News / Asia

    China's Coal Consumption Drops

    FILE - Miners wait in lines to shower during a break near a coal mine in Heshun county, Shanxi province, Dec. 5, 2014.
    FILE - Miners wait in lines to shower during a break near a coal mine in Heshun county, Shanxi province, Dec. 5, 2014.
    Shannon Van Sant

    After heavy smog cloaked the cities of eastern China in recent years, Beijing vowed to cut air pollution, and the government's efforts seem to be having an impact, with some help from the slowing economy.

    China's coal consumption dropped 3.7 percent in 2015, following a drop of nearly 3 percent the year before.

    "China is very serious about tackling air pollution, which is leading to all kinds of measures targeting the most important polluting sectors," said Lauri Myllyvirta, a senior global coal campaigner at Greenpeace.

    Coal burning is the biggest source of carbon dioxide emissions, and falling consumption has helped reduce the country's emissions. China is the world's top emitter of greenhouse gases, and emissions soared over the past two decades of rapid economic growth.

    But last year, China's carbon dioxide emissions fell 2.5 percent.

    Clean energy leads to drop in coal consumption

    China's shift to clean energy sources such as hydro, nuclear and solar have resulted in a drop in coal consumption and emissions, as has the country's slowing economy, which increasingly relies less on heavy industry such as construction, steel and cement production.

    The government's efforts to transform the economy away from manufacturing and towards the service sector also means factories need less coal to fuel their declining production.

    FILE - In this Aug. 21, 2015 photo, a Chinese man works amid orange robot arms at Rapoo Technology factory in southern Chinese industrial boomtown of Shenzhen.
    FILE - In this Aug. 21, 2015 photo, a Chinese man works amid orange robot arms at Rapoo Technology factory in southern Chinese industrial boomtown of Shenzhen.



    China's economic transition will take several years, and environmentalists like Ma Jun say more work needs to be done. 

    "If we truly want to reduce coal consumption and our carbon emissions, we need to restructure our industries which are still focused on energy intensive industry," said Ma.

    Changing energy sources poses challenges

    As China balances the need to restructure its economy with the potential of high unemployment and social instability, maintaining the decline of coal consumption and carbon dioxide emissions could be a challenge.

    Last week, China announced 1.8 million workers in the steel and cement industries will lose their jobs, as the government shuts down so-called "zombie" factories and companies that produce little output.

    Local governments, fearful of labor protests and needing to prop up employment and GDP, have proposed the construction of more than 200 coal plants across the country.

    FILE - Smoke billows from a coal-fired power plant in Beijing, China, Nov. 13, 2014.
    FILE - Smoke billows from a coal-fired power plant in Beijing, China, Nov. 13, 2014.



    Transition to less use of coal will not be easy

    Peter Marsters, a Research Analyst at Rhodium Group which focuses on Chinese environmental and energy issues, said this tension between the current transition in China's economy and the demands for economic stimulus will determine whether coal consumption has reached its peak.

    "You know what we're really looking at in the energy story is just the transition from energy intensive growth to service sector, less energy intensive growth, and how China completes that transition will be the story of energy and climate for the next 10 years," he said.

    China has announced big goals for emission reduction over the next several years. The government says 20 percent of China's total energy use will be from carbon-free sources by 2030. President Xi Jinping has announced that China's greenhouse gas emissions will peak by that year as well. 

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    Comments
         
    by: Marcus Aurelius II from: NJ USA
    March 09, 2016 1:10 PM
    China's coal consumption is dropping but is it because it is converting to other sources like mostly oil or is its demand for electricity dropping because the demand for it in a failing economy is falling.

    As manufacturing falls, service can remain the same but be a larger percentage of China's economy. A lot of people are using numbers to deliberately pump up China's image. It's the last vestige of the illusion that China is a world power and not a greasy back door sweat shop to manufacture American products at low cost and with no regard for the environment. Anyway for China, protecting its environment is too little too late.

    by: Donald Fraser Miles from: Elliot Lake, Canada
    March 09, 2016 5:24 AM
    It is my belief that nuclear radiation as in nuclear power may act to break down carbon molecules into petroleum such as natural gas and oil. If this is the case, devices could be designed to scrub the carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere by radiating the carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted by coal burning for example. This is worth experimental testing as it has high yield if correct. Petroleum in our planet's geology may have been produced by the planet's natural nuclear radiation acting on carbon in the environment.

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