News / Africa

    African Economies Should Emphasize Production

    An employee of the Swiss monitoring company SGS registers a tree trunk near Buchanan, Liberia, 26 Feb 2010
    An employee of the Swiss monitoring company SGS registers a tree trunk near Buchanan, Liberia, 26 Feb 2010

    A new report says Africa should break with the past in moving from trade in commodities, to trade which enhances its productive capacity.  The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UNCTAD, has just issued its Economic Development in Africa Report 2010.

    The report notes trade between Africa and non-African developing countries is growing, especially with the emerging economic powerhouses China, India and Brazil.  

    It says Africa should seize the opportunity of trading with large developing countries to diversify production, acquire technology and develop regional markets.  

    The study warns so far, trade and investment flows with the south are reinforcing a long-standing trend, which is not very helpful to Africa.  It says African countries mainly export farm produce, minerals, ores and crude oil and import mostly manufactured goods.

    The secretary-general for the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development, Supachai Panitchpakdi, says non-African developing countries should help Africa by moving away from concentrating on its minerals and energy industry.  

    "In order to help Africa, and we would like to see South-South Cooperation being more than a guise towards exploitation of natural resources of Africa.  The scope should be broadened to cover more than just extraction.  We think that from the side of non-African partners countries, they should be trying to enlarge the scope of their coverage of countries in Africa to include other countries that are less well endowed with natural resources as well,  said Supachai Panitchpakdi.

    The report finds Africa's total merchandise trade with non-African developing countries increased from $34 billion in 1995 to $283 billion in 2008.

    It says China is Africa's most important trading partner.  The report says Africa's total merchandise trade with China increased from $25 billion in 2004 to $93 billion in 2008.  

    During the same period, it notes Africa's trade with India increased from $9 billion to $31 billion, and it increased from $8 billion to $23 billion with Brazil.

    The report finds China is becoming the most significant bilateral source of support to Africa in the infrastructure and production sectors.  It says financial commitments in sub-Saharan Africa soared to $4.5 billion in 2007.

    Senior UNCTAD economist Charles Gore says South-South trade and investment relations are mainly oriented towards intensifying Africa's dependence on commodities.

    "There is a great potential, an opportunity for these relations to promote transformational growth in Africa.  Growth based on structural change… Africa needs certain ingredients of things like infrastructure, skills technology to move beyond commodity dependence and establish local manufacturing industries," he said.   

    The U.N. conference emphasizes the need to ensure gains are better distributed across countries.  It notes in 2008, the five largest African exporters to developing countries accounted for 68 percent of the region's total exports.  And, the report says the top five African countries accounted for 57 percent of the region's imports from other developing countries.

    The U.N. economists note continuing growth of large developing countries is occurring at the same time advanced economies are facing weaker growth.  As a consequence, they say Africa's relationships to other developing regions can be expected to grow in importance.  

    You May Like

    Video Rubio Looks to Surge in New Hampshire

    Republican presidential candidate has moved into second place in several recent surveys and appears to be gaining ground on longtime frontrunner Donald Trump

    UN Calls for Global Ban on Female Genital Mutilation

    Recent UNICEF report finds at least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone female genital mutilation in 30 countries

    UN Pilots New Peace Approach in CAR

    Approach launched in northern town of Kaga Bandoro, where former combatants of mainly Muslim Seleka armed group and Christian and animist anti-Balaka movement are being paid to do community work

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    By the Numbers

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    German Artists to Memorialize Refugees With Life Jacket Exhibiti
    X
    Hamada Elsaram
    February 05, 2016 4:30 PM
    Sold in every kind of shop in some Turkish port towns, life jackets have become a symbol of the refugee crisis that brought a million people to Europe in 2015.  On the shores of Lesbos, Greece, German artists collect discarded life jackets as they prepare an art installation they plan to display in Germany.  For VOA, Hamada Elrasam has this report from Lesbos, Greece.
    Video

    Video German Artists to Memorialize Refugees With Life Jacket Exhibit

    Sold in every kind of shop in some Turkish port towns, life jackets have become a symbol of the refugee crisis that brought a million people to Europe in 2015.  On the shores of Lesbos, Greece, German artists collect discarded life jackets as they prepare an art installation they plan to display in Germany.  For VOA, Hamada Elrasam has this report from Lesbos, Greece.
    Video

    Video E-readers Help Ease Africa's Book Shortage

    Millions of people in Africa can't read, and there's a chronic shortage of books. A non-profit organization called Worldreader is trying to help change all that one e-reader at a time. VOA’s Deborah Block tells us about a girls' school in Nairobi, Kenya where Worldreader is making a difference.
    Video

    Video Genius Lets World Share Its Knowledge

    Inspired by crowdsourcing companies like Wikipedia, Genius allows anyone to edit anything on the web, using its web annotation tool
    Video

    Video Former Drug CEO Martin Shkreli Angers US Lawmakers

    A former U.S. pharmaceutical business executive has angered lawmakers by refusing to explain why he raised the price of a life-saving pill by 5,000 percent. Martin Shkreli was removed from a congressional hearing on Thursday after citing his Fifth Amendment right to stay silent. Zlatica Hoke has more.
    Video

    Video Super Bowl TV Commercials are Super Business for Advertisers

    The Super Bowl, the championship clash between the two top teams in American Football, is the most-watched sporting event of the year, and advertisers are lining up and paying big bucks to get their commercials on the air. In fact, the TV commercials during the Super Bowl have become one of the most anticipated and popular features of the event. VOA's Brian Allen has a sneak peek of what you can expect to see when the big game goes to commercial break, and the real entertainment begins.
    Video

    Video In Philippines, Mixed Feelings About Greater US Military Presence

    In the Philippines, some who will be directly affected by a recent Supreme Court decision clearing the way for more United States troop visits are having mixed reactions.  The increased rotations come at a time when the Philippines is trying to build up its military in the face of growing maritime assertiveness from China.  From Bahile, Palawan on the coast of the South China Sea, Simone Orendain has this story.
    Video

    Video Microcephaly's Connection to Zika: Guilty Until Proven Innocent

    The Zika virus rarely causes problems for the people who get it, but it seems to be having a devastating impact on babies whose mothers are infected with Zika. VOA's Carol Pearson has more.
    Video

    Video Solar Innovation Provides Cheap, Clean Energy to Kenya Residents

    In Kenya, a company called M-Kopa Solar is providing clean energy to more than 300,000 homes across East Africa by allowing customers to "pay-as-you-go" via their cell phones. As Lenny Ruvaga reports from Kangemi, customers pay a small deposit for a solar unit and then pay less than a dollar a day to get clean energy to light up their homes or businesses.
    Video

    Video Stunning Artworks Attract Record Crowds, Thanks to Social Media

    A new exhibit at the oldest art museum in America is shattering attendance records. Thousands of visitors are lining up to see nine giant works of art that have gotten a much-deserved shot of viral marketing. The 150-year-old Smithsonian American Art Museum has never had a response quite like this. VOA's Julie Taboh reports.
    Video

    Video Apprenticeships Put Americans on Path Back to Work

    Trying to get more people into the U.S. workforce, the Obama administration last year announced $175 million in grants towards apprenticeship programs. VOA White House correspondent Aru Pande went inside one training center outside of Washington that has gained national recognition for helping put people on the path to employment.
    Video

    Video New Material May Reduce Concussion Effects

    As the 2016 National Football League season reaches its summit at the Super Bowl this coming Sunday (2/7), scientists are trying to learn how to more effectively protect football players from dangerous and damaging concussions. Researchers at Cardiff and Cambridge Universities say their origami-based material may solve the problem. VOA’s George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video Saudi Arabian Women's Sports Chip Away at Stereotypes

    Saudi Arabian female athletes say that sports are on the front line of busting traditions that quash women’s voices, both locally and internationally. In their hometown of Jeddah, a group of basketball players say that by connecting sports to health issues, they are encouraging women and girls to get out of their homes and participate in public life. VOA’s Heather Murdock reports.
    Video

    Video A Year Later, Fortunes Mixed for Syrians Forging New Lives in Berlin

    In April of last year, VOA followed the progress of six young Syrian refugees -- four brothers and their two friends -- as they made their way from Libya to Italy by boat, and eventually to Germany. Reporter Henry Ridgwell caught up with the refugees again in Berlin, as they struggle to forge new lives amid the turmoil of Europe's refugee crisis.
    Video

    Video Zika Virus May be Hard to Stop

    With the Zika virus spreading rapidly, the World Health Organization Monday declared Zika a global health emergency. As Alberto Pimienta reports, for many governments and experts, the worst is yet to come.