News / USA

A Look at 9 US Supreme Court Justices

The Justices of the US Supreme Court sit for their official photograph on October 8, 2010 at the Supreme Court in Washington, DC, October 8, 2010.
The Justices of the US Supreme Court sit for their official photograph on October 8, 2010 at the Supreme Court in Washington, DC, October 8, 2010.
A look at nine U.S Supreme Court justices who issued landmark ruling on President Barack Obama's Health Care Reform legislation:  

Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. was nominated by President George W. Bush and took his seat in September 2005. He previously served as Special Assistant to the Attorney General, Associate Counsel to President Ronald Reagan, Principal Deputy Solicitor General for the U.S. Department of Justice and Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Roberts was educated at Harvard College and Harvard Law School. Roberts is considered very conservative, though he has assisted in legal advice for gay rights.

Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Reagan and seated in September 1986. He served as Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States, Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Council and Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Scalia was educated at Georgetown University, the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and Harvard University. He is considered a conservative.

Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Reagan and took his seat in February 1988.  He served at the Federal Judicial Center, the Judicial Conference of the United States, the Committee on Pacific Territories, and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit in 1975. He was educated at Stanford University, London School of Economics and Harvard Law School. He is generally considered a moderate conservative, and has been the swing vote on numerous occasions.

Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Bush and took his seat in October 1991. He served as Assistant Attorney General of Missouri, Legislative Assistant to Sen. John Danforth, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, Chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. He was educated at Holy Cross College and Yale Law School, and is considered a conservative.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Clinton and took her seat in August 1993. She served the American Civil Liberties Union General Counsel, the National Board of Directors (1974-1980), and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. She was educated at Cornell University, Harvard Law School, and Columbia Law School. The oldest member of the court, she is seen by some as the most liberal.

Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Clinton and took his seat in August 1994. He served the Senate Judiciary Committee, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and the Judicial Conference of the United States. He was educated at Stanford University, Magdalen College, Oxford, and Harvard Law School. He is generally considered a moderate.

Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice, was nominated by President George W. Bush and took his seat in January 2006. He served as Assistant to the Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney, District of New Jersey and was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He was educated at Princeton University and Yale Law School. He is thought to be a strong conservative.

Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Barack Obama and took her seat in August 2009. She was nominated by President H.W. Bush to the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, and served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She was educated at Princeton University and Yale Law School. She is generally considered a liberal voter.

Elena Kagan, Associate Justice, was nominated by President Barack Obama and took her seat in August 2010. She served as Associate Counsel to President Clinton, Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy, Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council, and 45th Solicitor General for  the U.S. She was educated at Princeton University, Worchester College, Oxford University, and Harvard Law School. As the newest member of the court, she is still unproven, but is generally thought to lean liberal.

Some information for this report was provided by Supreme Court website, NYT, wires

You May Like

Arrested Football Officials Come Mainly From the Americas

US Justice Department alleges defendants participated in 24-year scheme to enrich themselves through corruption of international soccer More

Video Kenyans Lament Al-Shabab's Recruitment of Youths

VOA travels to Isiolo, where residents share their fears, struggles to get loved ones back from Somalia-based militant group More

This US Epidemic Keeps Getting Worse

One in 4 Americans suffers from this condition More

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
A Small Oasis on Kabul's Outskirts Provides Relief From Security Tensionsi
X
May 26, 2015 11:11 PM
When people in Kabul want to get away from the city and relax, many choose Qargha Lake, a small resort on the outskirts of Kabul. Ayesha Tanzeem visited and talked with people about the precious oasis.
Video

Video A Small Oasis on Kabul's Outskirts Provides Relief From Security Tensions

When people in Kabul want to get away from the city and relax, many choose Qargha Lake, a small resort on the outskirts of Kabul. Ayesha Tanzeem visited and talked with people about the precious oasis.
Video

Video Film Festival Looks at Indigenous Peoples, Culture Conflict

A recent Los Angeles film festival highlighted the plight of people caught between two cultures. Mike O'Sullivan has more on the the Garifuna International Film Festival, a Los Angeles forum created by a woman from Central America who wants the world to know more about her culture.
Video

Video Kenyans Lament Losing Sons to al-Shabab

There is agony, fear and lost hope in the Kenyan town of Isiolo, a key target of a new al-Shabab recruitment drive. VOA's Mohammed Yusuf visits Isiolo to speak with families and at least one man who says he was a recruiter.
Video

Video Scientists Say Plankton More Important Than Previously Thought

Tiny ocean creatures called plankton are mostly thought of as food for whales and other large marine animals, but a four-year global study discovered, among other things, that plankton are a major source of oxygen on our planet. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video US-led Coalition Gives Some Weapons to Iraqi Troops

In a video released Tuesday from the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, Iraqi forces and U.S.-led coalition troops survey a cache of weapons supplied to help Iraq liberate Mosul from Islamic State group. According to a statement provided with the video, the ministry and the U.S.-led coaltion troops have started ''supplying the 16th army division with medium and light weapons in preparation to liberate Mosul and nearby areas from Da'esh (Arabic acronym for Islamic State group).''
Video

Video Amnesty International: 'Overwhelming Evidence' of War Crimes in Ukraine

Human rights group Amnesty International says there is overwhelming evidence of ongoing war crimes in Ukraine, despite a tentative cease-fire with pro-Russian rebels. Researchers interviewed more than 30 prisoners from both sides of the conflict and all but one said they were tortured. Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London.
Video

Video Washington Parade Honors Those Killed Serving in US Military

Every year, on the last Monday in the month of May, millions of Americans honor the memories of those killed while serving in the armed forces. Memorial Day is a tradition that dates back to the 19th Century. While many people celebrate the federal holiday with a barbecue and a day off from work, for those who’ve served in the military, it’s a special day to remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice. Arash Arabasadi reports for VOA from Washington.
Video

Video Kenya’s Capital Sees Rise in Shisha Parlors

In Kenya, the smoking of shisha, a type of flavored tobacco, is the latest craze. Patrons are flocking to shisha parlors to smoke and socialize. But the practice can be addictive and harmful, though many dabblers may not realize the dangers, according to a new review. Lenny Ruvaga has more on the story for VOA from Nairobi, Kenya.
Video

Video Rolling Thunder Run Reveals Changed Attitudes Towards Vietnam War

For many US war veterans, the Memorial Day holiday is an opportunity to look back at a divisive conflict in the nation’s history and to remember those who did not make it home.
Video

Video Female American Soldiers: Healing Through Filmmaking

According to the United States Defense Department, there are more than 200-thousand women serving in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Like their male counterparts, females have experiences that can be very traumatic.  VOA's Bernard Shusman tells us about a program that is helping some American women in the military heal through filmmaking.

VOA Blogs