News / Asia

Obama in Burma, Says Trip Not Endorsement of Government

US President Barack Obama speaks during a media conference in Bangkok, Thailand, November 18, 2012.US President Barack Obama speaks during a media conference in Bangkok, Thailand, November 18, 2012.
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US President Barack Obama speaks during a media conference in Bangkok, Thailand, November 18, 2012.
US President Barack Obama speaks during a media conference in Bangkok, Thailand, November 18, 2012.
VOA News
U.S. President Barack Obama has arrived in Burma, becoming the first American sitting president to visit the Southeast Asian country.

Mr. Obama is scheduled to meet with both Burmese President Thein Sein and Aung San Suu Kyi, the nation's leading democracy activist, who has been free only since 2010 after 15 years of detention or house arrest.

President Obama has said his trip to Burma does not represent an endorsement of the government, but is rather an acknowledgement of the political reform process under way in the country.

The president said there has been a stated commitment to further political reform in Burma, which he says deserves encouragement. 

"But I do not think anybody is under any illusion that Burma has arrived, that they are where they need to be," said the president. "On the other hand if we waited to engage until they had achieved a perfect democracy, my suspicion is we would be waiting an awful long time."

He said the goal of his visit is to highlight the progress that has been made, and also to address the steps Burma needs to take in the future.

The trip underscores Mr. Obama's increased focus on Asia as he tries to fulfill his pledge to strengthen the U.S. economy during his second four-year term in office.  The Obama administration has said American foreign policy and engagement will "pivot" toward Asia in the future.

The Burmese government has recently begun making democratic reforms, but some human-rights groups have cautioned that it is not yet a fully free country.  

The U.S.-based rights group Human Rights Watch told VOA the president should have waited to travel to Burma until the country makes more progress in restoring basic freedoms.  

Mr. Obama also is attending a meeting of regional leaders from ASEAN in Cambodia, another destination where he is expected to raise concerns about long-standing human-rights problems.  The president is expected to urge Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen to hold free and fair elections and end land seizures.

Mr. Obama spoke in Bangkok during a news conference with Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra Sunday.  Thailand was the first stop on a three-nation Asian visit in his first overseas trip since winning re-election nearly two weeks ago.

Some information for this report provided by AP, AFP and Reuters.

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