Australia is resisting mounting international pressure not to deport child asylum-seekers, with a minister warning Thursday that allowing them to stay could attract more refugees to come by boat.
Australia's three-year-old policy of paying the tiny Pacific nation of Nauru to accommodate asylum-seekers who attempt to reach Australian shores by boat survived a challenge in the High Court on Wednesday.
The test case ruling means 267 asylum-seekers, most of whom came from Nauru to Australia for medical treatment or to support a family member who needed treatment, face potential deportation back to Nauru.
Immigration Minister Peter Dutton said that asylum-seekers, including children, would be returned to Nauru once their medical needs had been met.
"We have to be compassionate on one hand, but we have to be realistic about the threat from people smugglers," Dutton told Australian Broadcasting Corp. radio. "We're acting in the best interests not only of these children, but children that would follow them."
The government has all but stopped the trafficking of asylum-seekers from the Middle East and Asia in rickety Indonesian fishing boats during the past two years by refusing to allow new arrivals to ever settle in Australia. The government argues that the policy has saved lives because asylum-seekers were no longer drowning at sea during long and treacherous voyages from Indonesian ports.
Human rights agencies have called for the asylum-seekers to be allowed to stay, with most focus on the 54 children and 37 Australian-born babies among them.
Several churches around Australia have declared themselves places of sanctuary for asylum-seekers facing deportation, a symbolic gesture that carries no legal consequences for authorities.
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Rupert Colville said amendments legislated by the government last year to safeguard its deal with Nauru against the High Court challenge "significantly contravenes the letter and spirit of international human rights law."
The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child reminded Australia that under the terms of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the best interests of the asylum-seeker children should be a primary consideration in deciding whether to deport them.
The Australian Human Rights Commission, a government-funded independent agency, reported that a medical team that had examined children held an immigration detention center in the Australian city of Darwin found that many had been severely traumatized by their experiences on Nauru.
The government said this week it was investigating a doctor's report that a 5-year-old boy currently in Australia had been raped on Nauru.