News / Africa

    Opponents Blame Muslim Brotherhood for Egyptian Leader's 'Overreach'

    Egyptian protesters clash with security forces near Tahrir square in Cairo, Egypt, November 28, 2012.
    Egyptian protesters clash with security forces near Tahrir square in Cairo, Egypt, November 28, 2012.
    Elizabeth Arrott
    Hundreds of Egyptians continued to demonstrate for a sixth consecutive day against President Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday as two of Egypt's highest courts said they will suspend work in protest of his decree last week granting himself judicial immunity.  

    Police fired tear gas into a crowd of stone-throwing protesters on a street near the U.S. Embassy in Cairo. Other demonstrators staged a sit-in at Tahrir Square, the epicenter of protests during last year's ouster of Morsi's predecessor, Hosni Mubarak.

    The recent, ongoing protests are not just against Morsi, but also against the Muslim Brotherhood, the organization from which he came. Opposition groups are calling for the brotherhood's spiritual leader to get out of the way.

    Mohamed Morsi

    • Removed from power on July 3, 2013 after massive protests
    • Elected president in June, 2012-Led the Muslim Brotherhood's political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party
    • Elected to parliament in 2005
    • Received a PhD from University of Southern California in 1982
    • Born in Sharqiya in the Nile Delta in 1951
    It is a stunning reversal for an organization that spent decades building good will among Egyptians, playing the long game of combining charity work and prayer to win hearts and minds.
     
    It largely paid off. In June, its presidential candidate, Morsi, proved to many liberal and secular voters the better choice to lead a post-revolution society.

    Morsi granted himself new powers in a November 22 decree, though, that bars the judiciary from challenging his decisions. The president says the decrees are designed to protect state institutions.

    Morsi later promised the Supreme Judicial Council that he will restrict his newly self-granted powers to "sovereign matters." The vaguely worded statement, however, did not define the issues over which he would have absolute power.

    In a move that could help resolve the political crisis, the assembly drafting a new constitution said it would complete work Wednesday on a final draft later. Three assembly members said a vote on the draft by the assembly was planned for Thursday. A new constitution would override Morsi's current moves.

    But many liberals and other opponents of Morsi have in recent weeks ended participation in the assembly, which is dominated by Islamists. They say their voices are not being heard.

    Dangerous play
     
    Mustafa el-Labbad, director of the Al Sharq Center for Regional and Strategic Studies, said Morsi is in dangerous political waters.
     
    "If Mr. Morsi is not smart enough to step back from his declaration I think it would be a challenge not only for his constitutional declaration but for the whole legitimacy of Mr. Morsi and the legitimacy of the brotherhood," he said. "So it is a game with higher stakes now."
     
    When elected, Morsi ended his official ties with the Muslim Brotherhood and its political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party, promising to be the president of all Egyptians.
     
    American University in Cairo professor Said Sadek said the president's initial steps after taking over from the interim military council showed promise.
     
    "Dr. Morsi managed in the first two months to please Egyptians, even the skeptical people who opposed him and people who did not vote to him, by getting rid of the military generals and also taking some symbolic stances just to show that he is independent in his own foreign policy," he said.
     
    But the president's pledge to present a diverse executive branch foundered, with key positions on both national and local levels being stacked with members of the Brotherhood.

    Judiciary hampered

    Now, with the decrees handed down by Morsi last week, the check to such influence - the judicial branch - has been rendered at least temporarily impotent.
     
    "Many people in Egypt are afraid now that the Muslim Brotherhood is going to take over the whole state," said political analyst Labbad. "The brotherhood and the chief of the brotherhood is not elected. All the others are not elected. What they are going to do in the presidency, in the different institutions of the society, in police, intelligence, army? So what are they doing there? And I think it is a turning point."
     
    That turning point appears to be a long-elusive unity among secular forces, bringing nationalists, secularists, liberals and old guard members together and out in force on Cairo's Tahrir Square and other scenes of protest across the country.
     
    Many of those opponents say it is political hubris - success at brokering a cease-fire in Gaza and the preliminary promises of Western loans - that prompted what some are calling a classic case of overreach.
     
    Sadek said the Muslim Brotherhood simply has failed to keep up with the times. Its political instincts, and those who came from it, he contends, are too deeply rooted in the Egypt of before the revolution.

    "They still act like the old, using old tactics and old policies and old ideas, which had been rejected," he said. "Now you have a modern Egypt. You have Egyptians in the last two years exposed to intensive political discourse."

    Watch related video of anti-Morsi protesters in Cairo

    Limits on discourse
     
    Morsi's decrees put limits on that national discourse, a move he said is necessary to push through a new constitution and elections for a new parliament.
     
    Critics counter that the new constitution would favor Islamists, a trend some see even in the actions of Morsi's wife after two deaths during the recent unrest.   

    One was a young man from the April 6 protest movement, the other a teenager supporting the Brotherhood.

    "The wife of the president did not attend the funeral of the first, she only attended the funeral of the other one: as if this is a tribe, a clan and a family affair, but the rest of the Egyptians do not mean anything," Sadek said.
     
    Political analysts express concern this feeling of polarization is likely to grow in the coming days, with no signs of compromise in sight.

    Egypt's Cassation and Appeals courts said Wednesday they would go on strike until the Supreme Constitutional Court rules on the president's order granting himself immunity from judicial review.

    The constitutional court has accused Morsi of an unjustified attack on its independence. In a statement released Wednesday, the court rejected charges made by the president that it is working to bring down his government.

    • Protesters chant anti-government slogans in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, November 30, 2012.
    • Protesters in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, November 30, 2012.
    • Merchants sell bread to protesters, some of whom have camped out in tents since last week, as opposition groups plan to gather for a rally in Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 30, 2012.
    • Youths climb a wall that was built by police to prevent clashes between protesters and police at Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 29, 2012.
    • Youths walk next to a pirate flag on display by a street vendor in Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 29, 2012.
    • Riot police and protesters throw stones at one another during clashes near Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 28, 2012.
    • Protesters run during clashes with police near Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 28, 2012.
    • A protester carries stones to throw at the police during clashes near Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 28, 2012.
    • A protester reads the Wafd, a local newspaper next to tents occupied by protesters in Tahrir Square, in Cairo, Egypt, November 28, 2012.
    • A shot of Tahrir Square in Cairo as night falls, November 27, 2012. (J. Weeks/VOA)
    • Egyptian security forces arrest a protester during clashes near Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 27, 2012.
    • An Egyptian protester blows a stadium horn as he gestures at a cordon of security forces near Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, November 27, 2012.
    • A protester throws stones at riot police during clashes at Tahrir Square in Cairo November 26, 2012.
    • Egyptians attend the funeral of youth activist Gaber Salah, also known as Gika, at the Omar Makram mosque in Cairo, November 26, 2012.
    • An Egyptian protester runs during clashes with security forces near Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, November 25, 2012.

    VOA'S Mark Snowiss contributed to this report from Washington.

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    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: JayTee from: United States
    November 28, 2012 10:56 PM
    Buyer's remorse? It's not good when someone's true colors emerge in mere weeks. It's even worse when those true colors are totalitarian. I hope Morsi's enemies outnumber his supporters, and are willing to stake their lives and fortunes on removing him from power. This is always what tyranny comes to.

    by: James M. Weir
    November 28, 2012 5:42 PM
    I wrote a post in the am correcting this story's assertion that there were hundreds protesting when it was actually many thousands. Funny I don't see it here. Very selective censoring.
    In Response

    by: Me from: TR
    November 29, 2012 8:57 AM
    If you look at this picture, http://gdb.voanews.eu/9916E64E-360B-4890-979B-A64FAC49D9AA_mw1024_mh768_s.jpg - you'll see its thousands. Why do you think you are being intentionally censored when the story itself has a photo that backs your assertion?

    by: Not Egyptian
    November 28, 2012 4:48 PM
    What does Morsi think will happen if he keeps breaking all the promises he made to be elected? Surely another revolution will arise to throw him out as noone wanted to replace a dictator with another dictator.

    by: Hive Truth
    November 28, 2012 2:19 PM
    Does this mean I get to blame the Christians when Republicans or Democrats overreach?
    In Response

    by: James M. Weir
    November 28, 2012 5:47 PM
    Why don't you stay focused on the thread. Egypt.

    by: ali baba from: new york
    November 28, 2012 1:41 PM
    what do you expect from muslim brotherhood .they long history of violents and cause problem
    In Response

    by: Isis from: Cairo, Egypt
    November 28, 2012 3:54 PM
    True that is why I voted for Shafik in the run off. Most people I know unfortunately did not vote bec. Shafik was part of Mubarak's regime and at the same time they hate the Muslim Brotherhood. Although I do not like Shafik I believe he shouldn't be allowed to run after the revolution I had no choice and I still thought that it would be wiser to vote for ANYONE but the Morsi /Muslim Brotherhood . It turned out I made the right choice. Not voting was just like voting for the MB.

    by: Frank from: McCulley
    November 28, 2012 1:30 PM
    why are the people in these pictures always throwing rocks, tear gas, etc...???
    You MUST obey! Play by ther rules that are imposed on you. If you don't want to, get out....
    No matter where, no matter what the topic is - you can't please all the people all the time. That's just reality.

    by: Vis8 from: USA
    November 28, 2012 12:58 PM
    Hillary Clinton's "favorite Aide in Chief" and Muslim Brotherhood member Huma Abedin's wishes and dreams have been made to come true by Obama and NATO... Soon, we'll be sending shiploads of troops to fight the same jihad hooligans that we are supporting, now. Foolish and short-sighted 'foreign policy'

    by: Emilio from: Canada
    November 28, 2012 12:03 PM
    I praised Morsi when he participated to Clinton's Forum. But this is unacceptable. He has the tools of democracy to proceed in renovating Egypt. He should even consider the tools of autocracy. Now the suspicion that with him it is going to be the usual cheat of religious leaders, i.e. “One man one vote one time” has become a real threat. Someone should advise Morsi that Egypt and the Egyptians deserve much better.
    In Response

    by: Ahmed Shehata from: Canada
    November 28, 2012 4:47 PM
    You have to see the full picture to understand the situation, the supreme court which is appointed by Mubarak, has canceled the first democratically elected Parlaimant and their judges are openly talking about canceling the senate, the constitution committee and temoving the president from his office, so all he did is protected himself and all the democratically elected entities from this court. if it is up to the supreme court they will put Mubarak back the whole revolution is simply illegal.

    by: Michael from: USA
    November 28, 2012 8:31 AM
    Warning: Adult material. This post is intended for adults. Children should please stop reading. The Egyptian president charges that the Court is trying to bring down the government. Note that the president's charges involve an already established constitutional system of law. Quiet judges. Inform the public. Restore ability to govern

    by: Nikos Retsos from: Chicago, USA
    November 28, 2012 7:38 AM
    There has never been a smooth revolution in human history, and classes among losers and winners are inevitable - as tremors are after an earthquake. Nikos Retsos, retired professor
    In Response

    by: James M. Weir
    November 28, 2012 1:35 PM
    More "intellectual drivel".
    In Response

    by: Eric Phillips
    November 28, 2012 1:14 PM
    Ummm, Professor - this revolution is strikingly similar to the one that took place in Iran in the late 70's. How did that one turn out? They now have a similar cast of characters. This is a little bit more than a "tremor." In this case the earthquake has occurred after the revolution.
    In Response

    by: Ana from: Long Beach
    November 28, 2012 11:57 AM
    I dare to disagree with two examples: The quiet revolution in Quebec that ended the Catholic Church endless power in the French Canadian province; The Carnation Revolution in Portugal with four dead attributed to the political police.

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