News / Asia

    Obama Urges Pyongyang to End Nuclear, Missile Testing

    North Korea missile ranges
    North Korea missile ranges
    VOA News
    North Korea's nuclear and missile programs

    • Aug. 1998: Test fires Taepodong-1, its first long-range rocket
    • Sept. 1999: Pledges to freeze long-range missile tests amid improving U.S. ties
    • Mar. 2005: Ends moratorium on missile tests, blames "hostile" policy of U.S.
    • Jul. 5, 2006: Test fires long-range Taepodong-2, which fails after launch
    • Jul. 15, 2006: U.N. Security Council demands Pyongyang halt missile program
    • Oct. 9, 2006: Conducts first underground nuclear test
    • Oct.15, 2006: U.N. Security Council demands halt to missile, nuclear tests, bans sale of weapons
    • Apr. 5, 2009: Launches long-range rocket that lands in Pacific; U.S. says no satellite placed in orbit
    • Apr. 13, 2009: U.N. Security Council condemns launch, tightens sanctions;  Pyongyang quits six-party nuclear talks
    • May 2009: Conducts second underground nuclear test
    • Jun. 2009: Security Council imposes tougher sanctions
    • Feb. 2012: Announces moratorium on nuclear and long-range missile programs in exchange for U.S. food aid
    • Apr. 2012: Launches long-range rocket, which falls apart shortly after lift-off
    • Dec. 2012: Launches Unha-3 rocket, declares success in placing satellite in orbit
    • Jan. 2013: U.N. Security Council condemns December rocket launch
    • Feb. 2013: Conducts third nuclear test
    U.S. President Barack Obama is calling for North Korea to take "confidence building measures" aimed at diffusing tensions, such as ending its nuclear and missile testing.

    In an interview Wednesday with the U.S. television network ABC, Mr. Obama said countries would reciprocate if they saw any kind of responsible behavior from the North Korea. He said Pyongyang is yet to display that type of behavior.

    North Korea has made a series of dramatic threats following last week's U.N. sanctions for its latest nuclear test. Among them is its vow to carry out a preemptive nuclear strike on the United States.

    President Obama also told ABC that some, but not all, cyber attacks on U.S. firms and infrastructure originating in China were state sponsored.

    He said the United States has told China and other countries it expects them to abide by international laws. He called for the U.S. Congress to strengthen cyber security while protecting civil liberties.

    Earlier this week, U.S. National Security Advisor Tom Donilon urged China to take "serious steps" to stop cybercrimes.

    Several large U.S. technology companies, including Apple, Facebook, and Twitter, were hacked earlier this year. The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post newspapers also say they were attacked.

    U.S. Internet security group Mandiant has said Chinese military experts stole large amounts of data from about 150 U.S. companies and organizations.  China denies the charge.

    In addition to its threats, North Korea said last week it was canceling the armistice agreement that ended the Korean war in 1953. The United Nations has said the agreement is still valid. A U.N. spokesman said the terms of the deal do not allow North Korea or South Korea to end it unilaterally.

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