News / Health

Report Shows Big Drop in New HIV Infections

Ugandan HIV/AIDS patients listen as a doctor explains how to start anti-retroviral treatment, near Kampala, Sept. 1, 2005.Ugandan HIV/AIDS patients listen as a doctor explains how to start anti-retroviral treatment, near Kampala, Sept. 1, 2005.
x
Ugandan HIV/AIDS patients listen as a doctor explains how to start anti-retroviral treatment, near Kampala, Sept. 1, 2005.
Ugandan HIV/AIDS patients listen as a doctor explains how to start anti-retroviral treatment, near Kampala, Sept. 1, 2005.
Lisa Schlein
A new report from UNAIDS indicates that the rate of new HIV infections has dropped significantly over the past decade. The report estimated 2.3 million adults and children were newly infected with HIV in 2012, a figure that represents a 33 percent reduction in annual new cases compared to 2001. 
 
The report says the most striking results in combating HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, are to be found among children, for which the number of new HIV infections has been cut by 52 percent since 2001. 
 
Mahesh Mahalingam is the Director of the Office of the Deputy Executive Director of UNAIDS.  He said a major element of this progress is that many more pregnant women who are living with HIV are receiving medication that prevents transmission of the disease from mother to child. 
 
“Nearly 62 percent of women who are pregnant and have HIV have received anti-retroviral medicine.  As a result, the number of children becoming infected with HIV has dropped to record low levels from nearly half a million just about 10 years ago.  Now only about 260,000 children were infected with HIV.  We hope that by 2015, we can bring this number down to virtually zero,” said Mahalingam. 
 
The report notes that some 9.7 million people in low and middle-income countries were accessing antiretroviral therapy by the end of 2012, an increase of nearly 20 percent in just one year. The report’s authors say this dramatic acceleration makes them optimistic that the Millennium Development Goal of having 15 million people on HIV treatment will be reached by the 2015 target date.
 
In 2012, the report found an estimated 35.3 million people globally were living with HIV and 1.6 million had died from AIDS-related illnesses. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most heavily infected region in the world. 
 
It says most new HIV infections have occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa, while the continent as a whole accounts for nearly 75 percent of all people living with HIV in the world.  Mahalingam points out that government leadership combined with community action is succeeding in turning the epidemic around in some places.
 
“The most amount of progress is happening in the country that has the largest number of people living with HIV in the world, and that is South Africa.  In South Africa, record numbers of people have been put on antiretroviral therapy and… about 50 percent decline in new infections have occurred in that country,” he said. 
 
The study found rises in new HIV infections in Eastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.  It says Ukraine is making progress in combating the disease, but elsewhere in Eastern Europe drug-injecting users are fueling the epidemic.
 
It says most new HIV infections in developed, Western countries are occurring among gay men.  It says people in the United States and Europe view AIDS as a chronic disease, one which can be treated with medication.  As a consequence, the report says many people are becoming complacent and are no longer taking preventive measures.
 
UNAIDS says punitive laws that criminalize sexual behavior, in addition to stigma and discrimination, prevent people from coming forward to learn their HIV status and get treatment.  It warns that this has the effect of driving the disease underground and worsening the epidemic.

You May Like

Disappointing Report on China's Economy Shakes Markets

In London and New York shares lost 3 percent, while Paris and Germany dropped around 2.4 percent More

DRC Tries Mega-Farms to Feed Population

Park at Boukanga Lonzo currently has 5,000 hectares under cultivation, crops stretching as far as eye can see, and is start of ambitious large-scale agriculture plan More

Video War, Drought Threaten Iraq's Marshlands

Areas are spawning ground for Gulf fisheries, a resting place for migrating wildfowl, source of livelihood for fishermen and herders who have called the marshes home for generations More

This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Babu G. Ranganathan
September 24, 2013 11:39 AM
PREVENTION AND HEALING OF DISEASE: Numerous scientific studies at universities and colleges have shown that the Aloe vera plant contains a myriad of nutrients (i.e. various vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, amino acids) which all together help prevent various diseases and to heal disease.

Read my popular Internet article, CHEMOTHERAPY SUCCESS WITH ALOE VERA! This is a must read article for all those diagnosed with cancer or who have a loved one who is. Just google the title to access the article. There are properties in aloe vera that greatly strengthen the immune system and help protect the immune system and healthy cells from being destroyed by chemo and radiation. The result is that the cancer cells are destroyed while the immune system and more of the healthy cells survive. The properties in aloe vera also help chemo/radiation patients suffer a lot less side effects from the chemo/radiation treatments. Numerous scientific studies at universities and colleges have shown that the Aloe vera plant contains a myriad of nutrients to help prevent various diseases and to heal disease. Babu G. Ranganathan (B.A. Bible/Biology)

THE BEST WEAPON AGAINST GERMS OF ALL KINDS is colloidal silver. Germs, including viruses of all types, cannot develop resistance to colloidal silver. Please read my Internet article, PROTECT YOUR BODY WITH COLLOIDAL SILVER. Just google the title to access the article.

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Nobel Prize Winner Malala Talks to VOAi
X
August 31, 2015 2:17 AM
Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai met with VOA's Deewa service in Washington Sunday to talk about women’s rights and unveil a trailer for her new documentary. VOA's Katherine Gypson has more.
Video

Video Nobel Prize Winner Malala Talks to VOA

Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai met with VOA's Deewa service in Washington Sunday to talk about women’s rights and unveil a trailer for her new documentary. VOA's Katherine Gypson has more.
Video

Video War, Drought Threaten Iraq's Marshlands

Iraq's southern wetlands are in crisis. These areas are the spawning ground for Gulf fisheries, a resting place for migrating wildfowl, and source of livelihood for fishermen and herders. Faith Lapidus has more.
Video

Video Colombians Flee Venezuela as Border Crisis Escalates

Hundreds of Colombians have fled Venezuela since last week, amid an escalating border crisis between the two countries. Last week, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro ordered the closure of a key border crossing after smugglers injured three Venezuelan soldiers and a civilian. The president also ordered the deportation of Colombians who are in Venezuela illegally. Zlatica Hoke reports.
Video

Video Rebuilding New Orleans' Music Scene

Ten years after Hurricane Katrina inundated New Orleans, threatening to wash away its vibrant musical heritage along with its neighborhoods, the beat goes on. As Bronwyn Benito and Faith Lapidus report, a Musicians' Village is preserving the city's unique sound.
Video

Video In Russia, Auto Industry in Tailspin

Industry insiders say country relies too heavily on imports as inflation cuts too many consumers out of the market. Daniel Schearf has more from Moscow.
Video

Video Scientist Calls Use of Fetal Tissue in Medical Research Essential

An anti-abortion group responsible for secret recordings of workers at a women's health care organization claims the workers shown are offering baby parts for sale, a charge the organization strongly denies. While the selling of fetal tissue is against the law in the United States, abortion and the use of donated fetal tissue for medical research are both legal. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video Next to Iran, Climate at Forefront of Obama Agenda

President Barack Obama this week announced new initiatives aimed at making it easier for Americans to access renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. Obama is not slowing down when it comes to pushing through climate change measures, an issue he says is the greatest threat to the country’s national security. VOA correspondent Aru Pande has more from the White House.
Video

Video Arctic Draws International Competition for Oil

A new geopolitical “Great Game” is underway in earth’s northernmost region, the Arctic, where Russia has claimed a large area for resource development and President Barack Obama recently approved Shell Oil Company’s test-drilling project in an area under U.S. control. Greg Flakus reports.
Video

Video Philippine Maritime Police: Chinese Fishermen a Threat to Country’s Security

China and the Philippines both claim maritime rights in the South China Sea.  That includes the right to fish in those waters. Jason Strother reports on how the Philippines is catching Chinese nationals it says are illegal poachers. He has the story from Palawan province.
Video

Video China's Spratly Island Building Said to Light Up the Night 'Like A City'

Southeast Asian countries claim China has illegally seized territory in the Spratly islands. It is especially a concern for a Philippine mayor who says Beijing is occupying parts of his municipality. Jason Strother reports from the capital of Palawan province, Puerto Princesa.
Video

Video Ages-old Ice Reveals Secrets of Climate Change

Ice caps don't just exist at the world's poles. There are also tropical ice caps, and the largest sits atop the Peruvian Andes - but it is melting, quickly, and may be gone within the next 20 years. George Putic reports scientists are now rushing to take samples to get at the valuable information about climate change locked in the ice.

VOA Blogs