The International Organization for Migration says only a fraction of the more than 2.2 million people forced to flee their homes in Iraq is getting the basic humanitarian assistance they need. The organization called on the international community to give more money to support these victims of war. Lisa Schlein reports from Geneva.
The International Organization for Migration reports one million Iraqis have been displaced since the bombing of a Shiite shrine in the city of Samarra in February 2006. It says some 60,000 people in Iraq are being uprooted from their homes every month because of sectarian violence.
IOM spokeswoman, Jemini Pandya, says the country is facing its worst ever displacement crisis. She says the displacement is going on longer than anyone had imagined. And, she says, this is causing the humanitarian situation to worsen every day.
"People who had been hoping to return to their homes after a short period of time are now having to come to terms with the fact there is no light at the end of the tunnel in view. IOM.'s mid-year review confirms that the trends observed at the end of 2006, the fact that host communities are struggling hard to cope with the sheer weight of numbers of people arriving needing shelter, food and other facilities," said Pandya.
Pandya says the competition for limited resources such as food, water and sanitation, health care and jobs is fierce. She says lack of security is hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
Despite the enormous risks, she says aid workers continue to help vulnerable people. She says they would be able to reach many more of those in need if they had more resources.
"Given all of this and a clear awareness around the world of the situation in Iraq, we are finding it rather difficult now to understand why it is proving so hard to find the resources to provide the basic humanitarian assistance that is so clearly needed. Since we launched our appeal in mid-June for Iraq for 2007 and 2008, we have received only 18 percent of an appeal for $85 million," added Pandya. "I think it is important to stress that funds are needed not just to meet humanitarian needs, but also to limit the undoubtedly socio-economic needs of this crisis."
Pandya notes the length of displacement and the continued situation of insecurity is entrenching community divisions. She warns these sectarian divisions could become irreversible if the world fails to act now to help those forced through violence to flee their homes.