News / Europe

France Delays Sahel Counter-insurgency Plan after Mali Violence

Reuters
— France has delayed plans to redeploy 3,000 soldiers to fight militants across Africa's Sahel region, saying it first needs to help deal with a fresh outbreak of violence in northern Mali.

Paris had hoped to move the troops from its former colony Mali and other bases to target Islamist groups operating between southern Libya, northern Chad and northern Niger. It fears the fighters could use the region as a base for wider attacks.

But it paused the plans after deadly clashes broke out between Mali government troops and Tuareg MNLA separatists in the north over the weekend, said officials.

"Given the events of the last 48 hours, the operation to transfer operation Serval [in Mali] to a Sahel-Sahara French force must be delayed for several weeks," a defense ministry source said on Tuesday.

France originally sent troops into Mali after al Qaida-linked Islamists took advantage of a Tuareg-led rebellion and seized control of the country's north in 2012. A French-led military operation, known as Serval, drove them back last year.

After that intervention drove the Islamists from major cities and towns, Mali's government and separatist groups signed a deal in Burkina Faso's capital Ouagadougou to hold talks about greater autonomy for the north, but little progress has been made since last year with tensions gradually rising.

A French military source said no new date had been set for the broader West African deployment, originally scheduled to be completed by the end of May.

At least eight Malian soldiers and eight civilians including six government officials were killed when rebels attacked the regional governor's office in the northern town of Kidal on Saturday.

The situation in Kidal was calm on Tuesday and the two sides were pursuing negotiations in which the government hoped to regain control of the town without bloodshed, according to a local military source.

French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian postponed a May 25 trip to Mali and Chad, where the new broader operation will be based.

He had planned to outline details of the mission that would operate across the Sahel region along the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, to fight Islamist militancy.
"There is an urgency in the coming days to restore calm in Kidal, because this must not derail the reconciliation process," a French diplomatic source said.

After winning adulation across Mali for its 5-month military offensive, France has been caught in the middle of a diplomatic tussle between the government wanting to arrest its control over the country and the rebels still demanding some form of autonomy
in the north. Both sides have accused Paris, the former colonial power, of not doing enough to promote their cause and of supporting the other "The situation could deteriorate but not to the extent of 2012, mostly because of the presence of foreign troops," said Jean-Baptiste Bouzard, Africa analyst at risk consultancy
Maplecroft.

"At the moment, they [the French] have decided to stay neutral but if France decides that the situation can't worsen anymore, its army has the capacity to put an end to MNLA action," he added.

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