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Factbox: Ebola Virus Outbreaks in Africa

  • VOA News

FILE - People pass a banner reading "STOP EBOLA" forming part of Sierra Leone's Ebola-free campaign in Freetown, Jan. 15, 2016.

Democratic Republic of Congo Ebola Outbreak

On May 13, the World Health Organization declared an Ebola outbreak in Bas-Uele province, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, after a person tested positive for the Ebola virus.

The last Ebola outbreak in Congo happened in 2014 and killed more than 40 people.

In 2013, an Ebola crisis began in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

Congo's outbreaks have all been in areas not linked to the West African cases.

FILE - The Ebola virus treatment center in Paynesville, Liberia, July 16, 2015. The winner of "Integrity Idol" has pledged to use his prize money to train health care workers in Liberia, which is still reeling from the Ebola crisis.
FILE - The Ebola virus treatment center in Paynesville, Liberia, July 16, 2015. The winner of "Integrity Idol" has pledged to use his prize money to train health care workers in Liberia, which is still reeling from the Ebola crisis.

2013-16 Western Africa Ebola Outbreak

Where: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone

Began: December 2013
Ended*: March 2016

* WHO declared the outbreak in West Africa a public health emergency in August 2014. It declared the end of the transmission of Ebola in Guinea in December 2015, Liberia in January 2016 and in Sierra Leone in March 2016.

Even after the last transmission, WHO warned the countries were still at risk of sporadic transmission of Ebola because of the presence of the virus in some survivors.

WHO noted flare-ups of Ebola cases in Guinea in March 2016 and Liberia in June 2016.

2013-16 West Africa Ebola Outbreak, Death Tolls*

Guinea: 3,814 cases, 2,544 deaths
Liberia: 10,678 cases, 4,810 deaths
Sierra Leone: 14,124 cases, 3,956 deaths

Total: 28,616 cases, 11,310 deaths

Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

* The 2013-16 West Africa Ebola outbreak was the largest in history.

FILE - Sign displaying the symptoms of Ebola. AGI says leaders of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone made critical decisions in effort to end Ebola. (Credit: AGI)
FILE - Sign displaying the symptoms of Ebola. AGI says leaders of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone made critical decisions in effort to end Ebola. (Credit: AGI)

Ebola Symptoms

Symptoms of the virus may include:

Fever
Severe headache
Muscle pain
Weakness
Fatigue
Diarrhea
Vomiting
Abdominal (stomach) pain
Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

* Symptoms may appear anywhere from two to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is eight to 10 days.

Prevention

Avoid areas of known outbreaks
Wash hands frequently
Avoid bushmeat
Take precautions and avoid direct contact with infected people

* There is no known treatment for Ebola. Symptoms of Ebola and complications are treated as they appear.

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