudi business
Saudi Arabia plans to issue a multibillion-dollar tender in 2020 to build its first two nuclear power reactors, sources said this month. The tender was originally expected last year but has been delayed several times.
The United States, South Korea, Russia, China and France are competing for the business. U.S. reactor builder Westinghouse, owned by Brookfield Asset Management Inc, would likely sell nuclear technology to Saudi Arabia in any deal that involved U.S. technology.
Saudi Arabia says its plans are peaceful. But Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said last year the kingdom would develop nuclear arms if its rival Iran did.
A Senate aide said the bill would amend the 1954 Atomic Energy Act to require the Energy Department to turn over to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee reports on all 810 applications it receives and the authorizations it makes and denies.
The chairs and ranking members of those committees could also ask DOE for records on any 810 applications that are approved or pending, and the department would have 10 days to do so.