News / USA

Congressional Commission Sees China Falling Short on WTO Obligations

Congressional Commission Sees China Falling Short on WTO Obligations
Congressional Commission Sees China Falling Short on WTO Obligations

A U.S. congressional commission monitoring the impact of China on American security and economic interests says although the world's second-largest economy has made progress since joining the World Trade Organization nearly a decade ago, many challenges remain for American and other foreign companies seeking to do business there.

Next month, marks 10 years of China's entry into the World Trade Organization, and in many ways it is still failing to live up to its commitments.

"China has yet to create a system that effectively protects intellectual property; something that is required of all WTO members.  U.S. business software companies still report that China is the world’s largest source of pirated software.  Approximately eight of 10 computers in China still run counterfeit operating system software.  Even more disturbing, China has stepped backward from its original promise to lower trade barriers and to treat foreign products and services fairly," said William Reinsch, chairman of the U.S. China Economic and Security Review Commission.

In recent years, China has also been relying more on state owned enterprises and control of major sectors of the economy, limiting foreign access to its markets. "The government directs a vast array of subsidies to favored industries and seeks to nurture particular technologies behind protective barriers.  This is contrary to the spirit, and in many cases the letter, of China’s WTO commitments," Reinsch said.

Such shortcomings are significant because after this year China will no longer be obligated to respond to questions from members about its annual progress. When China joined the WTO in 2001, it agreed to annual reviews of its compliance in the first eight years and one final review this year.

On the security front, the commission notes there is growing evidence that Beijing sponsors or condones malicious cyber activities, which facilitate industrial espionage and target U.S. and other foreign government systems.

"When combined with the military’s excessive focus on other disruptive military capabilities, such as counter-space operations, it presents an image of Chinese intentions that diverges significantly from Beijing’s official policy of peaceful development," Reinsch said.

The commission also notes that as China continues its military buildup and an effort to modernize its forces with an average annual growth of 12 percent during the past decade, Beijing has recently achieved several military firsts.

"It flight tested its first stealth fighter, conducted a sea trial of its first aircraft carrier, and made progress towards deploying the world’s first anti-ship ballistic missile," Reinsch said.

Despite such security advances and continued challenges on the economic front, Reinsch says he believes the challenges U.S.-China relations face make relations difficult, but they are surmountable.

"I think we all have to be optimistic. The relationship is so important that we have to make it work.  And every American administration over the last seven and every Chinese administration over the last three or four have been, I think, determined to make it work and we get over these individual humps," Reinsch said.

But topping the list of its recommendations in the report, the commission has asked the president to assign the National Security Council to conduct a comprehensive agency-wide review of security and economic policies toward China, in an effort to assess where change is needed and address the serious challenges that remain.

You May Like

Video One Year After Thai Coup, No End in Sight for Military Rule

Since carrying out the May 22, 2014 coup, the general has retired from the military but is still firmly in charge More

Goodbye, New York

This is what the fastest-growing big cities in America have in common More

Job-Seeking Bangladeshis Risk Lives to Find Work

The number of Bangladeshi migrants on smugglers’ boats bound for Southeast Asian countries has soared in the past two years More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Turkey's Main Opposition Party Hopes for Election Breakthroughi
X
May 22, 2015 10:23 AM
Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party has sought an image change ahead of the June 7 general election. The move comes after suffering successive defeats at the hands of the Islamist-rooted AK Party, which has portrayed it as hostile to religion. Dorian Jones reports from the western city of Izmir.
Video

Video Turkey's Main Opposition Party Hopes for Election Breakthrough

Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party has sought an image change ahead of the June 7 general election. The move comes after suffering successive defeats at the hands of the Islamist-rooted AK Party, which has portrayed it as hostile to religion. Dorian Jones reports from the western city of Izmir.
Video

Video Europe Follows US Lead in Tackling ‘Conflict Minerals’

Metals mined from conflict zones in places like the Democratic Republic of Congo are often sold by warlords to buy weapons. This week European lawmakers voted to force manufacturers to prove that their supply chains are not inadvertently fueling conflicts and human rights abuses. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Class Tackles Questions of Race, Discrimination

Unrest in some U.S. cities is more than just a trending news item at Ladue Middle School in St. Louis, Missouri. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, it’s a focus of a multicultural studies class engaging students in wide-ranging discussions about racial tensions and police aggression.
Video

Video Mind-Controlled Prosthetics Are Getting Closer

Scientists and engineers are making substantial advances towards the ultimate goal in prosthetics – creation of limbs that can be controlled by the wearer’s mind. Thanks to sophisticated sensors capable of picking up the brain’s signals, an amputee in Iceland is literally bringing us one step closer to that goal. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Afghan Economy Sinks As Foreign Troops Depart

As international troops prepare to leave Afghanistan, and many foreign aid groups follow, Afghans are grappling with how the exodus will affect the country's fragile economy. Ayesha Tanzeem reports from the Afghan capital, Kabul.
Video

Video Poverty, Ignorance Force Underage Girls Into Marriage

The recent marriage of a 17-year old Chechen girl to a local police chief who was 30 years older and already had a wife caused an outcry in Russia and beyond. The bride was reportedly forced to marry and her parents were intimidated into giving their consent. The union spotlighted yet again the plight of many underage girls in developing countries. Zlatica Hoke reports poverty, ignorance and fear are behind the practice, especially in Asia and Africa.
Video

Video South Korea Marks Gwangju Uprising Anniversary

South Korea this week marked the 35th anniversary of a protest that turned deadly. The Gwangju Uprising is credited with starting the country’s democratic revolution after it was violently quelled by South Korea’s former military rulers. But as Jason Strother reports, some observers worry that democracy has recently been eroded.
Video

Video California’s Water System Not Created To Handle Current Drought

The drought in California is moving into its fourth year. While the state's governor is mandating a reduction in urban water use, most of the water used in California is for agriculture. But both city dwellers and farmers are feeling the impact of the drought. Some experts say the state’s water system was not created to handle long periods of drought. Elizabeth Lee reports from Ventura County, an agricultural region just northwest of Los Angeles.
Video

Video How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction

An international team of scientists has sequenced the complete genome of the woolly mammoth. Led by the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm, the work opens the door to recreate the huge herbivore, which last roamed the Earth 4,000 years ago. VOA’s Rosanne Skirble considers the science of de-extinction and its place on the planet
Video

Video Blind Boy Defines His Life with Music

Cole Moran was born blind. He also has cognitive delays and other birth defects. He has to learn everything by ear. Nevertheless, the 12-year-old has had an insatiable love for music since he was born. VOA’s June Soh introduces us to the young phenomenal harmonica player.

VOA Blogs