News / Africa

Ex-US Envoy: Egyptian Defense Shakeup Sign of Rift

Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, right, presented with gift from Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, former head of SCAF, Hikstep, June 30, 2012.Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, right, presented with gift from Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, former head of SCAF, Hikstep, June 30, 2012.
x
Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, right, presented with gift from Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, former head of SCAF, Hikstep, June 30, 2012.
Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, right, presented with gift from Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, former head of SCAF, Hikstep, June 30, 2012.
Former U.S. Ambassador to Egypt Daniel Kurtzer says Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi's surprise appointment of a young general as defense minister appears to be a sign of a long-running split in the country's top military council.
 
Fifty-eight-year-old General Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi was sworn in as defense minister and military commander-in-chief on Sunday, replacing 76-year-old Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, whom Morsi ordered to retire.
 
Morsi said the move was part of an agreement with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), which led Egypt for 16 months until the president took office in June. But, some observers said younger SCAF members sided with Morsi to push out aging generals accused of mishandling Egypt's political transition.
 
An apparent rift
 
In an interview with VOA, Kurtzer said it was clear to him that there was "no unanimity" within SCAF's ranks from the time it took control of Egypt during a February 2011 popular uprising that ousted longtime autocratic president Hosni Mubarak.
 
"We saw manifestations of that split in some of the decisions that were reversed by SCAF pretty quickly after they were instituted," said Kurtzer, who served as U.S. ambassador in Cairo from 1998 to 2001.
 
"They were reversed under what looked like some pressure from the outside, but I think it also clearly showed that there was at least a faction from within that seized upon opposition from the outside to reverse decisions."
 
Kurtzer, a Middle East policy studies professor at Princeton University, said those decisions include SCAF's November 2011 draft declaration of constitutional principles, under which the generals called for excluding civilians from oversight of military affairs and budgets.
 
"There was a lot of protest from the outside and that document was withdrawn at the time," he said. "It came back into play in June 2012 and that's one of the documents that President Morsi has now abrogated."
 
Lack of transparency
 
Speaking by phone from Israel, Kurtzer said SCAF is an opaque institution whose key decision makers are hard to uncover. "But I would not be surprised if [General Sissi] was among those who didn't agree necessarily with everything that the very senior [SCAF] leadership was doing."
 
General Sissi comes from a religious family and secular critics have accused him of having secret ties to Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood movement – an allegation SCAF has denied.
 
Kurtzer said the general's background does not appear to have worried the United States, which provides Egypt with $1.3 billion in annual military aid.
 
"I understand from contacts in Washington that [Sissi] has a good reputation among our military," Kurtzer said. "They've gotten to know him in a variety of roles, including one in which he spent about a year in the United States in training."
 
Sissi had served as Egypt's military intelligence chief since the February 2011 uprising. In that role, he was one of the few SCAF members to meet with critics of military rule, defending military policies, but also acknowledging the need for change.

Michael Lipin

Michael covers international news for VOA on the web, radio and TV, specializing in the Middle East and East Asia Pacific. Follow him on Twitter @Michael_Lipin

You May Like

Philippines, Muslim Rebels Try to Salvage Peace Pact

Peace process faces major setback after botched military operation to find terrorists results in bloody gunbattle between government forces, Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters More

Republicans Expect Long, Expensive Presidential Battle

Political strategist says eventual winner will be one who can put together strongest coalition of various conservative groups that make up Republican Party More

Video New Wheelchair Is Easier to Use, Increases Mobility

Engineers have come up with a lever-operated design that makes use of easily accessible bicycle technology More

This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Godwin from: Nigeria
August 17, 2012 6:08 AM
You cannot measure friendship by the fact that you give and they receive $1.3bn. It is also a mistake to judge what stuff Sissi can be made of by his 2yrs sojourn in the US. Both are wrong assumptions. Weightier than anything else should be his religious leaning which has been the basis of all the troubles in the Middle and the world. If that does not concern the US, then USA does not understand the trouble in the world today and so cannot give appropriate leadership to tackles it. But to say the least, USA should stop all that so called aids to countries around the world and concentrate on its people's welfare, for those aids have only sent wrong signals and in some cases wrongly applied to counter the purpose for which they were meant. Division is the Morsi is a sign of democracy and should be seen as positive feature.

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grievingi
X
Benno Muchler
March 26, 2015 3:41 PM
Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grieving

Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Cambodian Land Grabs Threaten Traditional Communities

Indigenous communities in Cambodia's Ratanakiri province say the government’s economic land concession policy is taking away their land and traditional way of life, making many fear that their identity will soon be lost. Local authorities, though, have denied this is the case. VOA's Say Mony went to investigate and filed this report, narrated by Colin Lovett.
Video

Video US, South Korea Conduct Joint Military Exercises

The Eighth U.S. Army Division and the Eighth Republic of Korea Mechanized Infantry Division put on a well orchestrated show of force for the media this week during their joint military training exercises in South Korea. VOA’s Seoul correspondent Brian Padden was there and reports the soldiers were well disciplined both in conducting a complex live fire exercise and in staying on message with the press.
Video

Video Space Program Status Disappoints 'Last Man on the Moon'

One of the films that drew big crowds last week at the annual South by Southwest festival in Austin, Texas, tells the story of the last human being to stand on the moon, U.S. astronaut Eugene Cernan. It has been 42 years since Cernan returned from the moon and he laments that no one else has gone there since. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports.
Video

Video Young Filmmakers Shine Spotlight on Giving Back

A group of student filmmakers from across the United States joined President Barack Obama at the White House this month for the second annual White House Student Film Festival. Fifteen short films were officially selected from more than 1,500 entries by students aged 6 through 18. The filmmakers and their families then joined the president and a group of celebrities for a screening of their films. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video VOA Exclusive: Interview with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, during his first visit as president to Washington, gave a one-on-one interview with VOA Afghan Service reporter Said Suleiman Ashna, about his request for a change in U.S. troop levels, the threat from the Islamic State, and repairing relations with the United States and Pakistan. The interview was held at Blair House, late Sunday, in Pashto.
Video

Video California Science Center Tells Story of Dead Sea Scrolls

The ancient manuscripts were uncovered in the mid-20th century, and they are still yielding clues about life and religious beliefs in ancient Israel. As VOA's Mike O'Sullivan reports, an exhibit in Los Angeles shows how modern science is bringing the history of these ancient documents to life.
Video

Video Angelina Jolie Takes Another Bold Step

Hollywood actress and filmmaker Angelina Jolie has revealed she had her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to lower her odds of getting cancer. Doctors say the huge publicity over her decision will help raise awareness about the importance of cancer screening. VOA’s George Putic has more

All About America

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More