News / Asia

India Rolls Out Bank Accounts for All

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi hands over a banking kit to an unidentified woman at the launch of a campaign aimed at opening millions of accounts for poor Indians in New Delhi, India, Aug. 28, 2014.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi hands over a banking kit to an unidentified woman at the launch of a campaign aimed at opening millions of accounts for poor Indians in New Delhi, India, Aug. 28, 2014.
Anjana Pasricha

India has rolled out a massive project to give a bank account to every household in the country. The ambitious endeavor for financial inclusion aims to draw millions of poor people into a modern economy and reduce their dependence on money lenders.  
 
Hours before Prime Minister Narendra Modi formally launched the Project for People’s Wealth (Jan Dhan project) in New Delhi, banks enrolled about 15 million new account holders at thousands of camps held across the country.
 
Modi called it a campaign against “financial untouchability.”
 
He questioned how India could succeed in its battle against poverty if 40 percent of the country remains cut off from banking services. He said we must win freedom from “financial untouchability” by integrating all Indians into the economic system.  
 
The prime minister said it is ironic that a poor person pays huge rates of interest to borrow money from moneylenders while the rich can raise loans at lower rates of interest from banks.
 
Under the program, each new account holder gets a debit card, accident insurance coverage up to $1,600 and overdraft protection to about $80.
 
The landmark initiative aims to bring 70 million households, who have no bank accounts, financial services by January.
 
Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said this will transform the lives of many people.  
 
“I am sure the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana [Prime Minister Project for People’s Wealth] will touch the lives of everyone in a constructive and comprehensive way," said Sitharaman.
 
There are several reasons why so many Indians remain outside the banking system. Many poor people are unable to pay the $16 dollars most banks require as a minimum deposit. Millions of migrants to urban areas do not have identity papers needed to open an account. Vast swathes of the countryside are not covered by banking services.
 
Banks are promising to address the problems by branching out into rural areas and reducing the emphasis on formal documentation required for opening a new account.
 
Economists say financial inclusion is important for India’s transformation into a modern economy. It could ensure that more household savings enter the formal financial system - at the moment about one third of savings are channeled into gold jewelry or bars, especially in rural areas with poor banking services.  
 
The project could also cut graft by making it possible to pay welfare benefits such as food and fuel subsidies directly into bank accounts.
 
Most importantly, it could reduce the dependency of poor households on moneylenders who offer loans at crippling interest rates.
 
The drive for financial inclusion is not new. Previous governments have attempted it, but made little progress. It remains to be seen how the latest drive will fare.
 
Director of the Centre of Equity Studies in New Delhi, Harsh Mander, says lack of banks in rural areas has been a great stumbling block and could still pose a hurdle.
 
“Banks very often find this a burden and financially unviable, so they do this very reluctantly, they make people come multiple times," said Mander. "100 percent financial inclusion should be a goal we set out, but we first need to create an infrastructure which ensures that there is a financial institution within three kilometers away of every habitation before this even becomes a feasible idea.”
 
Prime Minister Modi, who announced the program for financial inclusion in a nationwide Independence Day address two weeks ago, has made it an important goal for his government.
 
Observers say the program’s implementation could test his reputation as a man who can deliver results.

You May Like

Hostage Crisis Could Divide Japan Over Plans to Boost Military

Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said Monday the government is working closely with the Jordanian government to secure the release of remaining Japanese hostage Kenji Goto More

Video Brussels Shaken as New Greek Leader Challenges Europe’s Austerity Drive

Country's youngest ever PM Alexis Tsipras, 40, sworn in Monday and says he will restore dignity to Greece by ending spending cuts More

Multimedia National Geographic Photo Camps Empower Youth

Annual mentoring program's mission is to give young people a voice to tell their own stories through photography More

This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: mbennett from: USA
August 28, 2014 3:18 PM
Bravo India.

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Obama Urges Closer Economic Ties During Historic India Visiti
X
Aru Pande
January 26, 2015 9:33 PM
U.S. President Barack Obama says the United States and India must do better to capitalize on untapped potential in their economic relationship - by removing some of the roadblocks to greater trade and investment. As VOA correspondent Aru Pande reports from New Delhi, Obama spoke after participating in India’s Republic Day celebration.
Video

Video Obama Urges Closer Economic Ties During Historic India Visit

U.S. President Barack Obama says the United States and India must do better to capitalize on untapped potential in their economic relationship - by removing some of the roadblocks to greater trade and investment. As VOA correspondent Aru Pande reports from New Delhi, Obama spoke after participating in India’s Republic Day celebration.
Video

Video US, EU Threaten New Russia Sanctions Over Ukraine

U.S. President Barack Obama has blamed Russia for an attack by Ukrainian separatists that left dozens dead in the port of Mariupol and cast further doubt on the viability of last year’s cease-fire with the Kyiv government. VOA’s Michael Bowman reports from Washington.
Video

Video White House Grapples With Yemen Counterterrorism Strategy

Reports say the U.S. has carried out a drone strike on suspected militants in Yemen, the first after President Barack Obama offered reassurances the U.S. is continuing its counterterrorism operations in the country. The future of those operations has been in question following the collapse last week of Yemen’s government. VOA White House correspondent Luis Ramirez reports.
Video

Video Kerry Warns Against Violence in Nigeria Election

US Secretary of State John Kerry visited Nigeria Sunday in a show of the level of concern within the U.S. and the international community over next month’s presidential election. Chris Stein reports.
Video

Video Zoo Animals Show Their Artistic Sides

The pursuit of happiness is so important, America's founding fathers put it in the Declaration of Independence. Any zookeeper will tell you animals need enrichment, just like humans do. So painting, and even music, are part of the Smithsonian National Zoo's program to keep the animals happy. VOA’s June Soh met some animal artists at the zoo in Washington. Faith Lapidus narrates.
Video

Video Worldwide Photo Workshops Empower Youth

Last September, 20 young adults from South Sudan took part in a National Geographic Photo Camp. They are among hundreds of students from around the world who have learned how to use a camera to tell the stories of the people in their communities through the powerful medium of photography. Three camp participants talked about their experiences recently on a visit to Washington. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video Saudi, Yemen Developments Are Sudden Complications for Obama

The death of Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah and the collapse of Yemen’s government have cast further uncertainty on U.S. efforts to fight militants in the Middle East and also contain Iran’s influence in the region. VOA White House correspondent Luis Ramirez reports on the new complications facing the Obama administration and its Middle East policy.
Video

Video Progress, Some Areas of Disagreement in Cuba Talks

U.S. and Cuban officials are reporting progress from initial talks in Havana on re-establishing diplomatic ties. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State (for Western Hemisphere Affairs) Roberta Jacobson said while there was agreement on a broad range of issues, there also are some “profound disagreements” between Washington and Havana. VOA State Department correspondent Pam Dockins has the story.
Video

Video US, Japan Offer Lessons as Eurozone Launches Huge Stimulus

The Euro currency has fallen sharply after the European Central Bank announced a bigger-than-expected $67 billion-a-month quantitative easing program Thursday - commonly seen as a form of printing new money. Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London on whether the move might rescue the eurozone economy -- and what lessons have been learned from similar programs around the world.
Video

Video Nigerian Elections Pose Concern of Potential Conflict in 'Middle Belt'

Nigeria’s north-central state of Kaduna has long been the site of fighting between Muslims and Christians as well as between people of different ethnic groups. As the February elections approach, community and religious leaders are making plans they hope will keep the streets calm after results are announced. Chris Stein reports from the state capital, Kaduna.
Video

Video As Viewership Drops, Obama Puts His Message on YouTube

Ratings reports show President Obama’s State of the Union address this week drew the lowest number of viewers for this annual speech in 15 years. White House officials anticipated this, and the president has decided to take a non-traditional approach to getting his message out. VOA White House correspondent Luis Ramirez reports.
Video

Video S. Korean Businesses Want to End Trade Restrictions With North

Business leaders in South Korea are calling for President Park Geun-hye to ease trade restrictions with North Korea that were put in place in 2010 after the sinking of a South Korean warship.Pro-business groups argue that expanding trade and investment is not only good for business, it is also good for long-term regional peace and security. VOA’s Brian Padden reports.

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More

All About America

AppleAndroid