News / Asia

    Paranoid, Weary Bin Laden Fought Calls for 'Islamic State'

    FILE - This undated photo shows al Qaida leader Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan.
    FILE - This undated photo shows al Qaida leader Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan.
    Ken BredemeierJeff Seldin

    Osama bin Laden predicted the demise of the Islamic State (IS), warning before his death that any effort by jihadists to declare a caliphate before defeating the West would be doomed to fail.

    The insight is one of several emerging from 113 newly declassified documents, part of a trove found by U.S. Navy SEALs during the 2011 raid on bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, in which the al Qaida leader was killed.

    Written in Arabic and translated by U.S. intelligence, the notes and letters portray a hands-on administrator who had grown increasingly paranoid while struggling to keep the terror organization he founded from falling apart.

    “The movement is nothing like unified. It disagrees with itself all the time,” a senior U.S. intelligence official said of the documents, most of which date from 2009 to 2011. “You got to see the mess it was behind the scenes.”

    Osama bin Laden compound interactive graphic
    Osama bin Laden compound interactive graphic


    One of the biggest struggles was the growing schism between al Qaida’s central leadership and that of al Qaida in Iraq (AQI), the forerunner to the IS terror group, which was already expressing the strong desire to declare the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate before defeating the U.S. and the West.

    “Bin Laden argues not only is it illegitimate to do it this way… but if it’s done in this order it will fail,” the official said.

    “We should realize by now that in order to establish an Islamic State, we should destroy the international infidels because they are against an Islamic State no matter how little it is,” bin Laden wrote in a letter addressed to Abu Basir, an alias for Nasir al Wahayshi, the leader of al Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula.

    Bin Laden also expresses more practical concerns about setting the necessary conditions for a successful Islamist state, especially given AQI’s penchant for using extreme brutality while failing to avoid attacks on fellow Muslims.

    “It would fail because it had not earned popular support,” the official added. “He’s very critical of AQI attacking locals.”

    Another senior U.S. intelligence official familiar with the declassified documents said bin Laden and other core al Qaida officials also had practical concerns about long-term sustainability.

    “They were very strident about not declaring an Islamic state, particularly if you could not hold territory and provide for people,” the official said.

    This May 2, 2011, file photo shows Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, shortly after the U.S. raid in which the al-Qaida leader was killed.
    This May 2, 2011, file photo shows Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, shortly after the U.S. raid in which the al-Qaida leader was killed.

    Among other concerns was whether mujahideen could “bear the burden of running a country,” the officials said, adding bin Laden had come to the conclusion that they could not.

    And while bin Laden clearly foresaw a time when there would be an Islamic caliphate, his letters and notes provide little to indicate he saw himself playing a vital role.

    “Bin Laden never made reference to or indicated at any point that he would lead anything once this was over,” a senior intelligence official said. “He saw himself as a visionary.”


    The documents released Tuesday also show Osama bin Laden had become increasingly paranoid and restless while in hiding in Pakistan.

    In one instance, bin Laden, writing under the pseudonym Abu Abdallah, worried the U.S. might have followed his wife's visit to a dentist in Iran, and possibly implanted a tracking chip in a filling.

    "The size of the chip is about the length of a grain of wheat and the width of a fine piece of vermicelli," he wrote. At the end of the note, he instructed: "Please destroy this letter after reading it."

    In another instance, the al Qaida leader expressed concern that a tracking device might have been placed in a suitcase filled with cash in a ransom exchange for an Afghan prisoner who al-Qaida was holding.

    "It is important to get rid of the suitcase in which the funds are delivered, due to the possibility of it having a tracking chip in it," bin Laden wrote in a letter to an aide identified only as "Shaykh Mahmud."

    Worried about U.S. drones tracking al-Qaida activities, bin Laden told al-Qaida fighters they should not leave their rented house in the Pakistani city of Peshawar, "except on a cloudy overcast day."


    FILE - A translated copy of an application to join Osama bin Laden's terrorist network is seen on display in Washington, D.C., May 20, 2015. The document was among 100 released by U.S. intelligence officials.
    FILE - A translated copy of an application to join Osama bin Laden's terrorist network is seen on display in Washington, D.C., May 20, 2015. The document was among 100 released by U.S. intelligence officials.


    Losing touch

    An undated, unsigned document admitted that al-Qaida had executed four would-be volunteers on suspicion of spying, only to realize later they were probably innocent. "I did not mention this to justify what has happened," the writer said, adding, "We are in an intelligence battle, and humans are humans and no one is infallible."

    It also appears that despite bin Laden’s hands-on management style, he was also increasingly out of touch “with his organization’s capabilities” according to senior intelligence officials, even looking for pilots to carry out more attacks like the September 11, 2001 attacks on New York and Washington that killed more than 3,000 people.

    At the time, officials say, al Qaida was struggling to house and feed recruits, and even to get them into the fight.

    U.S. intelligence officials say one of the oldest documents released Tuesday was a hand-written will, dating to the time when the al Qaida founder lived in Sudan, between 1991 and 1996.

    In it, he claims to have about $29 million in personal wealth, most of which he wanted spent "on jihad, for the sake of Allah."

    The U.S. intelligence community released a first set of 103 declassified documents, as well as a list of English-language books that the terror mastermind had at his compound, in May 2015.

    Officials say they plan to disclose still more documents later this year.

    Jeff Seldin

    Jeff works out of VOA’s Washington headquarters and is national security correspondent. You can follow Jeff on Twitter at @jseldin or on Google Plus.

    You May Like

    Hope Remains for Rio Olympic Games

    Facing a host of problems, Rio prepares for holding the games but experts say some risks, like Zika, may not be as grave as initially thought

    IS Use of Social Media to Recruit, Radicalize Still a Top Threat to US

    Despite military gains against IS in Iraq and Syria, their internet propaganda still commands an audience; US officials see 'the most complex challenge that the federal government and industry face'

    ‘Time Is Now’ to Save Africa’s Animals From Poachers, Activist Says

    During Zimbabwe visit, African Wildlife Foundation President Kaddu Sebunya says poaching hurts Africa as slave trade once did

    This forum has been closed.
    Comment Sorting
    by: Guy Mullins from: South Africa
    March 03, 2016 4:59 AM
    The new book, Osama's Angel by Michael McWilliams from amazon speculates on the Abbottabad raid and its consequences.Bin Laden may have been captured and interrogated, revealing the whereabouts of his comrades. An ambitious plan to mount an even greater attack than 9-11 on New York is revealed. Al Shabaab being the organisation entrusted with carrying on the al Qaeda legacy.

    by: balaji ganapathy from: India
    March 02, 2016 1:13 AM
    9/11 is U.S.A's concern but it want whole world to take it as war on terrorism but WAIT in INDIA Pakistan supporting terror attacks happened regularly TARGETING AND KILLING INNOCENTS like 26/11 MUMBAI ATTACK,MUMBAI,DELHI,JAIPUR,HYDERABAD, PUNE,BLASTS etc etc yet it will be regional problem and it will never be mentioned as TERROR ATTACK BUT MILITANT ATTACK by WESTERN MEDIA'S DOUBLE STANDARD'S only when NATO ALLIES OR U.S.A were bombed or attacked it will be terror attack and this should be added to oxford dictionary for meaning of terrorism

    by: Anonymous
    March 01, 2016 11:02 PM
    Thanks for the clear language, rare these days.

    by: Johann Voss
    March 01, 2016 7:02 PM
    Leftist always complain about the deaths that were caused because of America's war on terror. I have but one question I want them to ask. How do you wage a war while having no civilian casualties? Does it truly shock them that civilian casualties surpassed the 3,000 that died on September 11?
    It's funny the world seemed to not care when entire populations of millions were bombed, killed and forced from homes in Germany while being doomed to Soviet enslavment in 1945.
    In Response

    by: Eric L from: New Jersey
    March 01, 2016 7:48 PM
    To which I reply the time has come for Ragnarok. The UNSC should coordinate megaton airbursts to destroy Daesh. History is punctuated by these perception-shattering events (like 9/11) and every human being alive is guilty of mass murder. Let's grow up together and become a global society that uses nuclear technology for peace.

    Al Qaeda and other networks are often little different from 'Anonymous' -they are a brand any disaffected person can take up. We need to acknowledge this and reject the narrative of more military spending toward one crusade or another.

    by: Tom from: 90210
    March 01, 2016 6:54 PM
    Anything "Made in USA" will fail. No?

    by: Zoom
    March 01, 2016 5:50 PM
    Who cares what a dead guy thinks

    by: kanaikaal irumporai
    March 01, 2016 1:32 PM
    US and Western media always shout about 3000 killed in the US, while making no balancing comparison of the numbers that were annihilated in US and Western military adventures in Afghnistan and Iraq, where the use of depleted uranium and other harmful substances not only killed children but caused birth defects to unborn. This mentality reflects that of the colonial era, when the enslaved were treated worse than animals. UN is a cover to continue this kinds of neocolonialism.
    In Response

    by: Dan from: US
    March 01, 2016 7:52 PM
    Overpopulation in Pakistan and Pakistan´s intelligence brought hell to Afganistan. Osama took the side of the Taliban and was actively involved in the killing of Masud (the Norther Aliance top fighter) before 9-11. Hand picking facts (true or not) without decent analysis will not help solve problems.
    In Response

    by: Foo Bar
    March 01, 2016 7:39 PM
    It is "Voice of America". The whole article is propaganda (and follows on the frequently-repeated disclosure that ol' binny-baby was an avid follower of Noam Chomsky, William Blum et al. and whomever else some simpleton in the State Dept decided they want to discredit).
    In Response

    by: deslok
    March 01, 2016 7:38 PM
    As far as I can tell we haven't got enough , yet !
    In Response

    by: Jim Floyd from: Seattle
    March 01, 2016 7:12 PM
    It doesn't mean squat in war. Know what happens in war? People die. It's always been this way. Collateral damage in today's war is far less than in previous conflicts due to technology advances.

    Don't like death from war? Than under no circumstance should one start or go into conflict with an entity that can reign down hell on you. No country has the ability to match what the US has in terms of military might and certainly no country that live in the stone age.
    In Response

    by: WestGuy
    March 01, 2016 7:05 PM
    How terribly naive. American citizens were never going to settle for anything less than terrible retribution when they were attacked in their homeland on 9/11. Why would they? They are indifferent to and largely ignorant of the grievances of the attackers, so there is no version of events in which such an attack would elicit any reaction but a demand for massive retaliation, however poorly directed. That might not be so worrying were it an idle threat, but they pay for a massive military complex to project power and inflict punishment should anyone be foolish enough to provoke them in such an ill-considered manner.

    The American government's responses to attacks on their interests around the globe prior to 9/11 were consistently proportional, and had Al Quaeda limited itself to those overseas targets, that pattern would likely have continued. It is difficult to imagine how that scenario would be worse for Al Quaeda or its agenda than what has happened to it since 2000. With the American electorate now on high alert regarding the dire threat they now perceive (however exaggerated) to their personal safety, their political leaders are equally on a hair trigger, desperate to avoid appearing "soft" in response to any similar future provocations. Daesh might have felt it worthwhile to attack Europe for whatever reason, but repeating that performance in the U.S. would be quite literally suicidal, and likely to lead to mass destruction and death on a scale that would AT LEAST match what happened in Iraq after 9/11.

    The Americans have lost their appetite for Middle East adventures for the time being, and many are beginning to question some of the excesses of their War on Terror. This should not confuse outside observers, as all this internal debate and second guessing will slam to a halt in the aftermath of any future attack on the American homeland. The only concerns will be efforts to lessen the burden on American troops and reduce fighting costs, and the consequences of that for future "adversaries" are not going to be pretty. Worse, the general attitude will be a perceived need to "finish the job" because the previous response was TOO WEAK, and one shudders to think what that may mean.

    If this seems unfair, aggrieved parties like yourself need to think through the realities of our time. Things may not always be this way, but they are definitely that way now. Whining about the hell that Al Qaeda brought down on themselves and innocent bystanders (more or less intentionally, having badly miscalculated the scale of the American response) won't find a sympathetic ear among those that wield American military power or the voters to whom they answer. Americans have no interest in Middle Eastern "colonialism" - but they similarly have no qualms about scorching other people's earth by the square mile if they deem those people a credible threat to the safety of Americans in their homes. Complain about that all you like - but if you cross certain red lines, you will undoubtedly soon be a red smear.
    In Response

    by: kiljoy616 from: USA
    March 01, 2016 7:00 PM
    The winners not only make history but have no reason to acknowledge mistakes. This has not changed. He who rules gets to make stuff up any way they want.
    In Response

    by: OldCarMan from: MI USA
    March 01, 2016 6:57 PM
    That doesn't explain the complete lack of progress, invention, education since 700 AD in the Middle East.

    What is stupid, is that Iran & Saudi Arabia are already caliphates. How is THAT working for them, let alone the uneducated daesh barbarians?
    In Response

    by: Unforgiven1 from: Baltimore, MD
    March 01, 2016 6:30 PM
    It's true that the U.S. has killed far more people in Afghanistan, Iraq, and other countries around the world in the fight against Islamic jihad than were killed in the 9/11 attacks. Do you know who has killed far more Muslims, including children, women and old men? The Islamic Jihadists. So when speaking of mentality, question first the mentality of Muslims. Because in comparison, the misery that Muslims have unleashed upon their fellow Muslims is far beyond anything that "Western military adventures" have done. Get your house in order first. After that, you will find that the West really doesn't care much about anything other than living in peace and making money.

    The history of civilization has been constant about one thing. A house divided against itself can not endure. The current state of the Islamic world is unsustainable. The Middle East is on an express highway to complete failure. The only reason the West is in the Middle East is oil. By the end of this century Middle East oil will be irrelevant. The clock is ticking on the Islamic Middle East. Once the West no longer needs the oil, the West will leave the Middle East to its own devices. If the tribalism and sectarianism is not resolved by then, the once mighty, beautiful and wise civilization that Islam once represented will go the way of ancient Egypt and Babylonia.
    In Response

    March 01, 2016 6:21 PM
    It would seem tragic except for the eternal rewards such as access to 72 virgins. But I have always wondered where Mohamed manages to find so many.
    In Response

    by: Anonymous
    March 01, 2016 6:17 PM
    Interesting. Why was the US in Iraq or Afghanistan???
    In Response

    by: TruthSayer from: US
    March 01, 2016 6:17 PM
    Nice try...depleted uranium cannot cause harm to a human unless ingested. Were children walking around eating the spent shells?

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    Ivorian Chocolate Makers Promote Locally-made Chocolatei
    July 29, 2016 4:02 PM
    Ivory Coast is the world's top producer of cocoa but hardly any of it is processed into chocolate there. Instead, the cocoa is sent abroad to chocolate makers in Europe and elsewhere. This is a general problem throughout Africa – massive exports of raw materials but few finished goods. As Emilie Iob reports from Abidjan, several Ivorian entrepreneurs are working to change that formula - 100 percent Ivorian chocolate bar at a time.

    Video Ivorian Chocolate Makers Promote Locally-made Chocolate

    Ivory Coast is the world's top producer of cocoa but hardly any of it is processed into chocolate there. Instead, the cocoa is sent abroad to chocolate makers in Europe and elsewhere. This is a general problem throughout Africa – massive exports of raw materials but few finished goods. As Emilie Iob reports from Abidjan, several Ivorian entrepreneurs are working to change that formula - 100 percent Ivorian chocolate bar at a time.

    Video Tesla Opens Battery-Producing Gigafactory

    Two years after starting to produce electric cars, U.S. car maker Tesla Motors has opened the first part of its huge battery manufacturing plant, which will eventually cover more than a square kilometer. Situated close to Reno, Nevada, the so-called Gigafactory will eventually produce more lithium-ion batteries than were made worldwide in 2013. VOA's George Putic reports.

    Video Polio-affected Afghan Student Fulfilling Her Dreams in America

    Afghanistan is one of only two countries in the world where children still get infected by polio. The other is Pakistan. Mahbooba Akhtarzada who is from Afghanistan, was disabled by polio, but has managed to overcome the obstacles caused by this crippling disease. VOA's Zheela Nasari caught up with Akhtarzada and brings us this report narrated by Bronwyn Benito.

    Video Hillary Clinton Promises to Build a 'Better Tomorrow'

    Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton urged voters Thursday not to give in to the politics of fear. She vowed to unite the country and move it forward if elected in November. Clinton formally accepted the Democratic Party's nomination at its national convention in Philadelphia. VOA national correspondent Jim Malone has more.

    Video Trump Tones Down Praise for Russia

    Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump is toning down his compliments for Russia and Vladimir Putin as such rhetoric got him in trouble recently. After calling on Russia to find 30.000 missing emails from rival Hillary Clinton, Trump told reporters he doesn't know Putin and never called him a great leader, just one who's better than President Barack Obama. Putin has welcomed Trump's overtures, but, as Zlatica Hoke reports, ordinary Russians say they are not putting much faith in Trump.

    Video Uganda Unveils its First Solar-powered Bus

    A solar-powered bus described by its Ugandan makers as the first in Africa has made its public debut. Kiira Motors' electric bus, Kayoola, displayed recently at a stadium in Uganda's capital. From Kampala, Maurice Magorane filed this report narrated by Salem Solomon.

    Video Silicon Valley: More Than A Place, It's a Culture

    Silicon Valley is a technology powerhouse and a place that companies such as Google, Facebook and Apple call home. It is a region in northern California that stretches from San Francisco to San Jose. But, more than that, it's known for its startup culture. VOA's Elizabeth Lee went inside one company to find out what it's like to work in a startup.

    Video Immigrant Delegate Marvels at Democratic Process

    It’s been a bitter and divisive election season – but first time Indian-American delegate Dr. Shashi Gupta headed to the Democratic National Convention with a sense of hope. VOA’s Katherine Gypson followed this immigrant with the love of U.S. politics all the way to Philadelphia.

    Video Dutch Entrepreneurs Turn Rainwater Into Beer

    June has been recorded as one of the wettest months in more than a century in many parts of Europe. To a group of entrepreneurs in Amsterdam the rain came as a blessing, as they used the extra water to brew beer. Serginho Roosblad has more to the story.

    Video Commerce Thrives on US-Mexico Border

    At the Democratic Convention in Philadelphia this week, the party’s presumptive presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton, is expected to attack proposals made by her opponent, Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. Last Friday, President Barack Obama hosted his Mexican counterpart, President Enrique Peña Nieto, to underscore the good relations between the two countries. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports from Tucson.

    Video Film Helps Save Ethiopian Children Thought to be Cursed

    'Omo Child' looks at effort of African man to stop killings of ‘mingi’ children

    Video London’s Financial Crown at Risk as Rivals Eye Brexit Opportunities

    By most measures, London rivals New York as the only true global financial center. But Britain’s vote to leave the European Union – so-called ‘Brexit’ – means the city could lose its right to sell services tariff-free across the bloc, risking its position as Europe’s financial headquarters. Already some banks have said they may shift operations to the mainland. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora