News / Health

Ethiopia Cuts Child Mortality by Two-Thirds

Women and children crowd around the public water taps at the Dollo Ado refugee transit facility in Ethiopia, October 26, 2011. (VOA - P. Heinlein)
Women and children crowd around the public water taps at the Dollo Ado refugee transit facility in Ethiopia, October 26, 2011. (VOA - P. Heinlein)
Marthe van der Wolf
The United Nations Children's Fund, or UNICEF, says Ethiopia has achieved one of the Millennium Development Goals of reducing child mortality by more than two-thirds.
 
Ethiopia reduced its under-five mortality rate by 67 percent between 1990 and 2012, meeting the target for one of the Millennium Development Goals on child survival.  The announcement came after UNICEF released its latest report on child survival Friday.
 
Ethiopia’s Minister of Health Dr. Kesetebirhan Admasu welcomed the positive results, but admitted that despite the improvements Ethiopia is still considered a high-mortality country:

“If you look at the absolute number of children dying in Ethiopia, it is still huge.  We have committed to end all preventive child deaths in a generation by 2035.  And we have developed a roadmap to reach that ambitious target," said Admasu.

Diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria are the leading causes of death among young children in Ethiopia.
 
In 1990, the country's mortality rate for children under five was one of the highest in the world at 204 per 1,000 births.  

That rate now stands at 68 per 1,000, meaning hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian children who might have died in earlier years now reach their fifth birthday.
 
Ethiopia is one of four African countries, next to Tanzania, Liberia and Malawi, to already have achieved the Millennium Development Goal.  

One of the reasons Ethiopia has done so well is because of its Health Extension Program, through which 38,000 health workers were employed all over the country providing health care services to a large part of the rural population.
 
UNICEF representative to Ethiopia Peter Salama said that Ethiopia’s approach can serve as an example for other countries:
 
“Several other African countries have come to do study tours, including delegations from Togo, Guinea, Namibia - all came to study the health extension program and see how they can replicate this critical lesson of bringing health care to the doorstep of the rural population," said Salama.

Progress on the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality is slow in most countries, with only 13 out of 61 countries on track.  

The Millennium Development Goals were introduced in 2000 by the United Nations, focusing on issues such as fighting extreme poverty.

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by: Facts
September 14, 2013 2:24 PM
The Woyane regime in Ethiopia has been in power for the past 22 years and to this very day in the coming years Ethiopia continue to require food aid. The fact is Billions of dollars have been poured in Ethiopia, since TPLF has come to power, but just as much if not more Billions have been flowing out of the country into offshore banks.

Food aid requiring population in Ethiopia in 1990 before TPLF came to Ethiopia was about 15 million, and today the food aid requiring Ethiopian population is about 13 million. Aside from liquid money dolled out to the regime, Ethiopia receives security aid and healthcare aid (Billions), yet it still requires additional food aid and healthcare aid to make it through year-to-year.
In Response

by: Mimi G. from: Fribourg, CH
September 14, 2013 4:27 PM
Aside from your ethnic slurs, the article above completely discredits your blab.

Good to know Ethiopia's success is burning you inside out.

by: Sara from: Manchester, UK
September 14, 2013 8:02 AM
Almost every VOA Ethiopia story (regardless of topic) uses photo caption of feeding centers, and YET AGAIN above photo of Somali refugees at Dollo Ado camp represented as Ethiopians.

Rupert Murdoch journalism.

by: Reality Check from: Ethiopia
September 14, 2013 5:52 AM
- Infant mortality reduced by 70% (UNICEF)
- HIV incidence rate reduced by 90% (WHO)
- Primary school enrollment (free!) now 85%, up from 20% (UN)
- Over 30 new universities
- 5 new hydroelectric dams, Africa's largest under construction
- Double-digit/or near double-digit economic growth last 8 years

IF THIS IS "DICTATORSHIP," KEEP IT COMING!

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Positive Messaging Transforms Ethiopia's Imagei
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Marthe van der Wolf
March 03, 2015 9:03 PM
Ethiopia was once known for famine and droughts. Now, headlines more often point to its fast-growing economy and its emergence as a regional peacemaker. How has Addis Ababa changed the narrative? VOA's Marthe van der Wolf reports.
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