News / Asia

Pakistan's President Signs Constitutional Amendment, Relinquishes Some Powers

Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari, left, signs a constitutional reforms law as Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani looks on during a ceremony in Islamabad, 19 Apr 2010
Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari, left, signs a constitutional reforms law as Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani looks on during a ceremony in Islamabad, 19 Apr 2010

Multimedia

Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari has signed into law a constitutional amendment that strips him of powers originally given to the presidency by the country's former military dictator two decades ago.

Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardai signed the 18th amendment in the presidential palace, during a ceremony that ranged from a solemn affair of gathered dignitaries to a raucous political rally.

Gathered in attendance were select members of Pakistani civil society, government officials, and the heads of the country's political parties, including opposition leader and outspoken rival of President Zardari, Nawaz Sharif.

Mr. Zardari's signature was the last step in formalizing the constitutional reforms, which both houses of the Pakistani Parliament passed unanimously earlier this month. After signing the bill, President Zardari referred back to 1973 when Pakistan's constitution was first created.

"It is my hope that the nation will once again be driven by a sense of purpose just as it was when the constitution was adopted," he said. "It is my hope that the doors of dictatorship have been closed forever."

In the 1980s, military ruler Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq assumed several powers to maintain control of the government, including the powers to dissolve parliament and appoint judges and the heads of the country's armed forces. These powers now go to the parliament and the office of the prime minister.

Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said with this reaffirmation of the country's democracy, the government now must continue its efforts in earnest to solve the problems affecting Pakistanis.

"The government is already making every effort to overcome an energy shortage, poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, inadequate health facilities, rural and the regional backwardness," he said.

But critics remain skeptical about the constitutional changes, saying political party heads, which include the current president, gain power. Opposition Senator and noted constitutional expert S.M. Zafar tells VOA party heads can now force their lawmakers to keep the party's line in several matters, including during a vote of no confidence for a prime minister.

"The direction of the political party has to be obeyed," he said. "And if not obeyed, then the matter can be referred to the election commission, who can disqualify the person concerned after a hearing."

There also has been much controversy regarding a clause of the amendment that renames the North West Frontier Province to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The new name reflects the Pashtun ethnic majority of the province, which predominately speaks Pashto. The province's Hindko-speaking population has been demonstrating against the name change in protests that at times have turned violent during the past few weeks. The protesters say they want the province's name to remain unchanged or they will demand a separate province that will reflect their majority in the south.

Prominent lawyers' groups also have rejected a provision in the amendment that empowers a parliamentary commission to approve or reject judges' nominations by the Supreme Court chief justice. Representatives for the groups say they will challenge the provision to get it reversed.

Related Report by VOA's Ravi Khanna

You May Like

On Everest, Helicopters Rescue Stranded Climbers

Choppers transport some of more than 100 mountaineers trapped after deadly quake, avalanches More

Video Ten Years After Riots, France Searches for Answers to Neglected Suburbs

In 2005, a Paris suburb exploded into violence after two teenagers were electrocuted as they hid from police; since then, somethings have changed, others not More

US, Japan Announce Historic Revision of Defense Cooperation Guidelines

Nations say new guidelines will be 'cornerstone for peace and security' in Asia-Pacific region while also serving as 'platform for a more stable international security environment' More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
‘Angel of the Migrants’ Helps Desperate Syrians Arriving in Europei
X
Henry Ridgwell
April 26, 2015 10:36 PM
Waves of migrants are continuing to arrive on the shores of southern Italy from North Africa. After their dangerous journey across the Mediterranean, they face an unknown future in Europe. In the Sicilian city of Catania there is an activist dedicated to helping the refugees on their journey.
Video

Video ‘Angel of the Migrants’ Helps Desperate Syrians Arriving in Europe

Waves of migrants are continuing to arrive on the shores of southern Italy from North Africa. After their dangerous journey across the Mediterranean, they face an unknown future in Europe. In the Sicilian city of Catania there is an activist dedicated to helping the refugees on their journey.
Video

Video Ten Years After Riots, France Searches for Answers to Neglected Suburbs

January’s terrorist attacks and fears of more to come are casting a spotlight on France’s neglected suburbs. Home to many immigrants, and sometimes hubs of crime, they were rocked by rioting a decade ago. Lisa Bryant visited the Paris suburb of Clichy-sous-Bois, where the 2005 violence first broke out, and has this report about what has changed and what has not.
Video

Video Gay Marriage Goes Before US Supreme Court

This week, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments on whether gay people have a constitutional right to marriage. VOA’s Michael Bowman reports, the case could lead to the nationwide legalization of same-sex marriage, or a continuation of the status quo in which individual states decide whether to recognize gay unions.
Video

Video Study: Insecticide Damaging Wild Bee Populations

A popular but controversial type of insecticide is damaging important wild bee populations, according to a new study. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.
Video

Video Data Servers Could Heat Private Homes

As every computer owner knows, when their machines run a complex program they get pretty hot. In fact, cooling the processors can be expensive, especially when you're dealing with huge banks of computer servers. But what if that energy could heat private homes? VOA’s George Putic reports that a Dutch energy firm aims to do just that.
Video

Video Cinema That Crosses Borders Showcased at Tribeca Film Festival

Among the nearly 100 feature length films being shown at this year’s Tribeca Film Festival in New York City are more than 20 documentaries and features with international appeal, from a film about a Congolese businessman in China, to documentaries shot in Pakistan and diaspora communities in the U.S., to a poetic look at disaffected South African youth. VOA’s Carolyn Weaver has more.
Video

Video UN Confronts Threat of Young Radicals

The radicalization and recruitment of young people into Islamist extremist groups has become a growing challenge for governments worldwide. On Thursday, the U.N. Security Council heard from experts on the issue, which has become a potent threat to international peace and security. VOA’s Margaret Besheer reports.
Video

Video Growing Numbers of Turks Discover Armenian Ancestry

In a climate of improved tolerance, growing numbers of people in Turkey are discovering their grandmothers were Armenian. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians escaped the mass deportations and slaughter of the early 1900's by forced conversion to Islam. Or, Armenian children were taken in by Turkish families and assimilated. Now their stories are increasingly being heard. Dorian Jones reports from Istanbul that the revelations are viewed as an important step.
Video

Video Migrants Trek Through Western Balkans to Reach EU

Migrants from Africa and other places are finding different routes into the European Union in search of a better life. The Associated Press followed one clandestine group to document their trek through the western Balkans to Hungary. Zlatica Hoke reports that the migrants started using that route about four years ago. Since then, it has become the second-most popular path into Western Europe, after the option of sailing from North Africa to Italy.
Video

Video US Businesses See Cuba as New Frontier

The Obama administration's opening toward Cuba is giving U.S. companies hope they'll be able to do business in Cuba despite the continuation of the U.S. economic embargo against the communist nation. Some American companies have been able to export some products to Cuba, but the recent lifting of Cuba's terrorism designation could relax other restrictions. As VOA's Daniela Schrier reports, corporate heavy hitters are lining up to head across the Florida Straits - though experts urge caution.
Video

Video Kenya Launches Police Recruitment Drive After Terror Attacks

Kenya launched a major police recruitment drive this week as part of a large-scale effort to boost security following a recent spate of terror attacks. VOA’s Gabe Joselow reports that allegations of corruption in the process are raising old concerns about the integrity of Kenya’s security forces.
Video

Video Japan, China in Race for Asia High-Speed Rail Projects

A lucrative competition is underway in Asia for billions of dollars in high-speed rail projects. Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia Thailand and Vietnam are among the countries planning to move onto the fast track. They are negotiating with Japan and the upstart Chinese who are locked in a duel to revolutionize transportation across Asia. VOA Correspondent Steve Herman in Bangkok has details.
Video

Video Scientists: Mosquitoes Attracted By Our Genes

Some people always seem to get bitten by mosquitoes more than others. Now, scientists have proved that is really the case - and they say it’s all because of genes. It’s hoped the research might lead to new preventative treatments for diseases like malaria, as Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Bible Museum Coming to Washington DC

Washington is the center of American political power and also home to some of the nation’s most visited museums. A new one that will showcase the Bible has skeptics questioning the motives of its conservative Christian funders. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky reports.
Video

Video Afghan First Lady Pledges No Roll Back on Women's Rights

Afghan First Lady Rula Ghani, named one of Time's 100 Most Influential, says women should take part in talks with Taliban. VOA's Rokhsar Azamee has more from Kabul.

VOA Blogs