News / Africa

Experts Work to Beef Up Gulf of Guinea Security

Pirates seized Italian tanker
Pirates seized Italian tanker "Anema e Core," carrying a cargo of diesel fuel, in the Gulf of Guinea off Cotonou, the economic capital of Benin in West Africa, undated file image.
Experts are working to beef up security in the Gulf of Guinea, through which an estimated 40 percent of Europe's oil imports and 29 percent of U.S.-bound petroleum products pass annually.
 
According to a report from the International Maritime Bureau, the gulf located off the central part of the West African coastline is becoming a new hot spot for piracy, with potential to eclipse the scale of high-seas crime seen off the Horn of Africa. Fifty-eight pirate attacks were recorded in the Gulf last year, including 10 hijackings. Nearly half of the attacks occurred off the coast of Nigeria, with others occurring off Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Benin and nearby countries.
 
In February 2012 alone, the report indicates, eight oil tankers were attacked.
 
But industrial petroleum vessels aren't the only targets. Ships carrying cocoa and metals destined for world markets have also come under attack. Pirates have killed Cameroon security officials, and the mayor of Kombo Abedimo, a locality in western Cameroon, was taken captive by pirates while en route to Nigeria.
 
“We were ambushed with three gunboats armed to the teeth with about 10 persons per boat," said Mayor Patrick Aboko by telephone. "And surprisingly there was [a] gun firing and some of us fell into water and we were picked up by pirates and taken to their camp. In fact we went through serious torture and the government intervened.”
 
With attacks mounting, the United Nations has appointed Abou Moussa as the special representative to Central Africa with a focus on reducing insecurity in the gulf. Also, West African security experts and defense ministers met this month in Cameroon's capital, Yaounde, where they resolved against negotiating with pirates and they agreed to use any force necessary to eliminate threats.
 
General Carter Ham, former commander of the U.S. military's Africa Command, says regional cooperation is needed to meet growing challenges.
 
“There is lots of work to be done in the Gulf of Guinea. The president and the leaders in Cameroon understand that this is a responsibility not of one nation, but all the nations in the region," he said. "And so what we try to do is to find opportunities for the many nations to cooperate and coordinate their efforts, because we are convinced that when they will be able to do so, there will be security in the Gulf of Guinea and that is what we all desire.”
 
According to British security expert John Drick, proliferation of piracy in the Gulf has already led to a rise in oil prices.
 
"A repeat of instability and pirate attacks off the coast could again lead to a spike in prices and could cause concerns in the international market," he said, referring to attacks in Nigeria's Niger Delta that triggered a price increase.
 
While countries that border the Gulf of Guinea — Angola, Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon — produce more than three million barrels of oil daily for North American and European markets, the Niger Delta region produces the bulk of it.
 
High crude prices and unrest in the region, particularly in Nigeria, create favorable conditions for piracy. Left unchecked, observers say piracy in the Gulf of Guinea has the potential to reach and surpass the number of attacks off the coast of Somalia in the past decade.

You May Like

Tired of Waiting, South Africans Demand Change ‘Now’

With chronic poverty and lack of basic services largely fueling recent xenophobic attacks, many in Rainbow Nation say it’s time for government to act More

Challenges Ahead for China's Development Plans in Pakistan

Planned $46 billion in energy and infrastructure investments in Pakistan are aimed at transforming the country into a regional hub for trade and investment More

Audio 'Forbidden City' Revisits Little Known Era of Asian-American Entertainment

Little-known chapter of entertainment history captured in 80s documentary is revisited in new digitally remastered format and book More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Study: Insecticide Damaging Wild Bee Populationsi
X
April 24, 2015 10:13 PM
A popular but controversial type of insecticide is damaging important wild bee populations, according to a new study. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.
Video

Video Study: Insecticide Damaging Wild Bee Populations

A popular but controversial type of insecticide is damaging important wild bee populations, according to a new study. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.
Video

Video Data Servers Could Heat Private Homes

As every computer owner knows, when their machines run a complex program they get pretty hot. In fact, cooling the processors can be expensive, especially when you're dealing with huge banks of computer servers. But what if that energy could heat private homes? VOA’s George Putic reports that a Dutch energy firm aims to do just that.
Video

Video Cinema That Crosses Borders Showcased at Tribeca Film Festival

Among the nearly 100 feature length films being shown at this year’s Tribeca Film Festival in New York City are more than 20 documentaries and features with international appeal, from a film about a Congolese businessman in China, to documentaries shot in Pakistan and diaspora communities in the U.S., to a poetic look at disaffected South African youth. VOA’s Carolyn Weaver has more.
Video

Video UN Confronts Threat of Young Radicals

The radicalization and recruitment of young people into Islamist extremist groups has become a growing challenge for governments worldwide. On Thursday, the U.N. Security Council heard from experts on the issue, which has become a potent threat to international peace and security. VOA’s Margaret Besheer reports.
Video

Video Growing Numbers of Turks Discover Armenian Ancestry

In a climate of improved tolerance, growing numbers of people in Turkey are discovering their grandmothers were Armenian. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians escaped the mass deportations and slaughter of the early 1900's by forced conversion to Islam. Or, Armenian children were taken in by Turkish families and assimilated. Now their stories are increasingly being heard. Dorian Jones reports from Istanbul that the revelations are viewed as an important step.
Video

Video Migrants Trek Through Western Balkans to Reach EU

Migrants from Africa and other places are finding different routes into the European Union in search of a better life. The Associated Press followed one clandestine group to document their trek through the western Balkans to Hungary. Zlatica Hoke reports that the migrants started using that route about four years ago. Since then, it has become the second-most popular path into Western Europe, after the option of sailing from North Africa to Italy.
Video

Video TIME Magazine Honors Activists, Pioneers Seen as Influential

TIME Magazine has released its list of celebrities, leaders and activists, whom it deems the world’s “most influential” in 2015. VOA's Ramon Taylor reports from New York.
Video

Video US Businesses See Cuba as New Frontier

The Obama administration's opening toward Cuba is giving U.S. companies hope they'll be able to do business in Cuba despite the continuation of the U.S. economic embargo against the communist nation. Some American companies have been able to export some products to Cuba, but the recent lifting of Cuba's terrorism designation could relax other restrictions. As VOA's Daniela Schrier reports, corporate heavy hitters are lining up to head across the Florida Straits - though experts urge caution.
Video

Video Kenya Launches Police Recruitment Drive After Terror Attacks

Kenya launched a major police recruitment drive this week as part of a large-scale effort to boost security following a recent spate of terror attacks. VOA’s Gabe Joselow reports that allegations of corruption in the process are raising old concerns about the integrity of Kenya’s security forces.
Video

Video Japan, China in Race for Asia High-Speed Rail Projects

A lucrative competition is underway in Asia for billions of dollars in high-speed rail projects. Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia Thailand and Vietnam are among the countries planning to move onto the fast track. They are negotiating with Japan and the upstart Chinese who are locked in a duel to revolutionize transportation across Asia. VOA Correspondent Steve Herman in Bangkok has details.
Video

Video Scientists: Mosquitoes Attracted By Our Genes

Some people always seem to get bitten by mosquitoes more than others. Now, scientists have proved that is really the case - and they say it’s all because of genes. It’s hoped the research might lead to new preventative treatments for diseases like malaria, as Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Bible Museum Coming to Washington DC

Washington is the center of American political power and also home to some of the nation’s most visited museums. A new one that will showcase the Bible has skeptics questioning the motives of its conservative Christian funders. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky reports.
Video

Video Armenia and Politics of Word 'Genocide'

A century ago this April, hundreds of thousands of Armenians of the Turkish Ottoman empire were deported and massacred, and their culture erased from their traditional lands. While broadly accepted by the U.N. and at least 20 countries as “genocide”, the United States and Turkey have resisted using that word to describe the atrocities that stretched from 1915 to 1923. But Armenians have never forgotten.
Video

Video Afghan First Lady Pledges No Roll Back on Women's Rights

Afghan First Lady Rula Ghani, named one of Time's 100 Most Influential, says women should take part in talks with Taliban. VOA's Rokhsar Azamee has more from Kabul.
Video

Video New Brain Mapping Techniques Could Ease Chronic Pain

From Boulder, Colorado, Shelley Schlender reports that new methods for mapping pain in the brain are providing validation for chronic pain and might someday guide better treatment.

VOA Blogs