News / Americas

    Obama to Cubans: ‘It’s Time to Leave the Past Behind’

    U.S. President Barack Obama delivers a speech at the Gran Teatro in Havana, Cuba, March 22, 2016.
    U.S. President Barack Obama delivers a speech at the Gran Teatro in Havana, Cuba, March 22, 2016.
    Mary Alice Salinas

    Appealing directly to the Cuban people in Havana, President Barack Obama said it is time for the U.S. and Cuba to move beyond their Cold War differences and begin a new journey toward a future that will benefit both nations.

    “I have come here to extend a hand of friendship to the Cuban people,” Obama said during a televised address, hours before he departed the island nation Tuesday afternoon. “It is time for us to leave the past behind. It won’t be easy and there will be setbacks and it will take time.”

    Speaking Tuesday in the majestic El Gran Teatro de Havana, with Cuban President Raul Castro seated in a balcony directly across from him, Obama expressed hope for future relations between the United States and Cuba and their peoples.

    'Understanding, forgiveness'

    He added that kind of sweeping change between the former enemies must begin on a human level “with understanding, forgiveness and listening.”

    WATCH: U.S. President Obama addresses Cuban people from Havana

    In Cuba, Obama Says He Will Bury 'Last Remnant' of Cold Wari
    X
    March 22, 2016 3:56 PM
    U.S. President Barack Obama acknowledges the difficult history between the two countries but offers "message of peace" to the Cuban people as he nears the end of his landmark three-day visit to the communist island nation.

    Obama said he has hope for Cuba’s future because he believes in the Cuban people, prompting loud applause from the audience. Those attending the speech included Cuban officials and prominent figures, as well as members of Obama’s Cabinet and a bipartisan group of U.S. lawmakers.

    The president outlined the two nations’ painful history and separation, what they share in common and the stark differences they must overcome as the United States and Cuba move forward to normalize relations.

    Appeal to human rights

    Obama cited common values, religion, patriotism, pride, commitment to family, education and innovation. But he added there remain deep chasms between their approach to the economy, society and government.

    Speaking directly to Castro, Obama said, “You do not need to fear a threat from the United States,” adding the Cuban government also does not need have to fear the voices of the Cuban people.

    "People should be able to criticize their government and choose those who govern them," Obama said.

    While the United States has loosened restrictions on travel and commerce since both countries formally restored diplomatic ties in July, more changes are needed, especially on human rights, he said.

    Cuba's President Raul Castro waves to the audience as he takes his seat near Cuba's prima ballerina, Alicia Alonso, second left, before U.S. President Barack Obama speaks at the Gran Teatro, in Havana, Cuba, March 22, 2016.
    Cuba's President Raul Castro waves to the audience as he takes his seat near Cuba's prima ballerina, Alicia Alonso, second left, before U.S. President Barack Obama speaks at the Gran Teatro, in Havana, Cuba, March 22, 2016.

    “We need the space to change, individuals bring change.” Obama noted, adding in Spanish, “El futuro de Cuba tiene que estar en las manos del pueblo humano,” or Cuba’s future must rest in the hands of its people.

    In Washington, U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Paul Ryan condemned Obama's visit to Cuba, telling Reuters news agency the trip legitimizes the "tyrannical dictatorship" of Castro.

    Ryan made his remarks to reporters as Obama was wrapping up his historic visit to Havana.

    Embargo remains

    Castro has blamed a 55-year U.S. embargo on Cuba for many of the communist nations problems and has repeatedly urged Obama to pressure Congress to lift it.

    Obama responded during his keynote address on the third and final day of his historic visit.

    WATCH: Obama meets with Cuban dissidents at US Embassy in Havana

    Obama Meets With Dissidents at US Embassy in Havanai
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    March 22, 2016 4:39 PM
    U.S. President Barack Obama on Tuesday met with a group of about a dozen Cuban dissidents at the U.S. Embassy in Havana and praised them for showing "extraordinary courage." He noted the group represented various causes and some in the room have been detained by government authorities -- "some in the past, some very recently."

    "As president of the United States, I have called on our Congress to lift the Cuban embargo,” he said to loud applause. “It is an outdated burden on the Cuban people, it’s a burden on the Americans who want to work or do business or invest here in Cuba.”

    The Republican-controlled Congress has criticized Obama’s policy change from isolation to engagement with Cuba, saying it has delivered too many concessions.

    After the speech, both leaders left the crowded theater to standing ovations.

    Obama next traveled to the U.S. Embassy where he met with Cuban dissidents and members of civil society.

    Joined by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, the president spoke about the importance of hearing “directly” from Cubans about their ideas and concerns as the U.S. shapes its policy toward Cuba.

    Among those present was Berta Soler, who was arrested Sunday with her Ladies in White dissident group that holds weekly marches demanding more freedoms.

    Also in attendance was Elizardo Sanchez Santa-Cruz, a spokesman for Cuban human rights group, Comision Cubana de Derechos Humanos y Reconciliacion Nacional (CCDHNR).

    President Barack Obama and Rachel Robinson, left, widow of baseball hall-of-famer Jackie Robinson, attend the exhibition game between the MLB Tampa Bay Rays and the Cuban National team, in Havana, Cuba, March 22, 2016.
    President Barack Obama and Rachel Robinson, left, widow of baseball hall-of-famer Jackie Robinson, attend the exhibition game between the MLB Tampa Bay Rays and the Cuban National team, in Havana, Cuba, March 22, 2016.

    "It requires, many times, great courage to be active in civil life here in Cuba," Obama said. "This is an area where we continue to have deep differences" with the Cuban government.

    Tampa Bay vs. Cuban nationals

    Obama attended a baseball game between Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Rays and the Cuban national team. Leaving after the third inning, he boarded Air Force One, departing for Argentina and capping his visit as the first U.S. president in nearly 90 years to visit Cuba.

    Interviewed during the game by ESPN, which broadcast the game, Obama said he thinks Cuba's isolation has empowered those who don't want to see change in communist nation.

    WATCH: Highlights of President Obama's trip to Cuba

    Highlights of US President Barack Obama's Historic Trip to Cubai
    X
    March 23, 2016 12:55 AM
    Highlights of US President Barack Obama's Historic Trip to Cuba

    He said his policy of engaging Havana is not a naive notion, but based on his believe that Americans traveling to the island, and sharing ideas and culture, will promote change.

    “What this game is about is goodwill, recognizing that people are people," the president told ESPN.

    The Rays won the game 4-1.

    Before the game started, Obama introduced Rachel Robinson, the widow of baseball great Jackie Robinson, to the Cuban president. Rachel Robinson and her daughter Sharon Robinson rode on Air Force One to Cuba with the Obamas.

    Jackie Robinson played for Cuba in 1947.

    WATCH: Obama, Castro attend exhibition baseball game

    Obama, Castro Watch Tampa Bay Rays, Cuban Nationals Baseball Gamei
    X
    March 22, 2016 7:26 PM
    U.S. President Barack Obama ended his historic trip to Cuba by watching an afternoon exhibition baseball game between Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Rays and the Cuban national team. Before the game started, Obama introduced Rachel Robinson, the widow of baseball great Jackie Robinson, to Cuban President Raul Castro.

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    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: Marcus Aurelius II from: NJ USA
    March 23, 2016 5:38 AM
    Time to leave the past behind? What about on the other side? When will Cuba leave the failed brutally cruel economically failed tyrannical doctrine of communism behind? If Cuba doesn't, what's in it for America. When President Trump gets into office, that's another of Obama's blunders he can rip up. How wise it was to put the embargo in the hands of Congress and not allow the President to capriciously end it by fiat.

    by: Gavilan
    March 22, 2016 9:29 PM
    Its about time.

    by: JR from: BRAZIL
    March 22, 2016 2:26 PM
    It is rare, but sometimes good news appear on the midia. I hope that approach be good for both people. As Mr. Obama said so properly is time to bury the past.

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