News / Europe

Ukraine's Poroshenko Urges Putin to Tighten Borders

FILE - A Ukrainian soldier raises a Ukrainian flag on top of an armored personnel carrier at a checkpoint near the town of Slovyansk in eastern Ukraine.
FILE - A Ukrainian soldier raises a Ukrainian flag on top of an armored personnel carrier at a checkpoint near the town of Slovyansk in eastern Ukraine.
VOA News

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko urged President Vladimir Putin to strengthen Russian control over its borders to prevent militants and arms entering Ukraine after violence broke a truce there in a two-hour phone call on Sunday.

The cease-fire, declared by Poroshenko on June 20 to allow for peace talks with the pro-Russian rebels, is due to expire at 1900 GMT on Monday, a deadline also set by EU leaders considering new sanctions against Russia.

The cease-fire has been shaky since it started, with each side accusing the other of numerous violations.

A statement issued by Poroshenko's office said he underlined Ukraine's willingness to maintain the cease-fire at least until Monday evening, but expressed concern about the situation, noting what he said were multiple violations of the truce by separatist fighters.

He called on Putin to strengthen border controls from the Russian side to stop what Ukraine says is the flow of weapons, fighters and mercenaries.

Cease-fire, sanctions

The statement came after a four-way telephone conversation among the Ukrainian and Russian leaders, French President Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

Merkel and Hollande encouraged the Ukrainian and Russian presidents to work on meeting the EU conditions, Hollande's office said in a statement.

The EU's demands included the return of three border checkpoints to Ukrainian control, verification of the cease-fire by monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and talks to put Poroshenko's peace plan in place.

The four leaders agreed to speak again on Monday, the statement added.

The Kremlin's account of the conversation made no mention of the European conditions and stressed the joint call on Poroshenko not to resume his eastern campaign.

It also once again urged Ukraine to accept "immediate" Russian humanitarian aid in the conflict zone. Kyiv suspects Moscow of planning to use such deliveries to smuggle arms to the rebel fighters.

The four-way phone call was the latest in a series of discussions the four leaders have held in recent weeks in an effort to stop the fighting that has killed more than 400 people since April.

The European Union has threatened more penalties on Moscow beyond existing asset freezes and visa bans unless pro-Russian rebels act to ease the crisis in eastern Ukraine by Monday.

The United States has promised to move in lockstep with Europe on Russian sanctions in the Cold War-style confrontation over the future of the strategic ex-Soviet state.

Russia's economy minister warned on Saturday that new sanctions could "seriously" impact growth that the International Monetary Fund believes may only reach 0.2 percent this year.

But public statements in Moscow indicate it is busy preparing an economic counter-offensive that would put up prohibitive barriers to Ukrainian trade.

Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Saturday that Russia would treat Ukraine and the ex-Soviet states of Georgia of Moldova that signed their own EU deals on Friday "based on one criterium -- how (the agreements) might hurt Russian trade."

Russian and EU ministers have tentatively agreed to meet on July 11 to discuss how Moscow's concerns might be best addressed.

Violence near Slovyansk

Ukraine's National Guard said on Sunday rebels had used tanks and mortar shells to fire on a checkpoint near the separatist stronghold of Slovyansk, about 100 kilometers (60 miles) from the border with Russia.

“There were no casualties among the military personnel there,” its statement said. A spokesman for the operation told Channel 5 television that five soldiers had been killed in the past few days by rebel violence in violation of the truce.

A woman points to a damaged building after shelling in the city of Slovyansk, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, June 29, 2014.A woman points to a damaged building after shelling in the city of Slovyansk, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, June 29, 2014.
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A woman points to a damaged building after shelling in the city of Slovyansk, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, June 29, 2014.
A woman points to a damaged building after shelling in the city of Slovyansk, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, June 29, 2014.


Interfax news agency cited rebels as saying Ukrainian forces had shelled around Slovyansk, hitting a marketplace and an apartment building, causing injuries.

Poroshenko, under pressure from the West to keep up the cease-fire during talks with the rebels, is facing rising anger over the truce, which some Ukrainians say is only giving the rebels time to regroup and rearm.

Poroshenko, who accuses Moscow of fanning the violence in eastern Ukraine, on Friday extended the cease-fire until 10 p.m. (1900 gmt) on Monday, hours after returning from a summit in Brussels with EU leaders where he signed a landmark economic integration pact with Europe.

The truce, his website said, was extended in line with a Monday deadline set by EU leaders for the rebels to agree to cease-fire verification arrangements, return border checkpoints to Kyiv authorities and free hostages including detained monitors of the OSCE rights and security watchdog.

Pro-Russian separatists released four OSCE monitors late Saturday, the second of two groups detained last month.

Moscow denies helping the insurgents and says it is the pro-Western Ukrainian government that is fanning the violence.

Talks are meant to include separatists in Ukraine's Donetsk and Luhansk provinces, Ukrainian ex-president Leonid Kuchma as Kyiv's representative, Moscow's ambassador to Kyiv and members of the OSCE.

But persisting violence has increased political pressure on Poroshenko, who promised to end the crisis in the east in a matter of weeks, to step up what he calls an anti-terrorism operation against the rebels.

Hundreds of people rallied in central Kyiv on Sunday for Poroshenko to call an end to the cease-fire and boost operations in the two provinces, where separatists have seized state buildings and weapons arsenals.

Some information for this report provided by Reuters, AFP and AP.

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Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Cayman
June 30, 2014 3:17 PM
There is not true, that Russia is sending troops or arms forms the border! This is the way how west make looks like that Russia is escalating crisis to acquit new sanctions!
But the truce is that Ukrainian radicals are not disarmed! They are not following cease-fire plan and nobody punish them! More than that they were promised that they would not be prosecuted under the Penal Code!
There is nor even the smell of peace that Poroshenko is talking about!

by: 1worldnow from: Earth
June 30, 2014 2:52 AM
You tell them Putin! It is the pro-Western Unkraine fanning the violence! Those rebels, or pro-Russian seperatists, must be stealing all those RUSSIAN made weapons, tanks, missiles from your secured arsenals! Those pro-Russian seperatists are purposely making it look like RUSSIA is giving them weapons, tanks, missiles. You have nothing to do with it Putin, you are completely innocent. Right on Putin!!!

This was caught on camera:

Putin said, "Hey, stop it rebels, put those RUSSIAN weapons down!"

the rebels said "no, Putee baby, we won't put these RUSSIAN weapons down, so nan-a-nan-a-boo-boo!"

Putin said "Awe come on guys, it will look like I gave those RUSSIAN weapons to KILL UKRAINIANS. Plus I just put Pop-Tarts in the toaster, and I have to go to the store to get some milk or my mommy will slap me again!"

rebels said "OK, Putee, now run along little doggie." (rebels snickering)

by: sara from: Alaska
June 30, 2014 2:28 AM
Ukrainians love USA! Let them have a referendum where they vote to become a 51 USA state.

by: Gennady from: Russia, Volga Region
June 29, 2014 9:46 PM
I don’t believe that once Ukraine’s Poroshenko has strangled rebels in the East, all the woes for Ukraine will end by magic. Ukranians under Poroshenro should realistically weigh their prospects and become pragmatic. They will never again enjoy the best of TWO WORLDS – free trade with Russia as has been in the days gone-by and the generous and endless shower of hard currency from the EU. The EU countries don’t expect import of outdated Ukranian goods. So, how Ukraine will get its living? The EU isn’t going to shower for long and expects the Ukranians to fasten their belts, to moderate their appetites and start working hard, working very hard to modernize their country. I doubt that is in the Ukranian psyche.

by: U_key from: home
June 29, 2014 6:31 PM
Russia can deliver humanitarian aid to Ukraine to distribute to the Ukrainian areas invaded by Russia. The Russians must be nuts to think that Ukrainians are going to allow any uninspected shipment to be supplied to Russian terrorists.

by: Marat Durov
June 29, 2014 5:46 PM
Ukrainian hunta stop killing innocent people , US,GB EU stop assist in murdering young and old in East of Ukraine

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