News / Middle East

    Kurdish Peshmerga Fighters Waiting for Mosul Battle Plan

    Elder Peshmerga fighter and now a volunteer, Omar Mirhan stands with his fellow Peshmerga on a hill overlooking the area of Makhmour which the Peshmerga won back from Islamic State in 2014, March 8, 2016. (S. Behn/VOA)
    Elder Peshmerga fighter and now a volunteer, Omar Mirhan stands with his fellow Peshmerga on a hill overlooking the area of Makhmour which the Peshmerga won back from Islamic State in 2014, March 8, 2016. (S. Behn/VOA)
    Sharon BehnAli Javanmardi

    Makhmour stands on the edge of the divide between the Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga forces and Islamic State militants.

    From behind the sandbags at the final Peshmerga base, on the horizon you can see a water tower with the black IS banner draped across it.

    “That village,” one Peshmerga soldier said, pointing to a line of houses on the horizon, “is under the control of Daesh.”

    IS fighters are tough

    In 2014, the land the soldiers were standing on was also controlled by IS, or Daesh, as the group is known here.

    It took two months of bloody fighting to oust the militants from the area and regain what the Kurds consider their territory.

    Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga standing near one of the their lookout posts that straddles the frontline against the Islamic State in the area of Makhmour. Makhmour is expected to be one of the staging points for Iraqi and Peshmerga forces to advance on Mosul.
    Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga standing near one of the their lookout posts that straddles the frontline against the Islamic State in the area of Makhmour. Makhmour is expected to be one of the staging points for Iraqi and Peshmerga forces to advance on Mosul.

    At least one village still stands completely empty, it’s walls pockmarked with bullet holes. A large sign to the right of the bumpy road cutting through the houses warned against touching anything.

    IS militants are known to plant bombs and booby trap areas they have occupied.​

    This is a familiar battlefield for Omar Mirhan, at 78 the eldest Peshmerga in the area. According to him, they killed all the IS fighters when they retook Makhmour’s 14 surrounding villages.

    “They do not retreat,” Mirhan said, standing on top of a hill surrounded by his younger fighters, gesturing to the town below.

    Highly respected fighter

    Although retired and now only a volunteer, Mirhan is highly respected by his fellow Kurdish fighters.

    Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga soldiers huddle around Maj. Gen. Sirwan Barzani in Makhmour, Iraq. Makhmour is expected to serve as one of the staging points for Iraqi and Peshmerga forces in the advance against the Islamic State-controlled city of Mosul.
    Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga soldiers huddle around Maj. Gen. Sirwan Barzani in Makhmour, Iraq. Makhmour is expected to serve as one of the staging points for Iraqi and Peshmerga forces in the advance against the Islamic State-controlled city of Mosul.

    He joined the Peshmerga in 1961, and has fought in every battle since then, including against former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.

    Inside his lookout post, Mirhan rolled a cigarette with golden Kurdish tobacco, sipped tea and started to smoke.

    The battle for Mosul, he said, was going to be tough, and he was not sure the Iraqi Army – which fled Mosul in 2014 – was up to the task.

    “Do you want the Iraqi army to take Mosul? Unless American ground troops or Peshmerga go there, I swear to God, they can’t take Mosul,” he said.

    There is little love lost between the Kurdish and Iraqi forces. Their military bases here are separate, and even though Kurdistan is still considered part of Iraq, the Peshmerga bases fly the Kurdish flag and only the Iraqi bases fly the Iraqi flag.

    Cooperation

    Major General Sirwan Barzani, commander for the Makhmour frontline, known as Sector 6, says the forces are coordinating. He met with VOA during a short visit to one of the posts overlooking the town of Makhmour.

    WATCH: Peshmerga Commander Discusses Strategy Against IS

    Peshmerga Commander Discusses Strategy Against ISi
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    March 14, 2016 10:52 AM
    Peshmerga Commander Discusses Strategy Against IS

    “There is an operation room, there is a joint operation room between the Iraqi army, the Ministry of Defense, and the Peshmerga ministry and the Americans and the coalition,” Barzani said.

    But a lot more will be needed. Islamic State is a difficult enemy, he said. To take Mosul, Barzani said, airstrikes by coalition forces would not be enough; they would need attack helicopters.

    More weapons, money

    He called for more weapons and ammunition for his cash-strapped soldiers. “I have a maximum of five percent of my needs,” said the general.

    A steep economic crisis in the Kurdistan region, combined with a bitter budget spat with the central government in Baghdad, has meant that salaries for many Peshmerga are in arrears by several months.

    IS is developing new techniques, new ways of of using homemade bombs, it is using drones to gather intelligence and film its attacks, and it is experimenting with chemical weapons.

    Bullets lined up in the gap between sandbags forming a wall protecting the Iraqi Kurdish forces' last military base on the frontline with Islamic State in the Makhmour area of Iraq, March 8, 2016. (S. Behn/VOA)
    Bullets lined up in the gap between sandbags forming a wall protecting the Iraqi Kurdish forces' last military base on the frontline with Islamic State in the Makhmour area of Iraq, March 8, 2016. (S. Behn/VOA)

    “They are dangerous people,” Barzani said.

    Keeping it

    But the real challenge, the Kurdish general said, was not just taking Mosul away from IS, but being able to keep it.

    “You know it is not only a question of pushing Daesh back, you have to hold the land also,” said Barzani. “So I think they need at least 25,000 Iraqi army for this operation, and almost 10,000 Peshmerga.”

    According to Barzani, Iraqi security forces were already moving into Makhmour, an area that lies southeast of Mosul and about 125 kilometers southwest of Irbil.

    But he said it was unclear when and how the battle plan for Mosul will unfold, and what role the Iraqi Shi’ite militia will play in that fight.

    “The plan has changed more than four or five times. So until today we still don't have a final plan,” Barzani said.


    Sharon Behn

    Sharon Behn is a foreign correspondent working out of Voice of America’s headquarters in Washington D.C  Her current beat focuses on political, security and humanitarian developments in Iraq, Syria and Turkey. Follow Sharon on Twitter and on Facebook.

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    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: williweb from: Phoenix Arizona USA
    March 14, 2016 7:07 PM
    The Kurds have been denied their land by all the armies that have laid siege to it over the centuries. The northern Iraqi province was the only peaceful and prosperous area before IS came. They want to throw out IS and bring back the peace and prosperity.

    by: martin archer from: Scottsdale
    March 14, 2016 9:56 AM
    The Kurds would be quite foolish to move one inch out of Kurdistan on the basis of US promises, particularly since they are not likely to be kept as the US will be getting a totally new government to replace the current government and its senior military officers.
    On the other hand, now is the time to take any part of Kurdistan that has not yet been taken in order to present the new US Commanders with a new reality.

    by: meanbill from: USA
    March 14, 2016 9:51 AM
    The difficulty for the Shia Muslim led Iraqi government to take and hold Mosul is not the taking of it from the Sunni Muslim ISIL army, but trying to hold it from being returned to the ISIL army by the Sunni Muslim citizens and army? .. Remember Mosul was given to the Sunni Muslim ISIL army by the Sunni Muslim army fighters stationed there, and the Sunni Muslim citizens of Mosul? .. And those US armed and trained Sunni Muslim soldiers abandoned all their (American light and heavy weapons) to the Sunni Muslim ISIL army without firing a shot? .. And will they do it again? .. What do you think?
    In Response

    by: williweb from: Phoenix Arizona USA
    March 14, 2016 8:20 PM
    The Peshmerga should open all the flood gates on the Mosul dam until about half of the reservoir has been dumped on Mosul. They will be much easier to beat after they have been waterlogged for a few days. Meanwhile the Italian company can make repairs on the dam.

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