The U.S. State Department says the already poor human rights situation in Nepal worsened in the past year, with security forces and insurgents alike committing serious human rights abuses.
However, the report says the governments of India and Sri Lanka generally respected the rights of citizens, although serious problems remain.
The State Department criticizes Sri Lanka's government and the Tamil Tiger rebel group for violating a ceasefire accord in place since 2002.
It also says Indian officials have used anti-terrorism laws to justify the use of excessive force against insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir.
The report describes the human rights situation as poor in Afghanistan, a country recovering from 20 years of war. It notes violence against women and minorities, as well as restrictions on personal freedoms.
Similarly, the report says the human rights situations in Bangladesh and Pakistan remain poor, as extrajudicial killings and politically motivated violence continue.