— Malaysia has again expanded the vast area where it is looking for a Boeing 777 jetliner with 239 people on board that went missing Saturday. Malaysian authorities acknowledge it is likely a search mission rather than a rescue effort.
Transport Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said ships and aircraft from 12 countries are now searching more than 90,000 square kilometers of water, and that the fifth day of the search, first focused on the Strait of Malacca and the South China Sea, now also extends far to the northwest to waters near India's Andaman and Nicobar islands.
The minister rejected criticism from some aviation experts outside Malaysia that the search has become mired in confusion, with Malay officials issuing contradictory reports about the effort.
On Tuesday Malaysia's Berita Harian
newspaper quoted Air Force chief Rodzali Daud as saying, "The last time the flight was detected close to Pulau Perak, in the Melaka Straits, at 2:40 a.m. by the control tower before the signal was lost."
Pulau Perak is an island at the northern end of the Strait of Malacca.
But on Wednesday, Rodzali denied the military had tracked the missing flight in the vicinity of Pulau Perak.
“I request this misreporting be amended and corrected to prevent further misinterpretations of what is clearly an inaccurate and incorrect report,” Rodzali said in a statement.
Hishammuddin said officials have turned over military radar information to American air safety experts to try to determine whether Flight 370 reached the Strait of Malacca, hundreds of kilometers to the west from its last known sighting on civilian radar north of Malaysia. He said officials are still not sure whether the two radar systems are both detecting the missing jet.
Hishammuddin said authorities have an obligation to the families of those aboard the jet to find the missing aircraft.
"So many vessels and aircraft, so many countries to coordinate, and a vast area for us to search," he said. "And each time that passes, I fear that the search and rescue becomes just a search, but we will never give up hope. And this we owe to the families."
The minister said the country is dealing with an "unprecedented" situation and will do "whatever it takes" to find the Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777.
"My heart reaches out to the families of the passengers and crew, and I give you my assurance that we will not reduce the tempo and that we will not spare any effort to find the missing plane," he promised.
The minister said 42 ships and 39 aircraft from 12 countries have so far "found nothing" in their search, which now spans over 50,000 kilometers.
The last known signal detected from Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 was reported one minute before entering Vietnamese airspace, prompting a massive international search effort in the sea between Vietnam and Malaysia.
Vietnam scales back search
Amid the confusion over the possible whereabouts of the aircraft, Vietnam announced early Wednesday it was scaling back its search operations. But hours later, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnam People's Army, Vo Van Tuan, said the search was back on.
He said search activities are being deployed as normal, expanding to the east and south of the plane’s last known trajectory between Vietnam and Malaysia.
Search teams have been scouring thousands of kilometers of water since Saturday without finding any trace of the missing plane.
In Hong Kong, Commander William Marks of the U.S. Navy’s 7th fleet said the effort is becoming more difficult.
"Time is not on our side. As every hour goes by, the search area gets bigger and bigger," he said. "From a typical standpoint, a person can survive in the water for at least 72 hours due to sheer willpower. A human being can survive without food or water if they are determined to survive. After that the chances of survival get less and less, and that's what we're concerned with right now."
Despite the worldwide concern over the aircraft and bewilderment over how a plane could disappear in an age of instant communications, experts say flying has never been safer.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) voted 2013 the safest on record in terms of fatalities involving commercial flights. Last year 173 people were killed in scheduled commercial flights, compared to 372 the previous year, according to the ICAO.
Greg Waldron, Asia managing editor of Flightglobal, a trade publication for the aviation sector says flying is safe.
“It’s completely safe to fly, I’m going to be flying tonight and I’m not even thinking twice about it. That’s why these things like MH370 are such a shock because they are so rare when they do happen,” he said.
He said it would be “a long road” before any answers the mystery of the fate of Flight MH370 are found.
A Malaysian police official displays a photograph of 19-year-old Iranian Pouri Nourmohammadi, one of the two men who boarded missing Malaysia Airlines MH370 flight using stolen European passports.
A Malaysian police woman holds up a picture of Pouri Nourmohammadi, 19, an Iranian who boarded the now missing Malaysia Airlines jet MH370 with a stolen passport.
This combination of images released by Interpol and displayed by Malaysian police in Sepang, Malaysia, on March 11, 2014, shows Pouri Nourmohammadi, 19, (left) and Delavar Seyedmohammaderza, 29, who allegedly boarded the now-missing Malaysia Airlines jet
Military officer Duong Van Lanh works onboard a Vietnamese airforce AN-26 during a mission to find the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 off Tho Chu islands March 11, 2014.
A Chinese relative of passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane looks out as she waiting for the latest news inside a hotel room for relatives or friends of passengers aboard the missing airplane in Beijing, China, March 11, 2014.
Family members comfort Chrisman Siregar, left, and his wife Herlina Panjaitan, the parents of Firman Siregar, one of the Indonesian citizens registered on the manifest of the Malaysia Airlines jetliner flight MH370 that went missing, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia, March 9, 2014.
Malaysia's Department of Civil Aviation's Director General Azharuddin Abdul Rahman briefs reporters at a press conference on search and recovery efforts within existing and new areas for the missing Malaysia Airlines plane,Sepang, Malaysia, March 10, 2014.
A family member of passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane wipes her tears at a hotel in Putrajaya, Malaysia, March 10, 2014.
Chinese relatives of passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane wait for the latest news inside a hotel room, Beijing, China, March 10, 2014.
CEO of Malaysia Airlines Ignatius Ong, center, gestures as he prepares to speak to the media near a hotel room for relatives or friends of passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines airplane, Beijing, China, March 10, 2014.
People hold a banner and candles during a candlelight vigil for passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, March 10, 2014.
Malaysia's Department of Civil Aviation director general Azharuddin Abdul Rahman, second from left, speaks during a press conference at a hotel in Sepang, Malaysia, March 10, 2014.
Italian Luigi Maraldi, left, whose stolen passport was used by a passenger boarding a missing Malaysian airliner, shows his passport as he reports himself to Thai police Lt. Gen. Panya Mamen, right, at Phuket police station in Phuket province, southern Thailand, March 9, 2014.
A U.S. Navy helicopter lands aboard Destroyer USS Pinckney during a crew swap before returning to a search and rescue mission for the missing Malaysian airlines flight MH370 in the Gulf of Thailand, March 9, 2014.