News / Europe

Armenians Re-elect Their President, Debate Level of Fraud

Armenian President Serge Sarkisian casts his ballot during presidential election in Yerevan, Armenia, Feb. 18, 2013.
Armenian President Serge Sarkisian casts his ballot during presidential election in Yerevan, Armenia, Feb. 18, 2013.
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— As Armenians debated their presidential election, European observers gave cautious endorsements to the Monday vote that re-elected President Serzh Sargsian.

"This election showed improvement, but lacked genuine competition," said Tonino Picula, head of the parliamentary observer team of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

More encouraging words came from Karin Woldseth, leader of observers from the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly.
 
“Armenia is on the right track to fulfill their obligations as a new democratic country in Europe,” said Woldseth, a Norwegian parliamentarian.

Then protesters stormed the press conference.

"You're legitimizing an illegal vote by your declarations!" shouted one protester, Artur Minasian.

By the official count, the President won 59 percent of the vote. His closest rival, U.S.-born former Foreign Minister Raffi Hovhannisyan, won 37 percent.

On Tuesday, people in Yerevan debated this question: was the fraud big enough to cover a gap of 22 percentage points?

Yes, said opposition candidate Hovhannisyan who addressed hundreds of supporters gathered on Liberty Square.

“The voting results do not reflect the Armenian citizens' will,” Hovannisyan said. “The elections involved mass irregularities. I am the president-elect of Armenia."

He gave Mr. Sargsian until Wednesday to concede defeat. He promised another rally that day.

'Rampant violations'

Hovhannisyan supporters said they have hundreds of reports of illegal ballot stuffing or fraudulent ballot counting.

Sara Anjargolian, a lawyer at the rally, said she read reports of voting violations on Facebook pages of human rights groups, then went to Hovhannisyan’s headquarters to read reports coming in from voting stations.

“There were rampant violations - everything from ballot stuffing, and not one or two, but hundreds and hundreds and hundreds that were being stuffed for the sitting president,” she said. “And intimidation. Everything under the sun.”

But Eduard Sharmazanov, spokesman for Mr. Sargsian's ruling Republican Party, called the vote "the best in the history of independent Armenia."

Political analysts noted that last May, the Republican Party won 52 percent of seats in Armenia’s parliament. More recently, all pre-election polls indicated that voters heavily favored  President Sargsian. After polls closed Monday night, a Gallup exit poll gave the president 58 percent of votes cast. On Tuesday morning, the Central Elections Commission gave him 58.64 percent.

Moscow approves

On Tuesday, the clearest election endorsement came from Armenia’s closest ally, Russia.

Sergei Lebedev, a former director of Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service, headed a team of observers sent here from other former Soviet nations.

“Some minor irregularities that were spotted could not have affected the overall results of the presidential election,” Lebedev said. Armenia’s presidential election “fully meets generally recognized international norms and national electoral law,” he said.

Lebedev said violations were spotted but not enough to affect the overall results of the presidential election. He concluded that Armenia’s election fully meets generally recognized international law.

Russia maintains 5,000 troops in Armenia. On Tuesday, Russian President Vladimir Putin telephoned President Sargsian to congratulate him on his reelection.

James Brooke

A foreign correspondent who has reported from five continents, Brooke, known universally as Jim, is the Voice of America bureau chief for Russia and former Soviet Union countries. From his base in Moscow, Jim roams Russia and Russia’s southern neighbors.

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