News / Health

Mass Polio Immunization Campaign Underway in Syria

Syrian children receive vaccination against polio at a Syrian refugee camp in Lebanon, Nov. 7, 2013.
Syrian children receive vaccination against polio at a Syrian refugee camp in Lebanon, Nov. 7, 2013.
Lisa Schlein
The largest-ever immunization campaign in the Middle East is underway to stop an outbreak of polio in Syria from spreading throughout the region.
 
In mid-October, 22 suspected cases of polio were detected in northeast Syria.  The virus has left 10 children paralyzed.  But U.N. health agencies warn hundreds of thousands of children across the region are at risk of contracting this crippling disease. 
 
Now, The World Health Organization and U.N. children’s agency are joining forces to immunize more than 20 million children in seven countries and territories during the coming six months.
 
WHO Polio Eradication Program Spokeswoman Sona Bari notes the virus has been circulating in the region for some time, notably in Egypt, Israel and the West Bank and Gaza.  But she says the outbreak in Syria, a country that had been polio-free for 14 years, has catalyzed this emergency response in the region.
 
Bari says emergency immunization campaigns to prevent transmission of polio and other preventable diseases have vaccinated more than 650,000 children in Syria.  She says this includes 116,000 in the highly contested northeast Deir-ez Zor province where the polio outbreak was confirmed a week ago. 
 
According to Bari the campaigns fanning out throughout the region aim to vaccinate 22 million children.
 
“This is a sustained six-month effort.  There will be repeated campaigns over this period of time.  It is going to need quite an intense period of activity to raise the immunity in a region that has been ravaged both by conflict in some parts, but also by large population movements.  So, the virus is moving throughout the region,” she said.
 
The WHO reports in the past few days, nearly 19,000 children under age five in Jordan’s Zaatari refugee camp have been vaccinated against polio.  And, it says a nationwide campaign is currently underway to reach 3.5 million people with polio, measles, and rubella.  It says a vaccination campaign has started in western Iraq and soon will begin in the Kurdistan region. Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt also plan campaigns this month. 
 
The polio virus usually infects children in unsanitary conditions through fecal-oral transmission.  It attacks the nerves and can kill or cause paralysis.  There is no cure for polio, but it can be prevented through immunization.
 
Bari says 12 suspected cases of polio are under investigation.  She says preliminary evidence indicates the poliovirus circulating in the region is of Pakistani origin. 
 
There have been media reports that Pakistani fighters brought the polio virus into Syria but the WHO spokeswoman said that is unlikely. 
 
“We are never going to know exactly how it arrived in Syria.  What we do know is that we have seen a virus that is very similar in Egypt, in the West Bank and Gaza, and in Israel over the past 12 months.  We also know that adults tend to have a much higher level of immunity already developed.  So, it is unlikely that adults brought this in.  It is probably more likely some other route.  But, we will never really know for sure.  All we can say for certain is that it is of Pakistani origin and that it has been in this region for a little while,” she said.
 
Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan are the last three endemic countries in the world, so it is from there that polio will continue to spread.  Since WHO began its polio eradication campaign in 1988, vaccination has reduced this crippling disease by more than 99 percent globally.
 
Despite this setback, Bari says the World Health Organization remains optimistic the outbreak can be stopped and polio, eventually, will be eradicated.

You May Like

India PM Modi's party distances itself from religious conversions

BJP under fire for being slow to rein in hardline affiliate groups allegedly trying to promote a Hindu-dominant agenda by luring Muslims and Christians to convert to Hinduism More

Anti-Whaling Group Found in Contempt of Court

Radical environmentalists who threw acid and smoke bombs at Japanese whalers in the waters off Antarctica continue their campaign to disrupt Japan's annual whale hunt More

UN's Ban Urges End to Discrimination Against Ebola Workers

Ban was speaking in Guinea on the second day of a whistle-stop tour aimed at thanking healthcare workers of the countries at the heart of the epidemic More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Sudan School Becomes Target of Aerial Attacksi
X
December 19, 2014 12:45 AM
The school dropout rate is at an all-time high in Sudan's South Kordofan state because many schools have been destroyed during the three-year civil war between the government and SPLA-N rebel forces. Adam Bailes visited Sudan's Nuba Mountains' region and reports many children are simply too scared to go to school
Video

Video Sudan School Becomes Target of Aerial Attacks

The school dropout rate is at an all-time high in Sudan's South Kordofan state because many schools have been destroyed during the three-year civil war between the government and SPLA-N rebel forces. Adam Bailes visited Sudan's Nuba Mountains' region and reports many children are simply too scared to go to school
Video

Video VOA Reporter Tours Devastated Peshawar School

Islamist militants wearing military uniforms and strapped with explosives attacked a military run school Tuesday in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar. At least 141 people were killed in the horrific attack, most of them young students. VOA reporter Ayaz Gul visited the devastated school and attended the funeral of the principal who courageously tried to save her students from the deadly attack.
Video

Video Nigerians Fleeing Boko Haram Languish in Camp Near Capital

In its five-year effort to impose Islamic law in northeastern Nigeria, the Boko Haram extremist group has killed thousands of people and forced hundreds of thousands to flee. Some of those who ran for their lives now live in squalor on the edges of the capital, Abuja. Chris Stein reports for VOA.
Video

Video Putin Says Russian Economy Will Emerge Stronger

Russian President Vladimir Putin has said his country's sinking economy will not only recover but also become stronger, despite falling oil prices and Western sanctions over Ukraine. VOA's Daniel Schearf reports.
Video

Video Detained Turkish Journalists Follow Teachings of US-Based Preacher

The Turkish government’s jailing of critical journalists has sparked international condemnation and is being seen as an effort to undermine the followers of an ailing Turkish preacher based in the United States. VOA religion reporter Jerome Socolovsky has more.
Video

Video ‘Anti-Islamization’ Marches Increase Tensions In Germany

Anti-immigrant rallies in Germany have been building in recent weeks, peaking Monday night in the city of Dresden where tens of thousands of people turned out to demonstrate against what they call the ‘Islamization’ of the West. Germany has offered asylum to more Syrian refugees than any other country, and this appears to have set off the protests. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Aceh Rebuilt Decade After Tsunami, But Scars Remain

On December 26, 2004 there was an earthquake in the Indian Ocean so powerful it caused the Earth’s axis to wobble a few centimeters. Onshore on the island of Sumatra, the resulting tsunami was devastating. A decade later, VOA Correspondent Steve Herman reports from Banda Aceh, Indonesia, where although there is little remaining evidence of the physical devastation, the psychological scars among survivors remain.
Video

Video Refugees Living in Kenya Long for Peace in the Home Countries

Kenya is host to numerous refugees seeking safe haven from conflict. Immigrants from Somalia face challenges in their new lives in Kenya. Ahead of International Migrants Day (December 18) Lenny Ruvaga has more for VOA News from the Kenyan capital.

All About America

AppleAndroid