News / Africa

    Ethiopia's Oromos Tread Warily Amid Anti-government Protests

    Ethiopian migrants, all members of the Oromo community of Ethiopia living in Malta, protest in Valletta against the Ethiopian regime's plan to evict Oromo farmers to expand Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa, Dec. 21, 2015.
    Ethiopian migrants, all members of the Oromo community of Ethiopia living in Malta, protest in Valletta against the Ethiopian regime's plan to evict Oromo farmers to expand Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa, Dec. 21, 2015.
    Marthe van der Wolf

    Schools are closed, businesses have just reopened after being closed for almost a week, and there is tension in Ginchi, Ethiopia, one of the first towns where the Oromo people began protesting last month against a plan to expand the capital, Addis Ababa.

    Police are on the main road in Ginchi, which is about 80 kilometers west of Addis Ababa. Interviews have to be conducted on the basis of anonymity and on the outskirts of the town.

    A waitress says that despite the reopening of the cafe where she works, life is not back to normal yet: She says that there is not an official curfew, but that young people risk being randomly detained if they are out in the evening.

    The most recent protest in Ginchi was last weekend, after a funeral. Citizens said security forces killed three people before the protest took place.

    The Addis Ababa master plan is a blueprint to expand the capital into the Oromiya region. The protesters believe that the expansion will lead to land grabs without proper compensation and a loss of the Oromo culture and language.

    A shop owner, who participated in the protests, says those who created the master plan do not understand that life is tough and that people like him will not benefit from the promised development. He says there is no benefit for the people to have outside investors who take their land.

    Established in 1991

    The Oromiya region was established when the current government came to power in 1991. The federal system was divided along ethnic lines. The Oromos are the largest ethnic group in the country.

    Bekele Gerba, leader of the opposition Oromo Federal Congress, lives in Adama, the former capital of the Oromiya region. The city, about 60 kilometers south of Addis Ababa, has also seen protests in recent weeks.

    Gerba says Oromos have never been treated like equals by Ethiopia's leaders, but he believes the current government is the worst.

    “The ruling classes, usually, they think that Oromo is a threat," he said. " 'One day they can overwhelm us. Therefore, they have to be treated in such a way so that they won't have any power.' Therefore, for example, we don’t have any power in the military. All the military commanders belong to a different ethnic group.”

    Gerba’s party says more than 75 people have died since the protests began, and that many of his party members have been detained. Rights organizations such as Human Rights Watch say the government is using "excessive lethal force" on the protesters.

    A government spokesman, Getachew Reda, told VOA on Wednesday that security forces had exercised restraint, "even under circumstances where they found themselves overwhelmed."

    You May Like

    Video Democrats Clinton, Kaine Offer 'Very Different Vision' Than Trump

    In a jab at Trump, Clinton says her team wants to 'build bridges, not walls'; Obama Hails Kaine's record; Trump calls Kaine a 'job-killer'

    Turkey Wants Pakistan to Close Down institutions, Businesses Linked to Gulen

    Thousands of Pakistani students are enrolled in Gulen's commercial network of around two dozen institutions operating in Pakistan for over two decades

    AU Passport A Work in Progress

    Who will get the passport and what the benefits are still need to be worked out

    This forum has been closed.
    Comment Sorting
    by: Yodit
    December 25, 2015 5:37 AM
    Against development, protesting to remain on food aid.

    "Oromo, always wrong (old Ethiopian proverb)."

    by: Wotabo Kebede from: Nazareth, Ethiopia
    December 24, 2015 8:12 AM
    It is true that Ethiopia is ruled by a single ethnic group with the participation of selected bunch of individuals brought in the guise of parties seemingly representing ethnic communities - the Amharas, Oromos, Southerners, etc. Brutal actions are being taken by the army drawn and commanded by the TPLF in the presence of such dumb parties that claim to have represented their clans. One-man one-vote arrangement with the participation of opposition parties in a climate of equality and fairness and without vote rigging is the only solution that will bring peace and trust; and sustainable democratic and economic development in this country. A two-digit growth will be meaningless unless the current turmoil is resolved with care and in a responsible manner. Stubbornness by the current rulers does not pay. Just looking at what is happening in the Mid-east will be sufficient to avoid hatred and incite fratricidal war and handle the situation in a rational manner.

    by: Selam from: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    December 24, 2015 7:22 AM
    Narrowly shot photo of 5 economic migrants in Malta keeps getting posted as protest representing nation of 100 million Ethiopians. I mean...Really? There were 1000 people at last Ethiopian wedding I attended.

    by: Okillo
    December 24, 2015 6:10 AM
    Do you think huge cities like Paris, NY, etc. got to their current size without a cost to their surrounding communities? The problem is Ethiopians in general and Oromo tribe in particular are uncivilized people. I feel sorry for the gov trying to bring civilization to this herd. For crying out loud, this nation is starving now, and they are fighting over some internal border. They should be growing food. Damn fools.
    In Response

    by: kassa Tiruneh from: United States
    December 25, 2015 12:42 PM
    Probably you are one of those 'qimalam' Woyanes. Believe it or not you and your children will pay for what is being done to the Oromo people.
    In Response

    by: Free
    December 24, 2015 9:05 AM
    Dear Okillo,
    If the previous regime and current regime were really working for the benefit of people we can't beg food from you and annoy you this way.By the way the farmers who are going to be evicted or already evicted (not only in Addis Ababa but refers to all regions) without proper compensation and not making them part of the plan are those at least feed themselves. But will soon join the 15000000 requiring food aid as you may know.

    After all food self sufficiency for Ethiopia is becoming as a second coming of Jesus but solving the problem must not be planned at the expense of the poor and non inclusive policy. If government get billions from the land let the society get its share then society get richer, Ethiopia develop, objective of policy to become middle income by 2025 will be achieved. This does not require knowledge of scientist or bullet to convince students.

    by: Tigre
    December 24, 2015 5:26 AM
    3 million against 50 million kkkkk . I do not think that these 50 million can even protect them selvies from beating them to death without one shot.

    by: Tigrai
    December 24, 2015 5:17 AM
    Do you think that oromo large population can defeat the only 3million tigre in the power? 50 million against 3 million !!! My answer is never!! Can you workout why? I need an answer?

    by: Rahel from: Ethiopia
    December 24, 2015 5:13 AM
    Futile attempts of Diaspora ethnocentric opposition trying to reverse Ethiopia's progress to date:

    1. Double-digit annual economic growth since 2005 (World Bank data).
    2. Infant mortality reduced over 65% (UNICEF data)
    3. HIV incidence rate reduced by over 90% (WHO data)
    4. Primary school enrollment at near 90%, up from 20% (UN data).
    5. Five hydroelectric dams built, planet's 8th largest 50% complete (Grand Renaissance Dam).

    "Ethiopia is on tract to become a middle income country by 2025" ~ World Bank

    Everybody can't be wrong. Sorry!

    In Response

    by: The Freedom Deprived from: Finfine
    December 24, 2015 5:06 PM
    I think Rahel could be a new Woyane Recruit at the data cooking institute called CSA (Central Statistics Authority) in Ethiopia. Dear Rahel, Have you ever seen WHO or UNICEF or World Bank enumerators collecting data by themselves? They are given "data" by your Ethiopian gov't (CSA), and they have to take it or leave it as they have no choice !! That is a short story of your description of the Developmental Ethiopia you should be Ashamed of. Remember, Just last year, your PM declared Ethiopia being a food Secure country and was falsely given trophy at FAO HQ in Rome. But four months later, he declared that the country is on famine. That speaks louder than his/your data.
    In Response

    by: Erkin from: Ethiopia
    December 24, 2015 9:17 AM
    Ms. Do u like cooked data which has garbeg in and garbeg out. If it was that then we would not see cattle drawn farming a kilometer around addis ababa. It is only poping up to draw more aids which shall casated to those narrow Tigres. No country accepts what is said, even world bank. But it serves only for purposes, so far the government is available in Somalia.

    The So called development of 11% or more were said in Tunisia, even to the extent the are not part of Arab rather the norther part, Europe. When times, it swept away every body. The facts here much much worse. it serves propaganda or The Tigre Thugs

    by: JOHN from: Oromia
    December 24, 2015 5:03 AM
    Ethiopia is now becoming cruel and cursed country for its citizen. the regime is state terrorist, killing and torturing innocent people. all people were frustrated because of brutal act of this dictator regime. in my eyes they are barbaric and animals. they didn't care for any citizen, and they just fire gun to those who challenge them. there is no democracy and no human right, and there is no development at all, Just Corruption, bad governance and Lie.

    by: Anwar
    December 23, 2015 9:04 PM
    The hotbed of protests are blocked of so that no information gets in and out. The situation for the people is much worse now than before because people are being arrested and tortured as we speak and they have no one to help them.
    The US should choose between temporary security and lasting one because if 40 mill. People in the HOA cannot find security, no one will in the region for many years to come. People can no longer sit and look to the west for help. They are going to stand up to injustices and inhuman treatments under the minority group that has no concept of humanity. The US needs to stand for democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. Times are different from those of the Penochet. The true democracy is triumphing all around the world shortening the lives of dictatorial regimes. The US politicians don't seem to realize this.

    By the Numbers

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    In State of Emergency, Turkey’s Erdogan Focuses on Spiritual Movementi
    July 22, 2016 11:49 AM
    The state of emergency that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has declared is giving him even more power to expand a purge that has seen an estimated 60,000 people either arrested or suspended from their jobs. VOA Europe correspondent Luis Ramirez reports from Istanbul.

    Video In State of Emergency, Turkey’s Erdogan Focuses on Spiritual Movement

    The state of emergency that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has declared is giving him even more power to expand a purge that has seen an estimated 60,000 people either arrested or suspended from their jobs. VOA Europe correspondent Luis Ramirez reports from Istanbul.

    Video Scientists in Poland Race to Save Honeybees

    Honeybees are in danger worldwide. Causes of what's known as colony collapse disorder range from pesticides and loss of habitat to infections. But scientists in Poland say they are on track to finding a cure for one of the diseases. VOA’s George Putic reports.

    Video Wall Already Runs Along Parts of US-Mexico Border

    The Republican Party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump, gained the support of many voters by saying he would build a wall to keep undocumented immigrants and drugs from coming across the border from Mexico. Critics have called his idea impractical and offensive to Mexico, while supporters say such a bold approach is needed to control the border. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from the border town of Nogales, Arizona.

    Video New HIV Tests Emphasize Rapid Results

    As the global fight against AIDS intensifies, activists have placed increasing importance on getting people to know their HIV status. Some companies are developing new HIV testing methods designed to be quick, easy and accurate. Thuso Khumalo looks at the latest methods, presented at the International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa.

    Video African Youth with HIV Urge More Support

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is the top killer of teens in sub-Saharan Africa. But many youths say their experience with the virus is unique and needs to be addressed differently than the adult epidemic. VOA South African Correspondent Anita Powell reports.

    Video Poor Residents in Cleveland Not Feeling High Hopes of Republican Convention

    With the Republican Party's National Convention underway in Cleveland, Ohio, delegates and visitors are gathered in the host city's downtown - waiting to hear from the party's presidential candidate, Donald Trump. But a few kilometers from the convention's venue, Cleveland's poorest residents are not convinced Trump or his policies will make a difference in their lives. VOA's Ramon Taylor spoke with some of these residents as well as some of the Republican delegates and filed this report.

    Video Pop-Up Art Comes to Your Living Room, Backyard and Elsewhere

    Around the world, independent artists and musicians wrestle with a common problem: where to exhibit or perform? Traditional spaces such as museums and galleries are reserved for bigger names, and renting a space is not feasible for many. Enter ArtsUp, which connects artists with venue owners. Whether it’s a living room, restaurant, office or even a boat, pop-up events are bringing music and art to unexpected places. Tina Trinh has more.

    Video With Yosemite as Backdrop, Obama Praises National Parks

    Last month, President Barack Obama and his family visited some of the most beautiful national parks in the U.S. Using the majestic backdrop of a towering waterfall in California's Yosemite National Park, Obama praised the national park system which celebrates its 100th anniversary this year. He talked about the importance of America’s “national treasures” and the need to protect them from climate change and other threats. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.

    Video Counter-Islamic State Coalition Plots Next Steps

    As momentum shifts against Islamic State in Iraq, discussions are taking place about the next steps for driving the terrorist group from its final strongholds. Secretary of State John Kerry is hosting a counter-IS meeting at the State Department, a day after defense ministers from more than 30 countries reviewed and agreed upon a course of action. VOA Pentagon correspondent Carla Babb reports.

    Video Russia's Participation at Brazil Olympic Games Still In Question

    The International Olympic Committee has delayed a decision on whether to ban all Russian teams from competing in next month's Olympic Games in Brazil over allegations of an elaborate doping scheme. The World Anti-Doping Agency recently released an independent report alleging widespread doping by Russian athletes at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. So far, only Russian track and field athletes have been barred from the Summer Games in Brazil. VOA's Zlatica Hoke has more.

    Video Scotland’s Booming Whisky Industry Fears Brexit Hangover

    After Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, Scotland’s government wants to break away from the United Kingdom – fearing the nation’s exports are at risk. Among the biggest of these is whisky. Henry Ridgwell reports on a time of turmoil for those involved in the ancient art of distilling Scotland’s most famous product.

    Video Millennials Could Determine Who Wins Race to White House

    With only four months to go until Americans elect a new president, one group of voters is getting a lot more attention these days: those ages 18 to 35, a generation known as millennials. It’s a demographic that some analysts say could have the power to decide the 2016 election. But a lot depends on whether they actually turn out to vote. VOA’s Alexa Lamanna reports.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora