News / Health

Timeline of Developments in AIDS Epidemic

Women queue with their babies to be tested for HIV at a hospital in Bududa, eastern Uganda, September 27, 2011.
Women queue with their babies to be tested for HIV at a hospital in Bududa, eastern Uganda, September 27, 2011.
  • 1981 - First cases of unusual immune system failure identified among gay men, women and injecting drug users
  • 1983 - Luc Montagnier isolates what is later known as HIV    
  • 1984 - Robert Gallo identifies HIV as the cause of AIDS
  • 1985 - At least one case of HIV identified in every region of the world
  • 1987 - AZT, the first therapy for AIDS, is approved in the United States
  • 1988 - Women account for half of adults with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 1990 - One million children have lost one or both parents to AIDS
  • 1991 - The red ribbon becomes a symbol of AIDS awareness
  • 1994 - First treatment to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission is developed
  • 1996 - Brazil becomes the first developing country to provide antiretroviral therapy through its health program
  • 2000 - UNAIDS, WHO, pharmaceutical companies launch initiative to increase access to HIV treatment in developing countries
  • 2003 - U.S. President George W. Bush announces the $15 billion President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, PEPFAR
  • 2005 - 1.3 million people in low and middle income countries are receiving antiretroviral therapy
  • 2006 - Annual global spending on AIDS in low and middle income countries is $8.9 billion
  • 2007 - Another major HIV vaccine trial is stopped after preliminary results show no benefit
  • 2008 - PEPFAR reauthorized for $48 billion over five years
  • 2009 - 5.2 million people in low and middle income countries have access to antiretroviral therapy
  • 2010 - U.S., South Korea, China and Namibia lift travels bans on HIV-positive people.
  • 2011 - Trial results showed early start to antiretroviral drugs greatly reduces the transmission of HIV among discordant couples

Source: UNAIDS, Avert

You May Like

At International AIDS Conference One Goal, Many Paths

The 12,000 delegates attending 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne have vastly different visions about how to eradicate disease More

Disasters May Doom Malaysia’s Flag Carrier

Even before loss of two jets loaded with passengers on international flights, company had been operating in red for three years, accumulating deficit of $1.3 billion More

Afghan Presidential Vote Audit Continues Despite Glitches

Process has been marred by walkouts by representatives of two competing candidates, Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani More

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Nature of Space Exploration Enters New Agei
X
Elizabeth Lee
July 20, 2014 2:36 AM
Forty-five years ago this month, the first humans walked on the moon. It was during an era of the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union. World politics have changed since then and -- as Elizabeth Lee reports -- so has the nature of space exploration.
Video

Video Nature of Space Exploration Enters New Age

Forty-five years ago this month, the first humans walked on the moon. It was during an era of the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union. World politics have changed since then and -- as Elizabeth Lee reports -- so has the nature of space exploration.
Video

Video Chicago’s Argonne Lab Developing Battery of the Future

In 2012, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science awarded a $120 million grant to a new technology center focused on battery development - headquartered at Argonne National Laboratory in suburban Chicago, Illinois. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, there scientists are making the next technological breakthroughs in energy storage.
Video

Video In NW Pakistan, Army Offensive Causes Massive Number of Displaced

Pakistan’s army offensive in North Waziristan has resulted in the large-scale displacement of the local population. VOA's Ayaz Gul reports from northwest Pakistan where authorities say around 80 percent of the estimated 1 million internally displaced persons [IDPs] have settled in Bannu district, while much of the remaining 20 percent are scattered in nearby cities.
Video

Video Kurdish Peshmerga Force Secures Kirkuk, Its Oil

The Kurdistan regional government has sent its Peshmerga troops into the adjacent province of Kirkuk to drive out insurgents, and to secure the area's rich oil fields. By doing this, the regional government has added a fourth province to the three it officially controls. The oil also provides revenue that could make an independent Kurdistan economically strong. VOA’s Jeffrey Young went out with the Peshmerga and filed this report.
Video

Video Malaysia Reeling: Second Air Disaster in Four Months

Malaysia is reeling from the second air disaster in four months involving the country’s flag carrier. Flight 340 vanished in March and despite an extensive search, no debris has been found. And on Thursday, Flight 17, likely hit by a surface-to-air missile, came apart over eastern Ukraine. The two incidents together have left more than 500 people dead. VOA Correspondent Steve Herman reports from Kuala Lumpur.
Video

Video Diplomatic Crisis Grows Over MH17 Plane Crash

The Malaysia Airlines crash in eastern Ukraine is drawing reaction from leaders around the world. With suspicions growing that a surface-to-air missile shot down the aircraft, there are increasing tensions in the international community over who is to blame. Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London.
Video

Video Undocumented Immigrants Face Perilous Journey to US, No Guarantees

Every day, hundreds of undocumented immigrants from Central America attempt the arduous journey through Mexico and turn themselves over to U.S. border patrol -- with the hope that they will not be turned away. But the dangers they face along the way are many, and as Ramon Taylor reports from the Rio Grande Valley in Texas, their fate rests on more than just the reception they get at the US border.
Video

Video Scientists Create Blackest Material Ever

Of all the black things in the universe only the infamous "black holes" are so black that not even a tiny amount of light can bounce back. But scientists have managed to create material almost as black, and it has enormous potential use. VOA’s George Putic has more.
Video

Video Fog Collector Transforming Maasai Water Harvesting in Kenya

The Maasai people of Kenya are known for their cattle-herding, nomadic lifestyle. But it's an existence that depends on access to adequate water for their herds and flocks. Lenny Ruvaga reports for VOA, on a "fog collector."

AppleAndroid