News / Africa

Puntland Cuts Ties With Somalia Over Formation of New State

Somalia’s semi-autonomous Puntland region has cut ties with the central government after it learned of a plan to form a new federal state in the center of the country that would allegedly include part of the Puntland region.

Late last month, the Somali federal government and representatives from the central regions of Galgudud and Mudug signed a document that said the region's leaders would work together to form a new administration.

In a statement, the U.N. special representative of the secretary-general for Somalia, Nicholas Kay, welcomed the move but warned of the challenges that await the leaders.

Kay urged the leaders to solve any differences through dialogue and negotiations involving all clan leaders, women and civil society groups.

Days later, Puntland cut all ties with the Mogadishu government over the formation of the new state.

Federal state

Somalia's constitution allows two or more regions to form a federal state.

While Galgudud sits entirely in Somali government territory, the Mudug region is split in two, with one side being controlled by Puntland and the other by local authorities affiliated with the Somali government.

Mohamed Ali Hashi, a politician from Puntland, said Mudug was split in two because of deadly tribal conflict 20 years ago, and that recombining the regions will not be easy.

If you want to combine the (Mudug region), “there is a lot of work to be done before you take that decision. The local people who are inhabitants have to be consulted, the regional government of Puntland has to be consulted,” Hashi said. “If they agree, no problem. But if they don't agree, you cannot force them, so I think that was a mistake."

Somali media reports said some clans and local groups are also opposed to the deal, which was signed in Mogadishu last month.   

Alihashi Mohamed Sahal, a central Somali politician who supports creation of the new federal state, said the people and leaders of the two regions should decide what kind of administration they want.

"All parties should be given and supported in the reconciliation efforts and after that, they themselves should agree and decide on how they are going to form their state,” Sahal said. “If Mudug wants to be part of Garowe and Bosaso (Puntland) or Mudug wants to join Galgudud and Hiiraan regions, they should do it without fighting among themselves."

Constitutional test

Abdirahman Mohamed, the head of a political consulting firm in Mogadishu, said the push to create the new state will be a test for the central government and the provisional federal constitution.

"We will have regions that are basically inhabited by clans that come from different backgrounds, different clans in this case.  If this one goes through, this will create a precedent whereby regions will start to affiliate themselves with their clans, not according to the regions that are stipulated in the constitution,” Mohamed said.

Despite the bickering among politicians, the United Nations and international community have insisted the process of federalism is necessary to build a stable and peaceful Somalia.

You May Like

US Gives Malaysia Questionable Upgrade in Human Trafficking Ranks

Malaysia’s upgrade seen as removing barrier to country’s participation in the US-led 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership More

Turkey, US Try to Establish Buffer Despite Differences

Coalition airstrikes in proposed zone would aim to drive out Islamic extremists, allowing targeted area to come under sway of anti-Assad rebels More

Video US: Millions Exploited by Vast Fortunes of Human Trafficking

State Department's annual report calls exploitation 'modern slavery,' brutalizing girls, women into prostitution and forcing men, women and children into low-wage jobs across the globe More

This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Xaaji Dhagax from: Somalia
August 12, 2014 9:55 PM
The 22-plus year’s long fratricidal conflict brought our nation into this kind of fragmentation. Now with this new Puntland conflict boiling in front of us caused our nation to hit new low in our confidence to govern ourselves independently.

Our federal government was intentionally established on clan based (4.5) system. This clan system is obsolete, primitive and brutal. It gives major clans the authority to use heavy handed against minorities for little reason and whenever they want.
All major clans want to have their own autonomous land for future bargaining in federal system. If things don’t go on their way then they will threaten to have their own republic. This is what’s happening now in Puntland.
Somalia is very small country but unfortunately we are dealing with about 11 semi-republic regions within our country.
Without due process of democratic process, every clan want to become a head of state, a prime minister, minister and parliamentarian at the same time.
This kind of behavior has to be stopped with force if necessary.
In Response

by: Ina Hagi Waraabe from: Berbera
August 13, 2014 1:17 PM
I assume that you are one of minority clan or what Mogadishu people call OTHERS. Right?

Please do not count Somaliland as Somali Republic regions. We ar done with you, and you all continue to do useless clan system government in Somalia.

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
US Calls Fight Against Human Trafficking a Must Wini
X
July 28, 2015 12:21 AM
The United States is promising not to give up its fight against what Secretary of State John Kerry calls the “scourge” of modern slavery. Officials released the country’s annual human trafficking report Monday – a report that’s being met with some criticism. VOA’s National Security correspondent Jeff Seldin has more from the State Department.
Video

Video US Calls Fight Against Human Trafficking a Must Win

The United States is promising not to give up its fight against what Secretary of State John Kerry calls the “scourge” of modern slavery. Officials released the country’s annual human trafficking report Monday – a report that’s being met with some criticism. VOA’s National Security correspondent Jeff Seldin has more from the State Department.
Video

Video Iran Nuclear Pact Wins Few New US Congressional Backers

Later this week, President Barack Obama returns from a trip to Africa to confront a U.S. Congress roiled by the nuclear accord with Iran, an agreement that has received the blessing of the U.N. Security Council. Days of intensive lobbying and testimony by top administration officials have won few new congressional supporters of the pact. VOA’s Michael Bowman reports.
Video

Video Washington DC Underground Streetcar Station to Become Arts Venue

Abandoned more than 50 years ago, the underground streetcar station in Washington D.C.’s historic DuPont Circle district is about to be reborn. The plan calls for turning the spacious underground platforms - once meant to be a transportation hub, - into a unique space for art exhibitions, presentations, concerts and even a film set. Roman Mamonov has more from beneath the streets of the U.S. capital. Joy Wagner narrates his report.
Video

Video Obama Encourages Kenya to Fix Cultures of Corruption, Discrimination

President Barack Obama bid farewell to Kenya Sunday with a major speech at as stadium outside the capital Nairobi where he called on Kenyans to change the cultures of corruption and discrimination that can hold society back. VOA East Africa Correspondent Gabe Joselow has the story.
Video

Video Europe’s Twin Crises Collide in Greece as Migrant Numbers Soar

Greece has replaced Italy as the main gateway for migrants into Europe, with more than 100,000 arrivals in the first six months of 2015. Many want to move further into Europe and escape Greece’s economic crisis, but they face widespread dangers on the journey overland through the Balkans. VOA's Henry Ridgwell reports.
Video

Video Stink Intensifies as Lebanon’s Trash Crisis Continues

After the closure of a major rubbish dump a week ago, the streets of Beirut are filling up with trash. Having failed to draw up a plan B, politicians are struggling to deal with the problem. John Owens has more for VOA from Beirut.
Video

Video Paris Rolls Out Blueprint to Fight Climate Change

A U.N. climate conference in December aims to produce an ambitious agreement to fight heat-trapping greenhouse gases. But many local governments are not waiting, and have drafted their own climate action plans. That’s the case with Paris — which is getting special attention, since it’s hosting the climate summit. Lisa Bryant takes a look for VOA at the transformation of the French capital into an eco-city.
Video

Video Racially Diverse Spider-Man Takes Center Stage

Whether it’s in a comic book or on the big screen, fans have always known the man behind the Spider-Man mask as Peter Parker. But that is changing, at least in the comic book world. Marvel Comics announced that a character called Miles Morales will replace Peter Parker as Spider-Man in a new comic book series. He is half Latino, half African American, and he is quite popular among comic book fans. Correspondent Elizabeth Lee reports from Los Angeles.
Video

Video California Towns Welcome Special Olympics Athletes

Cities and towns in Southern California are greeting thousands of athletes who are arriving for Special Olympics, a competition for people with intellectual disabilities. The games will run from July 25th through August 2nd. VOA's Mike O'Sullivan reports from Pasadena, California, where athletes from Namibia, Singapore and Tanzania got a rousing welcome from local residents.
Video

Video Critics of Japan Defense Policy Focus on Okinawa

In Okinawa, many locals have long complained that Tokyo places an unfair burden on the tiny island by locating most of Japan's U.S. military bases there. As Japan's government moves toward strengthening and expanding the country's defense policies, opponents of those plans are joining local protesters in Okinawa, voicing concern about where the country is headed. VOA’s Brian Padden reports from Okinawa.
Video

Video IS Uses Chemical Weapons in Syrian Attack

Islamic State militants have added a new weapon in their arsenal of fear: chemical weapons. VOA Kurdish service reporter Zana Omer was on the scene within hours of a recent attack in Hasakah, Syria, and has details of the subsequent investigation, in this report narrated by Miguel Amaya.
Video

Video Historic Symbol Is Theme of Vibrant New Show

A new exhibit in Washington is paying tribute to the American flag with a wide and eclectic selection of artwork that uses the historic symbol as its central theme. VOA’s Julie Taboh was at the DC Chamber of Commerce for the show’s opening.
Video

Video Hoverbike Flying Toward Reality

Another long-standing dream of many technological inventors is quickly approaching reality: U.S.- and British-based firms are cooperating in the development of an individual flying platform they call a hoverbike. They say it may revolutionize the concept of flying, including in the U.S. military. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video As Japan Expands Defense Role, Protests Follow

The Japanese government is moving forward with a controversial security bill that would authorize the military to fight abroad for the first time since World War II. Leaders say it is critical to defend against rising threats from China and North Korea. VOA’s Brian Padden reports from Japan on the big changes ahead, and the opposition they are drawing.
Video

Video Replacing Poppies with Coffee in Myanmar

The remote mountains of Myanmar’s Shan state are home to the second-largest opium-producing region in the world. After a drop during the 2000s, production surged in the past eight years to feed an increasing demand for heroin in China. But farmers are now making less on the crop, and the U.N. is hoping many will make the switch to growing coffee. Daniel de Carteret reports for VOA from Taunggyi.

VOA Blogs