News / Asia

China's PLA to Troops: Prepare for War

Chinese sailors march during a parade at a training base of China's North Sea Fleet in Qingdao in east China's Shandong province on Monday, March 5, 2012.Chinese sailors march during a parade at a training base of China's North Sea Fleet in Qingdao in east China's Shandong province on Monday, March 5, 2012.
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Chinese sailors march during a parade at a training base of China's North Sea Fleet in Qingdao in east China's Shandong province on Monday, March 5, 2012.
Chinese sailors march during a parade at a training base of China's North Sea Fleet in Qingdao in east China's Shandong province on Monday, March 5, 2012.
As tensions between China and Japan escalate, China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has been told to prepare for war in a training directive issued by the General Staff Headquarters, which oversees the entire PLA.

“The PLA and the Chinese People’s Armed Police Force (APF) should focus closely on the objective of being able to fight and winning battle, vigorously strengthen real-combat-like military training, practice and innovate the training mode under information-based conditions and intensify efforts to cultivate new-type and high-caliber military personnel,” according to a reference to the directive on the English version of the People’s Liberation Army Daily, the official newspaper of the PLA. The directive was issued in Chinese and is entitled “Instructions on the PLA’s Military Training in 2013.”

Past directives have largely focused on coordination among the various PLA branches, in contrast to the strong language of this year’s version.

“What has attracted attention is that the directive has called on Chinese forces to be prepared to fight using a particular Chinese term,” said Taylor Fravel, an expert on Chinese foreign policy and security at MIT.

The term, according to a report in the South China Morning Post, is dazhang, which means “fighting wars.” The phrase did not appear in last year’s directive.

While the official directive does not mention Japan, a commentary about the directive also appearing in the People’s Liberation Army Daily makes clear that Japan is the would-be adversary.

Citing escalating tensions with Japan over the ongoing dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, the commentary claims the new administration of Japanese  Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is working to “draw” Vietnam, the Philippines and other East Asian countries together “to contain China.”

“Japan’s Self-Defense Forces have held very frequent drills focused on the Diaoyu Islands for the past days, and boasted of firing warning shots at China’s marine surveillance ships,” according to the commentary, which is signed by Guo Jianyue, a senior reporter at the newspaper. “This confrontation between China and Japan, which has been so rare since World War II, has escalated from the original air force mutual monitoring over the waters around the Diaoyu Islands to the verge of war.”

Despite the rhetoric, Allen Carlson, an associate professor of government at Cornell University, said China could be merely sabre rattling.

“I still think, and perhaps I am wrong, that most of this is bluffing, an extreme form of such an action, and not one that is not without the risk of escalation, but still falls short of an actual declaration of war, and from direct military engagement,” he said. 

Carlson added that China has not engaged in direct military conflict of any sustained kind since 1979 with Vietnam.

“Now, past performance is no guarantee of future outcomes, but until this line is crossed, I will continue to think that Beijing is likely to want to stop short of it,” he said.

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by: farrukh from: karachi
February 04, 2013 3:00 AM
Ikeda, a Buddhist philosopher, peace builder and author, in his recent proposal focused on action toward abolition of nuclear weapons, the need to address poverty and ways of improving relations between China and Japan. Some countries have already given up nuclear weapons, showing that it is possible for a nation to be secure without them. He proposed a good idea to resolve common problems through joint efforts which can create opportunities for young people from China and Japan to work together toward a common goal. I hope this peace proposal will create a good impact and achieve his noble goal.
http://www.arabpressreleases.qa/general/3855

by: Heath from: United States
January 19, 2013 11:56 PM
Countries are always going to train thier armies, And flex thier muscles from time to time. Let's hope that's as far as it goes. With all the issues in the middle east, And this, Well thats like dry grass, gasoline and a match. We can't survive a WW3

by: Redcliff from: Aus
January 19, 2013 8:14 PM
@ Remie

Firstly you should stop rambling on and read carefully my comments regarding China raising its citizen standard of living before you reply to it. Sound like you have not read carefully nor diligently on this point.

Second point I can recollect of our initial contact through this forum on the Spratly issue and until to day I have not even heard any of your supporting evidence on your claim so what debate did you say have took place when all you did was to evade the subject.

When you say Tibet is a separate country I assumed you have checked with the United Nation member countries that this has been declared or you are just day dreaming when you wrote this comment.

Thirdly if you stop speculating on issues that are airy fairy and read some relevant information and present some factual information to this forum others including I will consider that you have made a balance contribution.

I do always reply to pro China commentators and I do also agreed with some anti China commentators' comments that offered suggestions of how to improve on China current issues and not denouncing China at every account, unfortunately the comments by you and other anti China commentators in this forum do not fit that profile. I am sure when you have decided that you can make balanced judgement I would engage in a more positive manner.

by: Remie from: Canada
January 19, 2013 6:50 AM
@redcliff,
Wangchuk is well inform of history and his facts are dead on. It is your brainwash, bias and fabricate Chinese history that is off. China for 30 odd years use the soft politics to get their rise. Now that they feel they are strong enough , PRC will make noise.
You said China surpass all ASEAN nation in standard living but that is another fabrication of your brothers. Singapore is one example which counters your claim, and your gap between rich and poor is still amoung the worst in the world .
What can your little brain not comprehend? Tibet is separate country. They wish to be on their own and not occupied. Their culture and language is totally different. Your "ancient time "again is very selective .
As for Vietnam and the Spratley Island debate we had . Again Selective history is being use, if it is even true . Chinese have reputation of making up or changing history. South Vietnam control those island when the North Vietnam prime minister made an unclaim comment. Redcliff , if Taiwan gave away Hanian Province to Vietnam would it be legit? Of course not , you get the picture or your too Bias.
Finally I see you are commenting to every anti china comment so I am starting to believe you are being paid by the PRC. :p






by: Igor from: Russia
January 19, 2013 12:01 AM
Hey Redcliff, do you know how many times Chinese dynasties invaded Vietnam, Korea, Mongolia...in history? Pls visit the following websites: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_invasions_of_Vietnam, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Vietnam,
Vietnamese Dynasties used to pay tributes to Chinese ones? Why? That was one of several diplomatic solutions to avoid being invaded and swallowed by Chinese Dynasties. Do you think they really wanted to pay tributes to China???
In Response

by: Redcliff from: Aus
January 19, 2013 8:23 PM
@ Igor from Russia

Do you have the habit of researching your information from wikipedia and claimed that all information are factual. You can only source from wikepedia to have a general view and no serious research person would solely depends on wikipedia for information to present their reports or thesis.
Please do yourself a favour and read other relevant documents or paper presented by imminent persons.

by: Wangchuk from: NYC
January 18, 2013 9:54 AM
The PRC is very hegemonistic. They want China to be the Middle Kingdom again. The PRC invaded Tibet & E. Turkestan in 1949, India in 1962 and Vietnam in 1979. Now they are claming sovereignty over the entire S. China Sea and several islands that belong to Japan, Vietnam & the Philippines. Asian nations & the US should prepare for possible conflict w/ the PRC b/c of its imperialist & hegemonistic policies.
In Response

by: Redcliff from: Aus
January 18, 2013 8:49 PM
@ Wangchuk from NYC

Sound like you are just a parrot repeating what all those anti-China paid by the Japanese propaganda officials in other news media forum.

You should really try to research and find out the events that gave rise to the conflicts with India and Vietnam and with regard to Tibet you should read the history and familiarized yourself of its willingness of Tibet to be part of China in the Yuan Dynasty, before you copied other comments and post it on this forum.

By the way for your information I have no connection with the PRC nor am I a PRC citizen or a paid 50c to post online as you and all those copy cats proclaimed.

As with your comment that PRC promote making money instead of promoting Socialism. Every country engages in trade and promotes efficient management of its economy to endeavour to improves its citizen social welfare and living standard. It does not matter whether the country is a democratic or a socialist state. These are the basic aims of every country unless you are totally ignorant or you have been living in other planet.

No one could forced China to loosen its absolute power and tolerate no challenges policy but China itself. I for one would like to see changes to this area hopefully from the new leader of China but under such system of government changes do always take time. It takes China 30 odd years from Communist to be more of a moderate socialist state and to become one of the largest economy is already considered a miracle but it could improves on by giving its citizens a larger say in the running of the country.
Further more China has more than a billion people and just to feed and clothed them and provide employment is no small task.
Compare to many other nations globally in particular to its Asian neighbours like Vietnam, Philippines Thailand and other ASEAN members it has exceede these countries by greatly risen their citizen living standard from a very low point to the present level with an increasing level of middle income group. Its technical know how in certain areas have already surpassed Japan.
One should give credit instead of pouring cold water over it, just like your ignorant and bias comments.

As with all these conflicts with its neighbours my reading of them was that China is endeavouring to resolve these through discussions and negotiations and I am sure these are being taken place without our knowledge. I for one would like to see a peaceful Asian Region rather than one which continuously in conflict and so you should too.. It does no good for our next generation and beyond.

So Wangchuk from NYC why don't you just open your eyes and read broadly instead of being a frog in the well and accusing others who write some positive information on China as some 50c paid by CCP post online. As I have said before go and read up other news media the pro and the anti China articles and make a more balanced judgement and stop harbouring stereotype attitude.

by: Redcliff from: Aus
January 18, 2013 3:06 AM
@ Yi Xu

I think you are in different era. This is 2013 not 1950s and1960s. Mao era has long gone. Today China is a developing country and open to foreign investments. It trades with countries globally and is a member of the United Nation and a permanent member of the Security Council.

You should google to find out more about China of this Century before you continue stuck yourself in the China's 1950s and 1960s era. Move on Yi Xu
In Response

by: Wangchuk from: NYC
January 18, 2013 9:59 AM
China is different from the Mao era. Instead of promoting socialism, they promote making money at any cost. Instead of instigating revolutions in Africa & Asia, they make deals w/ the local govt to exploit resources & the local people. Instead of fighting capitalist dictatorships, they do business w/ them. But the Party still has absolute power & tolerates no challenges to their rule and they still engage in colonialism in Tibet & Xinjiang. So it's a mix of old-style Maoism/Leninism dictatorship mixed w/ capitalism to make money (at least for the Party).

by: Igor from: Russia
January 17, 2013 11:46 PM
Do you know why China is a vast country today? The answer is simple: Unlike Russia, Canada, Australia, China is the result of constant invasion of many victim countries by stronger ones for thousands of years, from Three Sovereigns and the Five Emperors to "Mao Dynasty" following the principle "Big fishes eat smaller ones" to create China today. Some countries escaped the process including Vietnam, Korea, Mongolia...So the invading nature of China remains unchanged. It tends to swallow smaller countries, territories step by step. Japan only invaded some contries during WW2 (a short time compared with China's invasions lasting for thousands of years). So China is the big threat in the 21 century. If you are not united, you will be swallowed by China, sooner or later.
In Response

by: Redcliff from: Aus
January 18, 2013 9:12 PM
@ Igor from Russia

The history of China stretches thousand of years. Most China then were under various small kingdoms and during the Spring Autumn Period feudal lords fought among themselves to enlarged their territories. it was Shi Huang Di who unified them. As you seems to know some Chinese history I need not further elaborate. Unifying one nations is not like invading other countries therefore the term invasion you so expounded is incorrect.

Mongolian is one of the largest ethic race of China. I believe you lack of understanding in this area. In the past Korea and Vietnam paid tributes to China under the tributary system.

During WWII Japan invaded China and other Asian Nations, it also occupied their territories until China and the Allied Forces defeated Japan. Japan military personnel who committed war crime were brought to justice, some have slipped the net but at least most of them been caught and dealt with.

Your comments that China invaded countries more than Japan does not telly in accordance to history. You might like to sight some of these invasions by China in the past to justify your claim.

by: JKF from: Ottawa, Canada
January 17, 2013 11:08 PM
I do not want to see a war between Japan or China no one would benefit, especially not for us in the West, for China is our global factory. Given that some people failed to understand my posts, I will simplify them, essentially the issues are:
1. Wars come about by countries needing resources/ land /seas, because they have expanded their outputs beyond their country's capacity to provide the necessary resources;
2. Wars come about when a country believes, that it has the military capacity to easily overcome the defenses of its prospective victim nation;
3. When a militarly less capable nation, is faced by a threat from a more capable nation, the less capable nation needs to form alliances with many nations, to gather a military capacity equal or greater than the military capacity of the threathening larger nation.
4. Wars also start by stupid miscalculations of the intentions and perceptions between competeing nations.

One I did not mention before, wars about ideologies....
The whole issue for stability is deterrence, when deterrence fails, wars can follow.

by: Redcliff from: Aus
January 17, 2013 10:51 PM
@ Schneider of B.R. Deutchland

Yes it was heartening to see the Leader of Germany to fall on his knee to ask for forgiveness from the Holocaust victims I wished the Japanese Leader would do the same for killing more than 300,000 Chinese in the City of Nanking alone and thousands more Chinese in other parts of China.
Instead of follow the German Leader some Japanese even publicly denied this brutal act did occur because Japanese history text books do not list all the brutalities and the atrocious acts did by the Japan Military in the WWII.

Your comment that PRC is a country of imperialism that is out of time nowadays. This statement is confusing and without logic.
First of all you have not supported your comment with facts how China is country of imperialism. Secondly you should look more carefully at the current situation of Japan which resembling the Japan before WWII- The current king is still to Japanese descended from God, has a weak economy, has a right nationalist government and nationalized China territory illegally. All these fit the picture of its past before WWII.
In Response

by: Wangchuk from: NYC
January 18, 2013 10:05 AM
Sounds like Redcliff is yet another member of the 50 Cent Party sent by the CCP to post online messages to defend & apologize for the CCP's actions & policies.
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