News / Africa

Record Number of Africans Make Journey to Yemen

Ethiopian young girls waiting to travel to Yemen in Bossaso, the commercial city of the semi-autonomous region of Puntland and the launching pad of the people trying to cross the Gulf of Aden to Yemen.
Ethiopian young girls waiting to travel to Yemen in Bossaso, the commercial city of the semi-autonomous region of Puntland and the launching pad of the people trying to cross the Gulf of Aden to Yemen.

Multimedia

Audio
Joe DeCapua
The number of refugees and migrants crossing from the Horn of Africa into Yemen continues at a record pace. Most of the arrivals are Ethiopian.

The U.N. refugee agency says so far this year, nearly 64,000 people crossed the Gulf of Aden or Red Sea to reach Yemen. That compares to about 49,000 during the same period last year, a 30 percent increase.

“What we are seeing over the first seven months of 2012 is a large increase of the number of refugees and migrants arriving from the Horn of Africa to Yemen. Most of these people are migrants who are leaving Ethiopia because they lack economic opportunities there. There was a situation of drought as well,” said UNHCR spokesman Andrej Mahecic.

About four or five years ago, Somalis made up the majority of new arrivals to Yemen. Their numbers have remained fairly stable in recent years, while the number of Ethiopians has steadily increased. If the pace continues, the number of refugees and migrants will surpass last year’s record level of 103,000.

The Ethiopians generally are not seeking asylum.

“Most of these people with the interest of reaching other states in the Gulf try to avoid contact with the authorities in Yemen. And this is where they become easy prey for the smugglers in Yemen. And we are aware of the frequent reports of these people being held hostage. Their families [are] being asked for ransom. There are all sorts of abuse, including violence and even sexual abuse. So it is really a hard situation for these people,” he said.

x
Most of those crossing to Yemen take the Red Sea route from Djibouti. That trip only lasts a few hours. It may take up to three days to cross the Gulf of Aden. Either way, the most common means of travel is to hire smugglers, who are becoming more organized.

“It has been organized in such a way that those deciding to make the dangerous trip, they are using already established money transfer systems to pay these smugglers, rather than to carry cash. Because often in the past many of these migrants were robbed by the bandits, either en route, or on departure points on the beaches,” he said.

The UNHCR says it expects to see another spike in arrivals in Yemen for August once this month’s figures are complied.

You May Like

UN: 1 Million Somalis at Risk of Hunger

Group warns region is in dire need of humanitarian aid, with at least 200,000 children under age of five acutely malnourished as drought hits southern, central part of nation More

Human Rights Groups Allege Supression of Freedoms in Thailand

Thailand’s military, police have suppressed release of independent report assessing human rights in kingdom during first 100 days of latest coup More

Jennifer Lawrence Contacts FBI After Nude Photos Hacked

'Silver Linings Playbook' actress' photos were posted on image-sharing forum 4chan; Federal Bureau of Investigations is looking into matter More

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Ukraine Schools Resume Classes, Donate to Government Forcesi
X
September 02, 2014 12:58 PM
A new school year has started in Ukraine but thousands of children in the war-torn east are unable to attend because of ongoing clashes with pro-Russia rebels. In Ukraine's capital, patriotic education has become the norm along with donations to support injured security forces fighting to take back rebel-held areas. VOA's Daniel Schearf reports from Kyiv.
Video

Video Ukraine Schools Resume Classes, Donate to Government Forces

A new school year has started in Ukraine but thousands of children in the war-torn east are unable to attend because of ongoing clashes with pro-Russia rebels. In Ukraine's capital, patriotic education has become the norm along with donations to support injured security forces fighting to take back rebel-held areas. VOA's Daniel Schearf reports from Kyiv.
Video

Video US Detainees Want Negotiators for Freedom in North Korea

The three U.S. detainees held in North Korea were permitted to speak with foreign media Monday. The government of Kim Jong Un restricted the topics of the questions, and the interviews in Pyongyang were limited to five minutes. Each of the men asked Washington to send a representative to Pyongyang to secure his release. VOA’s Carolyn Presutti has our story.
Video

Video Internet, Technology Offer New Tools for Journalists

The Internet and rapidly evolving technology is quickly changing how people receive news and how journalists deliver it. There are now more ways to tell a story than ever before. One school in Los Angeles is teaching the next generation of journalists with the help of a state-of-the-art newsroom. Elizabeth Lee has this report.
Video

Video Turkmen From Amerli Describe Survival of IS Siege

Over the past few weeks, hundreds of Shi'ite Turkmen have fled the town of Amerli seeking refuge in the northern city of Kirkuk. Despite recent military gains after U.S. airstrikes that were coordinated with Iraqi and Kurdish forces, the situation remains dire for Amerli’s residents. Sebastian Meyer went to Kirkuk for VOA to speak to those who managed to escape.
Video

Video West Africa Ebola Vaccine Trials Possible by Early 2015

A U.S. health agency is speeding up clinical trials of a possible vaccine against the deadly Ebola virus that so far has killed more than 1,500 people in West Africa. If successful, the next step would be a larger trial in countries where the outbreak is occurring. VOA's Carol Pearson has more.
Video

Video Survivors Commemorate 70th Anniversary of Nazi Liquidation of Jewish Ghetto

When the German Nazi army occupied the Polish city of Lodz in 1939, it marked the beginning of a long nightmare for the Jewish community that once made up one third of the population. Roughly 200,000 people were forced into the Lodz Ghetto. Less than 7,000 survived. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, some survivors gathered at the Union League Club in Chicago on the 70th anniversary of the liquidation of the Lodz Ghetto to remember those who suffered at the hands of the Nazi regime.
Video

Video Cost to Raise Child in US Continues to Rise

The cost of raising a child in the United States continues to rise. In its latest annual report, the U.S. Department of Agriculture says middle income families with a child born in 2013 can expect to spend more than $240,000 before that child turns 18. And sending that child to college more than doubles that amount. VOA’s Deborah Block visited with a couple with one child in Alexandria, Virginia, to learn if the report reflects their lifestyle.
Video

Video Chaotic Afghan Vote Recount Threatens Nation’s Future

Afghanistan’s troubled presidential election continues to be rocked by turmoil as an audit of the ballots drags on. The U.N. says the recount will not be completed before September 10. Observers say repeated disputes and delays are threatening the orderly transfer of power and could have dangerous consequences. VOA correspondent Meredith Buel reports.

AppleAndroid