News / USA

    A Look at 9 US Supreme Court Justices

    The Justices of the US Supreme Court sit for their official photograph on October 8, 2010 at the Supreme Court in Washington, DC, October 8, 2010.
    The Justices of the US Supreme Court sit for their official photograph on October 8, 2010 at the Supreme Court in Washington, DC, October 8, 2010.
    A look at nine U.S Supreme Court justices who issued landmark ruling on President Barack Obama's Health Care Reform legislation:  

    Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. was nominated by President George W. Bush and took his seat in September 2005. He previously served as Special Assistant to the Attorney General, Associate Counsel to President Ronald Reagan, Principal Deputy Solicitor General for the U.S. Department of Justice and Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Roberts was educated at Harvard College and Harvard Law School. Roberts is considered very conservative, though he has assisted in legal advice for gay rights.

    Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Reagan and seated in September 1986. He served as Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States, Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Council and Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Scalia was educated at Georgetown University, the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and Harvard University. He is considered a conservative.

    Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Reagan and took his seat in February 1988.  He served at the Federal Judicial Center, the Judicial Conference of the United States, the Committee on Pacific Territories, and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit in 1975. He was educated at Stanford University, London School of Economics and Harvard Law School. He is generally considered a moderate conservative, and has been the swing vote on numerous occasions.

    Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Bush and took his seat in October 1991. He served as Assistant Attorney General of Missouri, Legislative Assistant to Sen. John Danforth, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, Chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. He was educated at Holy Cross College and Yale Law School, and is considered a conservative.

    Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Clinton and took her seat in August 1993. She served the American Civil Liberties Union General Counsel, the National Board of Directors (1974-1980), and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. She was educated at Cornell University, Harvard Law School, and Columbia Law School. The oldest member of the court, she is seen by some as the most liberal.

    Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Clinton and took his seat in August 1994. He served the Senate Judiciary Committee, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and the Judicial Conference of the United States. He was educated at Stanford University, Magdalen College, Oxford, and Harvard Law School. He is generally considered a moderate.

    Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice, was nominated by President George W. Bush and took his seat in January 2006. He served as Assistant to the Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney, District of New Jersey and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He was educated at Princeton University and Yale Law School. He is thought to be a strong conservative.

    Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Barack Obama and took her seat in August 2009. She was nominated by President H.W. Bush to the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, and served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She was educated at Princeton University and Yale Law School. She is generally considered a liberal voter.

    Elena Kagan, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Barack Obama and took her seat in August 2010. She served as Associate Counsel to President Clinton, Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy, Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council, and 45th Solicitor General for  the U.S. She was educated at Princeton University, Worchester College, Oxford University, and Harvard Law School. As the newest member of the court, she is still unproven, but is generally thought to lean liberal.

    Some information for this report was provided by Supreme Court website, NYT, wires

    You May Like

    Video Democrats Clinton, Kaine Offer 'Very Different Vision' Than Trump

    In a jab at Trump, Clinton says her team wants to 'build bridges, not walls'; Obama Hails Kaine's record; Trump calls Kaine a 'job-killer'

    Turkey Wants Pakistan to Close Down institutions, Businesses Linked to Gulen

    Thousands of Pakistani students are enrolled in Gulen's commercial network of around two dozen institutions operating in Pakistan for over two decades

    AU Passport A Work in Progress

    Who will get the passport and what the benefits are still need to be worked out

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    In State of Emergency, Turkey’s Erdogan Focuses on Spiritual Movementi
    X
    July 22, 2016 11:49 AM
    The state of emergency that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has declared is giving him even more power to expand a purge that has seen an estimated 60,000 people either arrested or suspended from their jobs. VOA Europe correspondent Luis Ramirez reports from Istanbul.
    Video

    Video In State of Emergency, Turkey’s Erdogan Focuses on Spiritual Movement

    The state of emergency that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has declared is giving him even more power to expand a purge that has seen an estimated 60,000 people either arrested or suspended from their jobs. VOA Europe correspondent Luis Ramirez reports from Istanbul.
    Video

    Video Scientists in Poland Race to Save Honeybees

    Honeybees are in danger worldwide. Causes of what's known as colony collapse disorder range from pesticides and loss of habitat to infections. But scientists in Poland say they are on track to finding a cure for one of the diseases. VOA’s George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video Wall Already Runs Along Parts of US-Mexico Border

    The Republican Party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump, gained the support of many voters by saying he would build a wall to keep undocumented immigrants and drugs from coming across the border from Mexico. Critics have called his idea impractical and offensive to Mexico, while supporters say such a bold approach is needed to control the border. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from the border town of Nogales, Arizona.
    Video

    Video New HIV Tests Emphasize Rapid Results

    As the global fight against AIDS intensifies, activists have placed increasing importance on getting people to know their HIV status. Some companies are developing new HIV testing methods designed to be quick, easy and accurate. Thuso Khumalo looks at the latest methods, presented at the International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa.
    Video

    Video African Youth with HIV Urge More Support

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is the top killer of teens in sub-Saharan Africa. But many youths say their experience with the virus is unique and needs to be addressed differently than the adult epidemic. VOA South African Correspondent Anita Powell reports.
    Video

    Video Poor Residents in Cleveland Not Feeling High Hopes of Republican Convention

    With the Republican Party's National Convention underway in Cleveland, Ohio, delegates and visitors are gathered in the host city's downtown - waiting to hear from the party's presidential candidate, Donald Trump. But a few kilometers from the convention's venue, Cleveland's poorest residents are not convinced Trump or his policies will make a difference in their lives. VOA's Ramon Taylor spoke with some of these residents as well as some of the Republican delegates and filed this report.
    Video

    Video Pop-Up Art Comes to Your Living Room, Backyard and Elsewhere

    Around the world, independent artists and musicians wrestle with a common problem: where to exhibit or perform? Traditional spaces such as museums and galleries are reserved for bigger names, and renting a space is not feasible for many. Enter ArtsUp, which connects artists with venue owners. Whether it’s a living room, restaurant, office or even a boat, pop-up events are bringing music and art to unexpected places. Tina Trinh has more.
    Video

    Video With Yosemite as Backdrop, Obama Praises National Parks

    Last month, President Barack Obama and his family visited some of the most beautiful national parks in the U.S. Using the majestic backdrop of a towering waterfall in California's Yosemite National Park, Obama praised the national park system which celebrates its 100th anniversary this year. He talked about the importance of America’s “national treasures” and the need to protect them from climate change and other threats. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
    Video

    Video Counter-Islamic State Coalition Plots Next Steps

    As momentum shifts against Islamic State in Iraq, discussions are taking place about the next steps for driving the terrorist group from its final strongholds. Secretary of State John Kerry is hosting a counter-IS meeting at the State Department, a day after defense ministers from more than 30 countries reviewed and agreed upon a course of action. VOA Pentagon correspondent Carla Babb reports.
    Video

    Video Russia's Participation at Brazil Olympic Games Still In Question

    The International Olympic Committee has delayed a decision on whether to ban all Russian teams from competing in next month's Olympic Games in Brazil over allegations of an elaborate doping scheme. The World Anti-Doping Agency recently released an independent report alleging widespread doping by Russian athletes at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. So far, only Russian track and field athletes have been barred from the Summer Games in Brazil. VOA's Zlatica Hoke has more.
    Video

    Video Scotland’s Booming Whisky Industry Fears Brexit Hangover

    After Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, Scotland’s government wants to break away from the United Kingdom – fearing the nation’s exports are at risk. Among the biggest of these is whisky. Henry Ridgwell reports on a time of turmoil for those involved in the ancient art of distilling Scotland’s most famous product.
    Video

    Video Millennials Could Determine Who Wins Race to White House

    With only four months to go until Americans elect a new president, one group of voters is getting a lot more attention these days: those ages 18 to 35, a generation known as millennials. It’s a demographic that some analysts say could have the power to decide the 2016 election. But a lot depends on whether they actually turn out to vote. VOA’s Alexa Lamanna reports.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora