The conservative party of former Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif looks set to win Saturday's election as votes continue to be tallied, after parliamentary elections marred by Taliban intimidation.
While no official results have been announced, state television estimates show Mr. Sharif's Pakistan Muslim League having secured enough seats to form a government, likely with the help of independent candidates who won seats. And, when the vote counting is complete, Mr. Sharif's party may end up with the majority needed to rule outright in the 272-seat National Assembly.
Former cricket player Imran Khan's Tehrik-i-Insaf party, or PTI, holds second place overall and may end up with control of the important provincial government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, along the Afghan border.
Trailing in third place is the Pakistan People's Party led by the family of slain former prime minister Benazir Bhutto.
Officials estimate the turnout in Saturday's poll at 60 percent, despite pre-election violence and attacks that killed at least 24 people on election day, including at least 10 at a campaign office for the Awami National Party, one of the groups targeted by the Taliban. Mr. Sharif has said he favors negotiating with the Taliban to bring about peace in the country.
Problems facing Pakistan's leadership include a growing energy crisis, a weak economy and a rapidly expanding population. Pakistan is the world's sixth most populous country with more than 190 million people, but is 36th in size of land mass.
In a video message Sunday, Khan welcomed the high turnout as a step forward for democracy, but said his party would submit a report on alleged vote-rigging. He spoke from the hospital bed where he is recovering from a badly injured spine after falling more than four meters to the ground at a rally in Lahore last week.
U.S. President Barack Obama congratulated Pakistan on the poll Sunday, offering cooperation as "equal partners" in supporting a "stable, secure" future for its people.
India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh extended support for Mr. Sharif on his "emphatic victory," writing on his official Twitter page that he hoped to chart "a new course for the relationship" between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai Sunday called on the incoming government to help negotiate an end to the Taliban insurgency that has ravaged his country since 2001.
Mr. Sharif declared victory for his party late Saturday. If official results bear him out, he will likely return to the job he held twice in the 1990s. The former prime minister is appealing to all Pakistani parties to join him in ridding the country of its problems, which include inflation, unemployment, power cuts and a Taliban insurgency.
For his part, Khan campaigned on a platform to end U.S. drone strikes in the tribal belt, saying he would order the Pakistani military to shoot down American aircraft if necessary. Khan won his seat in parliament, while outgoing Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf lost his.
This is the first time Pakistan is transitioning from one civilian government that finished a full term to another civilian administration.
Mr. Sharif was Pakistani prime minister from 1990 until 1993 when he was forced to resign because of allegations of corruption. He returned to the job in 1997 but was toppled by a military coup two years later.